The Internet in a nutshell

  • The Ferranti Mark 1 computer

    The Ferranti Mark 1 computer
    Ferranti Mark 1 was the first commercially availlable computer in the world. However, only 6 were actually sold, partially due to the fact that they required assembly and were valve-driven.
  • Arpanet Created

    Arpanet Created
    Arpanet was the first real network to run on packet switching technology (new at the time). On the October 29, 1969, computers at Stanford and University of California, Los Angeles connected for the first time. In effect, they were the first hosts on what would one day become the Internet. The first message sent across the network was supposed to be "Login", but reportedly, the link between the two colleges crashed on the letter "g".
  • E-mail was invented by Tomlinson

    E-mail was invented by Tomlinson
    Email was first developed in 1971 by Ray Tomlinson, who also made the decision to use the "@" symbol to separate the user name from the computer name (which later on became the domain name).
  • 1974: The beginning of TCP/IP

    1974: The beginning of TCP/IP
    Transmisson Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol was invented in 1974. 1974 was a breakthrough year. A proposal was published to link Arpa-like networks together into a so-called "inter-network", which would have no central control and would work around a transmission control protocol (which eventually became TCP/IP).
  • The PC Modem

    The PC Modem
    1977 was a big year for the development of the Internet as we know it today. It’s the year the first PC modem, developed by Dennis Hayes and Dale Heatherington, was introduced and initially sold to computer hobbyists.
  • Spam is born!

    Spam is born!
    1978 is also the year that brought the first unsolicited commercial email message (later known as spam), sent out to 600 California Arpanet users by Gary Thuerk.
  • The earliest form of multiplayer games

    The earliest form of multiplayer games
    The precursor to World of Warcraft and Second Life was developed in 1979, and was called MUD (short for MultiUser Dungeon). MUDs were entirely text-based virtual worlds, combining elements of role-playing games, interactive, fiction, and online chat.
  • The first modern emoticons were born :)

    The first modern emoticons were born :)
    While many people credit Kevin MacKenzie with the invention of the emoticon in 1979, it was Scott Fahlman in 1982 who proposed using :-) after a joke, rather than the original -) proposed by MacKenzie. The modern emoticon was born.
  • Arpanet switches to TCP/IP

    Arpanet switches to TCP/IP
    January 1, 1983 was the deadline for Arpanet computers to switch over to the TCP/IP protocols developed by Vinton Cerf. A few hundred computers were affected by the switch. The name server was also developed in ’83..
  • Domain Name System (DNS)

    Domain Name System (DNS)
    The domain name system was created in 1984 along with the first Domain Name Servers (DNS). The domain name system was important in that it made addresses on the Internet more human-friendly compared to its numerical IP address counterparts. DNS servers allowed Internet users to type in an easy-to-remember domain name and then converted it to the IP address automatically.
  • First computer virus

    First computer virus
    Brain is the industry standard name for a computer virus that was released in its first form in January 1986, and is considered to be the first computer virus for MS-DOS. It infects the boot sector of storage media formatted with the DOS File Allocation Table (FAT) file system.
  • IRC – Internet Relay Chat

    IRC – Internet Relay Chat
    In 1988, Internet Relay Chat (IRC) was first deployed, paving the way for real-time chat and the instant messaging programs we use today.
  • AOL is launched

    AOL is launched
    When Apple pulled out of the AppleLink program in 1989, the project was renamed and America Online was born. AOL, still in existence today, later on made the Internet popular amongst the average internet users.
  • Period: to

    Development of the World Wide Web

    1989 also brought about the proposal for the World Wide Web, written by Tim Berners-Lee. It was originally published in the March issue of MacWorld, and then redistributed in May 1990. It was written to persuade CERN that a global hypertext system was in CERN’s best interest. It was originally called "Mesh"; the term "World Wide Web" was coined while Berners-Lee was writing the code in 1990.
  • First web page created

    First web page created
    1991 brought some major innovations to the world of the Internet. The first web page was created and, much like the first email explained what email was, its purpose was to explain what the World Wide Web was.
  • The first webcam

    The first webcam
    One of the more interesting developments of this era, though, was the first webcam. It was deployed at a Cambridge University computer lab, and its sole purpose was to monitor a particular coffee maker so that lab users could avoid wasted trips to an empty coffee pot.
  • First graphical web browser for the general public

    First graphical web browser for the general public
    The first widely downloaded Internet browser, Mosaic, was released in 1993. While Mosaic wasn’t the first web browser, it is considered the first browser to make the Internet easily accessible to non-techies.
  • First web-based (webmail) service

    First web-based (webmail) service
    In 1996, HoTMaiL (the capitalized letters are an homage to HTML), the first webmail service, was launched.
  • Google!

    Google!
    Google went live in 1998, revolutionizing the way in which people find information online.
  • Internet-based file-sharing

    Internet-based file-sharing
    In 1998 as well, Napster launched, opening up the gates to mainstream file-sharing of audio files over the internet.
  • Wikipedia is launched

    Wikipedia is launched
    With the dotcom collapse still going strong, Wikipedia launched in 2001, one of the websites that paved the way for collective web content generation/social media.
  • "The" Facebook open to college students

    "The" Facebook open to college students
    Facebook launched in 2004, though at the time it was only open to college students and was called "The Facebook"; later on, "The" was dropped from the name, though the URL http://www.thefacebook.com still works.
  • Wikileaks launched

    Wikileaks launched
    Wikileaks is created by Julian Assange (Australian)
  • The iPhone and the Mobile Web

    The iPhone and the Mobile Web
    The biggest innovation of 2007 was almost certainly the iPhone, which was almost wholly responsible for renewed interest in mobile web applications and design.
  • Wikileaks releases Iraqi war videos

    Wikileaks releases Iraqi war videos
    In April 2010, WikiLeaks published gunsight footage from the 12 July 2007 Baghdad airstrike in which Iraqi journalists were among those killed by an Apache helicopter, known as the Collateral Murder video.