Modernism

By chenery
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    Impressionism

    Impressionism was an art style that marked the beginning of the Modernism movement and the start of the breaking of traditional conventions of global art. Impressionism's core was about creating an atmosphere quickly and experimenting with the effects of light or exposure to light and movement. Impressionism started and was very popular in Europe, particularly France where the painters Claude Monet and Edgar Degas originated - who are wellknown for there contribution to Impressionism.
  • 'Impression, Sunrise' - Claude Monet

    'Impression, Sunrise' - Claude Monet
  • 'The Dance Class' - Edgar Degas

    'The Dance Class' - Edgar Degas
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    Post-Impressionism

    Post-Impressionism is the term used to describe the style of art after Manet, a French painter, and the style is very similar however it was more pointedly emphasizing geometric forms and more bold and distorted images that had no real subject matter. Important artists from the Post-Impressionism period were Vincent Van Gogh and Georges Pierre-Seurat.
  • 'Bathers at Asnières' - Georges Pierre Seurat

    'Bathers at Asnières' - Georges Pierre Seurat
  • 'The Starry Night' - Vincent Van Gogh

    'The Starry Night' - Vincent Van Gogh
  • 'The Scream' - Edvard Munch

    'The Scream' - Edvard Munch
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    Fauvism

    Fauvism was a short-lived however very effective art movement lead by French artists Henri Matisse and Andre Derain. These artists further rebelled against the conventions of traditional artworks and used bold colour and harsh brushstrokes to create expressive images that would go down in history.
  • 'The Green Stripe' - Henri Matisse

    'The Green Stripe' - Henri Matisse
  • 'Big Ben' - Andre Derain

    'Big Ben' - Andre Derain
  • 'Les Demoiselles d'Avignon' - Pablo Picasso

    'Les Demoiselles d'Avignon' - Pablo Picasso
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    Expressionism

    Expressionism was a movement that wanted to develop a style with greater emotional force that effected the audience in a greater way - through emotion. Expressionism began in Germany before the outbreak of WWI and used techniques such as discordant colours and distorted shapes to relate to the intensity of the artist's feelings. Significant artists of this period include Ernst Ludwig Kirchner and Edvard Munch.
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    Cubism

    Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque were the main leaders and founders of the art movement Cubism of the early twentieth century. Cubism effected all aspects of culture and art and was essentially the idea of taking objects or visual pictures, breaking them down and reassembling them to a simplified, abstract geometric form. A lot of influence of the Cubism style came from former Post-Impressionist painter Paul Cezanne who was also known for his planes of colour and small brushstrokes of Cubism.
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    Futurism

    Futurism was an exciting and glorious movement obsessed with the beauty of speed and concets of the future, for example noise, technology, youth and cities. The Futurists explored every medium of art and aimed at eliminating the basic symmetry of traditional culture by using agitated lines and irregular paintings. Prominent Futurist artists include Italians Carlos Carra and Umberto Boccioni.
  • 'Vioin and Candlestick' - Georges Braque

    'Vioin and Candlestick' - Georges Braque
  • 'The Funeral of the Anarchist Galli' - Carlos Carra

    'The Funeral of the Anarchist Galli' - Carlos Carra
  • 'Unique Forms of Continuity in Space' - Umberto Boccioni

    'Unique Forms of Continuity in Space' - Umberto Boccioni
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    Dada

    Dada was a movement that began due to the horrors of WWI and lay the foundations of Surrealism abstract art. Dada created an anti-war and anti-bourgeois community among art, literature, music and other aspects of society, and its leading pioneers in visual arts were Marcel Duchamp and Max Ernst. Dada art is whimsical, colourful, wittily sarcastic and satirical and in some cases silly, and was created to provoke emotion from the audience.
  • 'Self Portrait as a Soldier' - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

    'Self Portrait as a Soldier' - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
  • 'Black Circle' - Kazimir Malevich

    'Black Circle' - Kazimir Malevich
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    Suprematism

    Suprematism was an art style invented by Russian artist Kazimir Malevich and was one of the earliest forms of abstract art. It focussed on geometric shapes and motifs such as the circle, square, rectangle and cross and block colours. Texture was also an essential quality to this movement, and the art was based upon 'pure artistic feeling'. Another key artist of this period was El Lissitzky.
  • 'Fountain' - Marcel Duchamp

    'Fountain' - Marcel Duchamp
  • 'Compostition VII (The Three Graces)' - Theo van Doesburg

    'Compostition VII (The Three Graces)' - Theo van Doesburg
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    Neo-Plasticism

    Also known as De Stijl (Dutch for 'The Style'), Neo-plasticism was a Dutch artistic movement, whose essential artists were Theo van Doesburg and Piet Mondrian. De Stijl's main cultural idea was utopia and spiritual harmony by taking the world and futher abstracting and simplifying it to basic, geometric forms and primary forms - the new plastic art. Neo-plasticism can be found in everyday art such as furniture, architecture and even visual art such as painting.
  • 'Beat The Whites With The Red Wedge' - El Lissitzky

    'Beat The Whites With The Red Wedge' - El Lissitzky
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    Surrealism

    A cultural movement in art and literature, that sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious ming and express the imagination as revealed in dreams, free of the conscious control of reason and convention. This style was largely influenced by neurologist Sigmund Freud's theory of the unconscious, and its main artists were Salvador Dalí and René Magritte. These painters were wellknown for their striking and bizarre images which affected many aspects of society.
  • 'Composition II in Red, Blue and Yellow' - Piet Mondrian

    'Composition II in Red, Blue and Yellow' - Piet Mondrian
  • 'The Persistence of Memory' - Salvador Dalí

    'The Persistence of Memory' - Salvador Dalí
  • 'L'ange Du Foyer' - Max Ernst

    'L'ange Du Foyer' - Max Ernst
  • 'Zebra' - Victor Vasarely

    'Zebra' - Victor Vasarely
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    Op Art

    Also known as Optical Art, Op Art is an image which contains a optical illusion and was an idea originated in Germany and most popular during the late 1960's. Many of these pieces of art were black and white and would spin when the image is remaining still or contained and unexpected image hidden in lines or dots. Two prominent artists of this time period were Victor Vasarley - dubbed the father of Op Art - and Bridget Riley - one of the earliest Op Artists.
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    Abstract Expressionism

    Abstract Expressionism is also considered 'action painting' because of the broad movements and energy that goes into creating the artworks. The most prominents artist of this style were Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning. These artists used extremely large canes and energy to express their inner self and used different style such as the 'drip techinque', violent brushstrokes, splattering of paint and fields of colour.
  • 'No.5' - Jackson Pollock

    'No.5' - Jackson Pollock
  • 'Woman III' - Willem De Kooning

    'Woman III' - Willem De Kooning
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    Pop Art

    The most wellknown artists of Pop Art were Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein. It emerged in the mid-1950's and was the most prominent art movement that focussed on challenging the traditional conventions of art and questioning what art really is. It incorporated aspects of popular culture and found objects into its artworks and uses irony, humour, text, captions and much incongruency to express itself.
  • 'Movement in Squares' - Bridget Riley

    'Movement in Squares' - Bridget Riley
  • 'Campbell's Soup Cans' - Andy Warhol

    'Campbell's Soup Cans' - Andy Warhol
  • 'Drowning Girl' - Roy Lichtenstein

    'Drowning Girl' - Roy Lichtenstein
  • 'The Son of Man' - René Magritte

    'The Son of Man' - René Magritte