The history of photography

  • 500 BCE

    Camera Obscura

    Camera Obscura
    Was a tool used by some artist that allowed them to easily draw or paint realistic landscapes and rendering of architecture .
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  • 1400

    Early optics

    Early optics
    Near the start of the 16th century the amazing artist, scientist, and inventor Leonardo da Vinci sketched out diagrams and wrote instructions about the camera obscura.but instead of holes he used glass
  • Developing a Film Timeline

    Developing a Film Timeline
    Johannes Kepler gets credited with coining the term photograph for drawing with light in 1604. He was referring to using telescopic optics to protect an image onto a sheet of paper or canvas to draw stars.
  • Silver nitrate

    Silver nitrate
    In 1717, Johann Heinrich Schulze showed that a solution of silver nitrate darkens when exposed to light. The problem then was how to stop the solution from continuing to darken to light.
  • First Photograph

    First Photograph
    It was just one in a series of experiments, but View from the Window at Le Gras is the earliest surviving photograph. Nicéphore Niépce used a sheet of metal with a film of chemicals spread on it.Though light-sensitive, it wasn’t very sensitive. It took 8 hours to record the image. You can see sunlight illuminating both sides of the buildings. From here on, the timeline of photography moves rapidly.
  • Daguerreotype

    Around this time, the word photography began to be used to describe this new industry. From 1839 on, the popular metal plate process known as daguerreotype opened up this mix of art and technology to the masses.
  • Enter the Camera

    Enter the Camera
    Photographers of this era generally used cameras designed and made by themselves or skilled craftsmen, adapting lenses made by optical manufacturers to use photographically. Early in the camera timeline of the history of photography were optical companies such as Zeiss, Leitz, and others starting to design lenses specifically for photography. Voightlander went a step beyond and introduced a camera for metal plates in 1841.
  • Photojournalism

    In addition to its scientific uses and all the art produced, photography also made its way into the news. The June Days 1848 workers revolt in France, the Crimean War of 1853 - 1856, and the US Civil War of 1861 - 1865 thrust photographic images of war into the public view.
  • Celluloid Roll Film

    Celluloid Roll Film
    Metal and glass plates were fragile, cumbersome and hard to work with, and somewhat costly for the average person. A more accessible method continued to be looked for by photographers.A combination of two technologies, silver halides and celluloid based emulsions continued getting improved upon.

    George Eastman of Rochester, New York had an idea. Use this new roll film, build a simple, easy-to-use camera, and market it as a fun use product. In the history of photography, Eastman was a master of marketing photography to the masses. “You push the button, we do the rest.”
  • Moving Pictures

    Moving Pictures
    The question of how best to capture subjects in motion was first successfully answered by Eadweard Muybridge in response to settling a bet about horses hooves and galloping. The things that move technology! In short time, cameras and accompanying projects were invented to film continuous motion and display them by means of projecting onto a large screen. Later innovations such as sound recording get added in as well in due course.
  • 35mm Film and the Leica

    35mm Film and the Leica
    The movie cameras transported 35mm film through the cameras vertically, with an image frame of 18x24mm. In 1913, Oskar Barnack, an engineer at Leitz, designed a prototype still camera that transported the film horizontally, producing a 24x36mm image frame. By 1925, the Leica I was introduced and became a commercial success. In time, the 24x36mm format became one of the most produced and used image formats in all of photography. This still holds true in digital cameras today.
  • Color!

    Kodacolor is introduced. It was the first color film that made negatives for making chromogenic color prints on paper. Today, most films and papers used for color photography are chromogenic.
  • 35mm SLRs

    35mm SLRs
    In 1957, the first eye-level viewing single-lens reflex camera with an instant return mirror was introduced by Asahi Optical of Japan, called the Pentax. The year 1959 saw the release of the Nikon F, a professional-caliber 35mm SLR with an entire system of lenses, motor drives, and other accessories surrounding it.
  • Phones

    1997 - First cell phones with integrated cameras start appearing but are not publicly available. 2000 - First publicly available cell phone appears - J-SH04 by J-Phone.