History of Photography

By rosston
  • "Sun Writing"

    "Sun Writing"
    Developed by Joseph Niephore Niepce, lithography was another technique to reproduce images. Images were reproduced on a flat (stone) surface; the surface was able to hold the necessary ink and repel the excess. It could produce multiple prints and there was in an artistic effect in the final prints.
  • The Experiments of Wedgwood and Davy

    The Experiments of Wedgwood and Davy
    Thomas Wedgwood and Humphry Davy were two scientists who experimented with light-sensitive materials. They wanted to fix the image of an object's shadow on light-sensitive material or capture images formed in a camera obscura. The photographic imprints that they managed to gather were not permanent because the silver nitrate reacted to light until the surface darkened. Though, they were not very successful, their efforts were recognized in the scientific field.
  • Niepce and Daguerre: Improving Photography

    They were meant to work together to improve the photographic process, but due to their differences they did not. In the end, Daguerre seemingly stabbed Niepce in the back by not following through with his promise and taking Niepce's research when he past in 1833.
  • The Stereograph

    The Stereograph
    The Stereograph was photograph production technique invented by Charles Wheatstone that gave the illusion of depth using two images when a stereoscope was used.
  • The Latent Image

    The Latent Image
    From experimenting with Niepce's work, Daguerre created the latent image; an image developed through a chemical process where images were treated after exposure to bring out the image more.
  • Invention of Photgraphy

    In this year, the invention of photography was announced.
  • Photography Spread in America

    Daguerre's instruction manual was distributed throughout the United States.
  • Cliche Verre

    Cliche Verre was invented by British engravers and French image-makers. It was a method in which an artist would scratch an image into a coated glass photographic plate with a sharp stylus and many prints could be made from the plate.
  • The Calotype

    The Calotype
    The Calotype is a photographic process invented by William Henry Fox Talbot. Different from the Daguerreotype, it produced a negative from which many prints could be made. It is important to note that his creation was original and that had made photographs prior to 1839.
  • Microscopic Photography

    Microscopic Photography
    A physicist and mathematician, Andreas Ritter von Ettingshausen and Leon Foucalt a medical student produced 86 microscopic daguerreotypes.
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    The Mexican-American War

    The Mexican-American War changed journalism with the use of photography in the booming media. Newspapers were printed very fast and recently taken photographs were reproduced to show what the war was like. It is important to remember that war photography was still manipulated, like the photo of a sergeant who had been operated on (1847).
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    First Daguerreotypes of Native Americans

    Photography were seen as the truth by most everyone during this time which caused a big problem, evident in early photography which eliminates the idea that photos and photographers are bias. Photos like the one used simply do not tell the full story. The subject in the photo was actually posed to appear brave and stoic while the plain background was chosen to accentuate that.
  • Anthropological Photography

    Doctors like Robert Sommer and Hugh Welch Diamond used photography as tool to help them perform medical studies like common features of patients with a particular diagnosis. On the other hand, some people would use photographs of people to "rank" races; exposing the bead side of manipulation in photography.
  • Color Photos

    Color Photos
    To get colored photographs, photographers had to paint directly onto the daguerreotype with a thin paint brush. They did such with extreme detail, applying warm color to complexions. For clothing they would have to be more precise to not ruin the texture of them too.
  • Collodion Process

    Collodion Process
    Invented by Frederick Scott, the Collodion Process is a wet plate process with a new negative and positive process. Glass plates were sensitized to light with a sticky substance called collodion mixed with light-sensitive silver salts.
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    The Photographic Society of London

    The Photographic Society of London influenced the creation of many other photographic societies, publications, and exchange clubs which published journals like theirs. These groups created commentators and critics who specialized in reviewing work for publications outside of their network (magazines and newspapers). All in all, they not only expanded the art community but the industry as well.
  • Anna Atkins

    Anna Atkins
    Anna Atkins is responsible for meshing photography and science using John Hershcel's techniques to make science an aesthetic.
  • The Carte-De-Visite (Card Photograph)

    The Carte-De-Visite (Card Photograph)
    The carte-de-visite was created by French photographer, Andre Adolph Eugene Disderi. It was a small portrait photograph pasted on the back of a postcard (or visiting card). However, there was a little more to it, the carte-de-visite camera had more than one lens and eight images of the subject could be exposed on one photographic plate. In addition to this, it was cheap and was widely accepted in photography.
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    Women in Photography

    It was not very common for women to be photographers in the 19th century. Photographers like Harriet C. Tyler were belittled. They were treated as though they were amateurs despite their work looking far from it. Being dismissed by the industry, women founded their own formal societies and exchange clubs.
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    American Civil War

    During the American Civil War, photographers were sent into to the field. Images taken during this war often depicted the battle itself. Not many photos of the troops day to day lives. War photography was more focused on sensationalizing the violence experienced.
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    The Paris Commune

    Photography was used to document the events of the Paris Commune. For instance, French photographer Bruno Braquehais used a variety of photography genres to capture what was happening in Paris at the time.
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    The Kodak Camera

    The Kodak Camera began manufacturing in 1888; it was a simple film camera marketed toward families because of how easy they made the process of taking photos and developing them. Their cameras were typically used for taking personal photos. The production of Kodak Cameras reduced the number of professional photographers and blurred the lines between casualty and truth.
  • The Daguerreotype

    The Daguerreotype
    One of the first methods used to develop photographs in the 19th century. Created by Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre; this technique required use of silver to make an image. The images produced from this were truly unique which means that they could not be printed multiple times.
  • Experimenting With Photography

    In the 1940s, people began playing with the many different ways that photography could be used; the most popular being as a science.