Dsc 1401

History Of Photography

  • Feb 15, 1560

    Camera Obscura

    This means Dark Chamber in Latin. Originally, this was a darkened room with a small opening in one wall, when the light would goes through the hole it produces outside images on the wall. The image was then traced.
  • Portable Reflex Camera Obsucra

    Portable Reflex Camera Obsucra
    This was the same as a camera obscura but shrunken down to a portable box.
  • First Permanent Photograph

    First Permanent Photograph
    Niépce captured this photo, he was a Frenchman and took it from his balcony. It was considered a heliograph. This process involved a polished pewter plate coated with bitumen of Judea, which was a substance that hardens when exposed to light. This meant you had to wash away this substance to obtain the image. This exposure process took a long time. For this certain picture, it took 8 hours.
  • Daguerreotype

    This was invented by Louis Jacques Daguerre who was a French artist/chemist. The process was based on a highly polished silver surface which was plated on copper, the silver was sensitized by iodine crystals. The picture was made visible by heating mercury, which we now know was very dangerous. Was the first practical process, combining silver, iodine, and mercury to get alloy which made the images. It had improved detail and one of a kind. The exposure was about 45 minutes, so not as long.
  • Calotype

    This was the first successful negative/positive photographic process. It produced an image on paper and was invented by Talbot. This was also the first reproducible photographic process.
  • Cartes de Vistas

    Cartes de Vistas
    These were small pictures exposed one part at a time. They were very popular and used as album photos in the mid 1800s. They were usually in-expensive and were usually portraits of people.
  • Collodion Wet-Plate

    Collodion Wet-Plate
    This was transparent/syrupy solution of pyroxylin which was dissolved in ether and alcohol which was the basis of the wet-plate process with two types.Ambrotype is when the emulsion was coated on a glass plate.Negative image was visible as a positive image when the glass was backed with dark material.The tintype is when the emulsion is put onto a dark metal plate and creates a positive image.You had to expose the plate while it was still wet.It only needed a few seconds of exposure though.
  • First Panoramic Camera

    First Panoramic Camera
    In 1859 Sutton patented the Panoramic Camera.
  • First Colored Photograph

    First Colored Photograph
    The first permanent color photograph made by the three-colored method suggested by James Clerk Maxwell in 1855, taken in 1861 by Thomas Sutton. This was where he used a "color seperation" method, he shot three black and white images using a red, gree, and bue filter. He then projected the three images registered with their corresponding filters overlapping them to create a color image.
  • Gelatin Dry Plate Silver Bromide Process

    Gelatin Dry Plate Silver Bromide Process
    Richard Leach Maddox was the inventor of this process, this meant that negatives did not have to be developed immediately.
  • Roll Film

    Roll Film
    George Eastman invented film that came in a roll, protected from light by a length of paper wound around the film. This loosely applies to any film packaged in a roll rather than in flat sheets. He later patented this in 1888.
  • Brownie Camera

    Brownie Camera
    First mass-marketed camera. It was a basic cardboard box with a simple meniscus lens. It took a 2¼-inch square picture on 117 rollfilm.
  • First 35mm Camera

    First 35mm Camera
    Invented by Oskar Barnack this camera became the basis for all film cameras. This film was ideal for just abiout anything, it was standard for motion pictures.
  • Enlargers

    The first type of modern enlarger were used in 1921. Before that they had been horizontal basically lantern slide projectors. Enlargers are a tool to produce photographic prints from film or glass negatives, or from transparencies. It allows the negatives to be enlarged onto a paper as a fina print.
  • Kodachrome

    In 1912 Siegrist and Fisher developed the first subtractive color photography process, which became the basis for Kodachrome. This was a non-substantive, color reversal film introduced by Eastman Kodak in 1935. It was one of the first successful color materials used for many types of photgraphy.
  • First Polaroid Camera

    First Polaroid Camera
    Edwin Land invented the Polaroid camera which could take a picture and print it in about one minute.
  • Kodak's Point and Shoot Camera

    Kodak's Point and Shoot Camera
    Kodak introduces the Instamatic line, the first point-and-shoot cameras. This was a viewfinder film camera with a 43mm lens. It also held a 126film cartridge. The button on the front released a pop-up flash holder which had one peanut flashbulb.
  • First Photo of Earth

    First Photo of Earth
    Kodak was responsible for creating the 65mm film and photographic subsystem for the camera sent into space. They built 8 of these and 5 successfully made one way trips around the orbiter spacecraft in 1966-1967.
  • Kodak's Space Camera

    Kodak's Space Camera
    This was a 65mm film and photographic subsystem sent into space that took the first picture of earth created by Kodak.
  • First Digital Camera

    First Digital Camera
    Created by Eastman Kodak named Steve Sasson. It was 8 pounds, it was sort of a Rube Goldberg device and lens was from a Super-8 movie camera. It had a portable digital cassette recorder; 16 nickel cadmium batteries; an analog/digital converter; and several dozen circuits. Which all wired together on half a dozen circuit boards. Later they invented a better one in 1989, that was the basic model for a US patent 1991.
  • Polaroid One step

    Polaroid One step
    The Polaroid OneStep Land camera is invented in 1977. This was a ixed-focus camera and inexpensive, it became the best-selling camera, instant or conventional, in the US.
  • Auto Focus Camera

    Auto Focus Camera
    Konica introduces the first point-and-shoot, autofocus camera Konica C35 AF. It was named “Jasupin”.
  • CamCorder

    Sony Mavica was the worlds first digital electronic still camera. This camera recorded images into a mini disk and then put them into a video reader. Images could be displayed to a television monitor or color printer.
  • Disposable Cameras (single-use)

    Disposable Cameras (single-use)
    Invented by Fuji, these cameras were meant for a single use. You would take the pictures and have the film brought in to be developed. Eventually, they even created underwater cameras.
  • Digital Cameras

    Digital Cameras
    Kodak released the first professional digital camera system (DCS) which was of a great use for photojournalists. It was a modified Nikon F-3 camera with a 1.3 megapixel sensor. The ones most of the public had could afford were what they could use at home with a computer via a serial cable were the Apple QuickTake 100 camera.
  • Kodak DCS 200

    Kodak DCS 200
    This was Kodak's first professional digital camera. It also had integrated image storage.
  • First Camera Phone

    First Camera Phone
    Japan releases first phone that has built in camera.
  • Canon EOS 5D

     Canon EOS 5D
    First consumer-priced full-frame digital SLR with a 24x36mm CMOS sensor. SLR stands for a single lens reflex. You can see exactly what the lens sees. This is better for action photography and since it was digital had better quality pictures.
  • Iphones

    There is much debate on which phone has the best camera but majorrity seem to think it is the iphone. Throughout the years Iphoen cameras have gotten better from adding a front facing cmaera to adding panormic cameras. The newest additon would be the portrait option on the iphone 7s. This allows you to focus on a main subject while the rest is blurry. The cameras are just about an autofocus. You can take videos, slowmotiion, time lapses, and regular. There are multipple advantages to the iphone.
  • Instant Digital Camera

    Instant Digital Camera
    Invented by Polaroid, the Z340 instant digital camera was a digital camera with an intergrated printer. It instantly transfromed a digital picture into 3x4 prints.
  • Instax Mini 8

    Instax Mini 8
    This was invented by Fuji, it is a basic point and shoot camera but develops like an old school polorid. The pioctures come out instantly in color film on 62 x 64mm film. Later they released a Instax Mini 90 in 2013, and an Instax Mini 70 in 2015.
  • Polaroid Z2300

    Polaroid Z2300
    This digital camera was an add on to the Z340 instant digital camera. However this one uses ZINK Zero Ink Printing Technology to print to print 2x3" photos with sticky backs instantly.