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Three Steps Forward, Six Steps Back: The Tragectory of Latina Rights in the United States

  • Ratification of Nineteenth Ammendment

    Ratification of Nineteenth Ammendment
    Gave women the right to vote
  • Hernandez v. Texas

    A Class Apart (Youtube video)
    First Mexican-American civil-rights case heard and decided by the United States Supreme Court. Chief Justice Earl Warren delivered the unanimous opinion of the court in favor of Hernández and ordered a reversal of conviction. Ruled that Hernández had "the right to be indicted and tried by juries from which all members of his class are not systematically excluded."
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    Chicano Movement (Mex-Amer Civil Rights Movement)

    The Mexican American Civil Rights Movement is a social movement of the 1960s that encompassed a broad cross section of issues—from restoration of land grants, to farm workers rights, to enhanced education, to voting and political rights.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Forbade discrimination on the basis of race and sex in hiring, promoting, and firing. It made it unlawful for an employer to "fail or refuse to hire or to discharge any individual, or otherwise to discriminate against any individual with respect to his compensation, terms, conditions or privileges or employment, because of such individual's race, color, religion, sex, or national origin."
  • Espinoza v. Farah Manufacturing Co.

    Espinoza v. Farah Manufacturing Co.
    Supreme Court Case wear Mrs. Espinoza sues Farah Manufacturing Co. for refusing to hire her because of her Mexican citizenship. She alleged that it violated the Civil Rights Act of 1964; however, the case held that an employer's refusal to hire a person because he is not a United States citizen does not constitute employment discrimination on the basis of "national origin" in violation of § 703. Pp. 414 U. S. 88-96 (Civil Rights Act of 1964).
  • New Arizona Immigration Law

    New Arizona Immigration Law
    SB 1070 "requires officials and agencies of the state and political subdivisions to fully comply with and assist in the enforcement of federal immigration laws and gives county attorneys subpoena power in certain investigations of employers. Establishes crimes involving trespassing by illegal aliens, stopping to hire or soliciting work under specified circumstances, and transporting, harboring or concealing unlawful aliens, and their respective penalties."
  • New Alabama Immigration Law

    New Alabama Immigration Law
    HB 56 was passed by the state of Alabama requiring public schools to check students’ immigration status, criminalizes giving an undocumented immigrant a ride, requires employers to use E-Verify to check potential employees’ status, and instructs police to check the immigration status of anyone they stop if they suspect the person of being an undocumented immigrant.
  • South Carolina passes Act No. 69

    South Carolina passes Act No. 69
    Scheduled to become effective on January 1, 2012. Like Alabama and Arizona, South Carolina seeks to regulate immigration by passing harsh laws that conflict with the policies implemented by the federal government. This photo is ironic because Nikki Haley is captured here signing the bill that sets the provisions for the harsh laws, when she is a daughter of immigrants herself.