Chinese and Greek philosophers describe the basic principles of optics and the camera.
Isaac Newton 1664 -1666
Isaac Newton discovers that white light is composed of different colours.
Johann Heinrich Schulze
He discovered that silver nitrate darkened upon exposure to light.
First Panorama opens, the forerunner of the movie house invented by Robert Barker.
Joseph Niepce achieves first photographic image
Joseph Niepce achieves first photographic image using an early device for projecting real-life imagery called a camera obscura. However, the image required eight hours of light exposure and later faded.
Louis Daguerre's first daguerreotype
Louis Daguerre's first daguerreotype, an image that was fixed and did not fade and needed under thirty minutes of light exposure
First American patent issued in photography to Alexander Wolcott for his camera.
The first multiple copies.
William Henry Talbot patents the Calotype process, the first negative-positive process making possible the first multiple copies.
The first advertisement
The first advertisement with a photograph is published in Philadelphia.
Frederick Scott Archer
Frederick Scott Archer invented the Collodion process so that images required only two or three seconds of light exposure.
Panoramic camera, called the Sutton, is patented.
Oliver Wendell Holmes
He invents stereoscope viewer
Photographs and photographic negatives are added to protected works under copyright law.
Richard Leach Maddox
Richard Leach Maddox invented the gelatin dry plate silver bromide process, which means negatives no longer had to be developed immediately.
Eastman Dry Plate Company is founded.
George Eastman invents flexible, paper-based photographic film
Kodak roll-film Camera
Eastman patents Kodak roll-film camera
Reverend Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film.
First mass-marketed camera, called the Brownie, goes on sale.
1913/1914 35mm still Camera
First 35mm still camera is developed.
General Electric invents the modern flash bulb.
First Light Meter
First light meter with photoelectric cell is introduced.
Eastman Kodak markets Kodachrome film.
Kodacolor negative film.
Eastman Kodak introduces Kodacolor negative film.
Chester Carlson receives a patent for electric photography (xerography).
Edwin Land launches and markets the Polaroid camera.
High-speed Tri-X film.
Eastman Kodak introduces high-speed Tri-X film
Underwater Camera for U.S. Navy.
EG&G develops extreme depth underwater camera for U.S. Navy.
Instant Colour film.
Polaroid introduces the instant colour film.
Photograph of the Earth is taken from the moon
The photograph, Earth rise, is considered one of the most influential environmental photographs ever taken.
Instant Photography with the SX-70 Camera.
Polaroid introduces one-step instant photography with the SX-70 camera.
National Inventors Hall of Fame.
Pioneers George Eastman and Edwin Land are inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
Auto focus Camera.
Konica introduces the first point-and-shoot auto focus camera.
Capturing Moving Picture.
Sony demonstrates first consumer camcorder for capturing moving picture.
Digital Electronic still Camera.
Canon demonstrates first digital electronic still camera.
Digital Imaging Processor.
Pixar introduces the digital imaging processor.
Digital Image Storage Medium.
Eastman Kodak announces Photo Compact Disc as a digital image storage medium.
The VP-210 Visual Phone
Kyocera Corporation introduces the VP-210 Visual Phone, the world's first mobile phone with built-in camera for recording videos and still photos.