The main theorists of Constructivism

Timeline created by lindayoung@mweb.co.za
In History
  • John Dewey birth

    John Dewey birth
    Born 20 October 1859 in Burlington, Vermont
  • John Dewey starts teaching at Universities

    John Dewey starts teaching at Universities
  • John Dewey achieves Doctorate

    John Dewey achieves Doctorate
    Philosophy and Psychology Doctorate from John Hopkins
  • John Dewey starts an experimental elementary school

    John Dewey starts an experimental elementary school
    Dewey was an academic philosopher and proponent of educational reform
  • John Dewey achievements

    John Dewey achievements
    Published over 1,000 pieces of writings during his lifetime.
    His experiential learning theory - believed that education should be based on the principle of learning through doing.
  • Lev Vygotsky birth

    Lev Vygotsky birth
    Born 17 November 1896, in Orsha, a city in the western region of the Russian Empire
  • Jean Piaget birth

    Jean Piaget birth
    Born on 9 August 1896 in Neuchâtel, Switzerland
  • Jerome Bruner birth

    Jerome Bruner birth
    "Jerry" born 1 October 1915 in New York City
    He was born blind.
  • Lev Vygotsky graduates

    Lev Vygotsky graduates
    Achieved a degree in Law at Moscow State University
  • Jerome Bruner sight is restored

    Jerome Bruner sight is restored
    Cataract operations restored his sight at age 2.
    It is believed that he had constructed a visual world in his mind whilst blind. The experience may help explain why he later developed the groundbreaking theory that "perception is controlled by the mind as well as by the senses".
  • Jean Piaget achieves Ph.D.

    Jean Piaget achieves Ph.D.
    Studied zoology at the University of Neuchâtel, receiving his Ph.D. in the natural sciences.
    Studied one semester of psychology under Carl Jung and Paul Eugen Bleuler at the University of Zürich
  • John Dewey co-founded The New School for Social Research

    John Dewey co-founded The New School for Social Research
  • Jean Piaget works at Alfred Binet Laboratory

    Jean Piaget works at Alfred Binet Laboratory
    Piaget evaluated the results of tests made to measure child intelligence and draw connections between age and errors - this raised new questions about the way that children learn.
  • Lev Vygotsky starts formal work in Psychology

    Lev Vygotsky starts formal work in Psychology
    Attended the Institute of Psychology in Moscow
    Theories:

    1. The Zone of Proximal Development
    2. The More Knowledgeable Other
    3. Sociocultural Theory
  • Albert Bandura birth

    Albert Bandura birth
    The American Psychologist was born in Canada on 4 December 1925
  • Lev Vygotsky writing achievements

    Lev Vygotsky writing achievements
    Published 6 books on psychology topics over a ten-year period. His interests centered on issues of child development and education, and the psychology of art and language development
  • Lev Vygotsky death

    Lev Vygotsky death
    Died of TB at age 37
  • Jerome Bruner achieves AB Degree

    Jerome Bruner achieves AB Degree
    Majored in Psychology at Duke University
  • Jerome Bruner achieves MA

    Jerome Bruner achieves MA
    MA achieved at Harvard University
  • Jean Lave birth

    Jean Lave birth
    Born in 1939 in Illinois and grew up in California
  • John Seely Brown birth

    John Seely Brown birth
    Born in New York
  • Jerome Bruner achieves Ph.D

    Jerome Bruner achieves Ph.D
    Harvard University
  • Jerome Bruner joins Harvard University faculty

    Jerome Bruner joins Harvard University faculty
  • Roger Schank birth

    Roger Schank birth
    Born in America
  • Daniel Goleman birth

    Daniel Goleman birth
    Born 7 March 1946 in California
  • K Anders Ericsson birth

    K Anders Ericsson birth
  • Ellen Langer birth

    Ellen Langer birth
    Born in New York
  • John Dewey death

    John Dewey death
    Died in New York at age 92
  • Albert Bandura graduates with Doctorate

    Albert Bandura graduates with Doctorate
    After achieving a Bachelor’s Degree at the University of British Columbia, he received a master’s degree in Psychology in 1951 and thereafter, a Doctorate in Clinical Psychology in 1952
  • Jerome Bruner publishes "The Process of Education"

    Jerome Bruner publishes "The Process of Education"
    International Best-seller, translated into 19 languages. His theory was formed on three major considerations: "a concept of mind as method applied to tasks", "the influence of Jean Piaget", and "the notion of the structure of knowledge—the important thing to learn is how an idea or discipline is put together".
  • Jerome Bruner opens Centre for Cognitive Studies

    Jerome Bruner opens Centre for Cognitive Studies
    Together with George Miller, they shared the understanding that psychology should be concerned with the cognitive processes—the "distinct human forms of gaining, storing, and working over knowledge"
    Bruner is best known for his work in education, most of which he undertook during his years at this Center
  • Albert Bandura and the Bobo Doll experiment

    Albert Bandura and the Bobo Doll experiment
    The famous Bobo doll experiment studies the responses of young children that witness a physically and verbally abused a clown-faced inflatable toy. This lead to his Social Learning Theory that we can learn from others by copying or mimicking their behaviours.
  • John Seely Brown graduates

    John Seely Brown graduates
    Graduated from Brown University with degrees in Mathematics and Physics
  • Jean Lave receives Doctorate

    Jean Lave receives Doctorate
    Doctorate in Social Anthropology from Harvard University
    Lave has a strong interest in social theory and learning.
  • Lev Vygotsky theories are known in the West

    Lev Vygotsky theories are known in the West
    Vygotsky's concepts and ideas were introduced in the fields of educational and developmental psychology. Since then his works have been translated and have become very influential, particularly in the area of education.
  • John Seely Brown earns Ph.D

    John Seely Brown earns Ph.D
    From University of Michigan - Computer and Communication Sciences
  • Jean Piaget achieves Erasmus award

    Jean Piaget achieves Erasmus award
  • Jerome Bruner joins Oxford University

    Jerome Bruner joins Oxford University
    Appointed as Watts Professor of Psychology. This is where his research in perception and cognition (as well as education) came to focus on cognitive development in early infancy
  • Daniel Goleman achieves Ph.D

    Daniel Goleman achieves Ph.D
    Ph.D achieved at Harvard University in Psychology
  • Roger Schank joins Yale University

    Roger Schank joins Yale University
    Professor of Computer Science and Psychology
  • Ellen Langer achieves Ph.D

    Ellen Langer achieves Ph.D
    Ph.D in Social and Clinical Psychology - Yale University
  • Jean Piaget achieves Balzan award

    Jean Piaget achieves Balzan award
  • Roger Schank founds Cognitive Systems

    Roger Schank founds Cognitive Systems
    Schank was among the first to capitalize on the expected boom in AI when he founded Cognitive Systems. He is a leading researcher in AI, as well as cognitive science - applying it to education, learning theory, and building of virtual learning environments. His Schema theory explains that learners are self driven and will learn when they want to know, not when teachers want to teach. Schank has written more than twenty-five books
  • Jean Piaget achievements & death

    Jean Piaget achievements & death
    Six decade career in child psychology.
    Theory that "children develop mentally in 4 stages".
    Author of more than 50 books and hundreds of papers
    Died in Geneva, Switzerland at 84 years old
  • Daniel Goleman joins New York Times

    Daniel Goleman joins New York Times
    Joins NYT "Psychology Today" as Psychologist and Journalist
  • Albert Bandura develops Social Cognitive Theory

    Albert Bandura develops Social Cognitive Theory
    This theory explains that a person’s environment, their belief in their own capabilities, how they feel about doing it, will determine how that person functions
  • Roger Schank sets up Institute for Learning Sciences

    Roger Schank sets up Institute for Learning Sciences
    He was initially granted $30 million from Andersen Consulting.
    The ILS focused on the development of educational software.
    Schank believes that "the educational system is fundamentally broken and that software will need to replace conventional teaching methods" (Wikipedia)
  • Ellen Langer publishes book

    Ellen Langer publishes book
    Her first book is published - Mindfulness - and she is seen to be the "mother of mindfulness". She writes extensively about the illusion of control, mindful aging, stress, decision-making, and health.
  • Jean Lave publishes book - Situated Learning

    Jean Lave publishes book - Situated Learning
    The book provides details of her Situated Learning Theory -
    1. Learning is situated - can happen within an activity, must have context and can happen unintentionally.
    2. Social interaction and collaboration is essential and learners become involved in what she calls communities of practice
    This book was co-authored with her student Etienne Wenger.
  • K Anders Ericsson publishes book on theory

    K Anders Ericsson publishes book on theory
    Expert performance theory is explained in his book "Toward a General Theory of Expertise". Together with his team, they believe that extended deliberate practice will result in superior performance
  • K Anders Ericsson publishes book

    K Anders Ericsson publishes book
    In the Psychological Review paper, he explains the 10 000 rule - which means that 10 000 hours of practice will achieve mastery. Malcolm Gladwell then published a book "Outliers" in 2008 based on these findings.
  • Daniel Goleman's book - an international bestseller

    Daniel Goleman's book - an international bestseller
    Book "Emotional Intelligence" was a best-seller for 18 months and sold 5 000 000 copies worldwide. His theory explains that IQ is not the only measure of ability - and emotional knowledge can assist us to grow
  • Ellen Langer publishes book

    Ellen Langer publishes book
    The Power of Mindful Learning was published. She uses her mindful theory to expand on the way we learn, how to be open to learning, accepting that there are different perspectives
  • John Seely Brown elected as Co-chairman of Deloittes Centre for the Edge

    John Seely Brown elected as Co-chairman of Deloittes Centre for the Edge
    Has been in this position for over 2 decades He is part artist, part scientist and part strategist
  • John Seely Brown publishes Book

    John Seely Brown publishes Book
    Book: A new culture of learning: Cultivating the imagination for a world of constant change
    This book explains his learning theory about how the world and technology are moving at a fast speed, & we often cant keep up with the skills required at this pace. He brings in the idea of play, innovation, mentorship and the need to leverage systems of social and technological infrastructures. This is his most recently published book. He has published over 11 books & hundreds of papers
  • Jerome Bruner death

    Jerome Bruner death
    Died at 100 years of age
    Believed to have made outstanding contributions to the study of perception, cognition, and education
  • K Anders Ericsson death

    K Anders Ericsson death