The history of the Internet

  • The start of computers

    The Elliott-NRDC 401 was one of the first electronic computers, developed by British electrical company Elliott Brothers in 1952
  • Packet switching

    The packet switching concept was first invented by Paul Baran in the early 1960's, and then independently a few years later by Donald Davies. Leonard Kleinrock conducted early research in the related field of digital message switching, and helped build the ARPANET, the world's first packet switching network.
  • Arpanet

    On October 29, 1969, ARPAnet delivered its first message: a “node-to-node” communication from one computer to another.
  • Emails

    Emails were first used by ARPAnet in 1971 and by 1973 made up more than 3 courters of ARPAnet's packets.
  • Standford

    Standford became the official record keeper of everyone's addresses in 1973.
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    1974 - 1977

    In 1974 60 computers were connected to the ARPAnet network and by 1977 over 100.
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    More networks

    More networks started to be made and some had even more computers connected than ARPAnet.
  • TCP/IP

    Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol was first used by ARPAnet in January 1, 1983 and it was a standard way of formatting packets. And the Internet Protocol was a standard way of assigning addresses
  • The Internet

    Once networks started using TCP/IP connecting them together became easier. All of the different networks were connected to each other forming the Internet.
  • DNS

    Paul Mockapetris expanded the Internet beyond its academic origins by inventing the Domain Name System (DNS) in 1983. Hosts were arranged into domains like .com and .edu

    Started in 1986, NSFNET grew so quickly after connecting to ARPAnet that less than a year later, it already needed major upgrades to handle all of the new traffic
  • NSFNET banning traffic

    In 1988 NSFNET decided to connect a couple of private network's emails servers to NSFNET
  • First commercial emails

    In 1989, users of compuserv and mci mail could send the first comemercials across the internet.
  • ISP

    In 1989, we got the first internet service providers, or ISP. These service providers would connect people to a local network and to the internet.
  • The World Wide Web

    Tim Berners-Lee, a British scientist, invented the World Wide Web (WWW) in 1989, while working at CERN. The Web was originally conceived and developed to meet the demand for automated information-sharing between scientists in universities and institutes around the world
  • The Arpanet shut down

    The ARPANET was officially decommissioned in 1990, whilst in 1995 the NFTNET was shut down and the Internet effectively privatised.
  • Replacement

    IN 1990, NSFNET officially replaced ARPAnet as a backbone of the internet and its more than half a million users
  • NSFNET shut down

    In 1995, NSFNET got shut down and handed everything over to the ISPs.