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2020 - Sofía Vázquez López - Digital Photography - Unit 3 Lab Dropbox

  • 1200

    Roger Bacon

    Roger Bacon
    Roger Bacon (XIII century) perfects the camera obscura located in front of the hole, an inclined mirror to project the images vertically on a horizontal screen.
  • Period: 1200 to

    PERIOD 1: 13TH CENTURY TO 16TH CENTURY - CAMERA OBSCURA

  • 1521

    Lorenzo Cesariano

    Lorenzo Cesariano
    Lorenzo Cesariano (disciple of Da Vinci) in 1521 began to experiment with the darkroom (the main antecedent of photography).
  • Period: to

    PERIOD 2: Camera Almost Ready - FIRST PHOTO CAMERAS 17TH CENTURY TO 19TH CENTURY

    1- Until 1800, photography was recognized as a science.
    2- In 1886, an important movement arises that is attributed to Alfred Stieglitz, aimed at the recognition of photography as an art.
  • Camera Almost Ready : Still cannot be fixed.

    In the 1685 the camera was almost ready but it was still not possible to get the images to be fixed.
  • TYPES OF CAMERAS IN THE 19TH CENTURY

    TYPES OF CAMERAS IN THE 19TH CENTURY
  • THE FIRST PHOTOGRAPHY

    THE FIRST PHOTOGRAPHY
    Joseph Nicéphore Niépce (1824) invents the photographic process called heliography (captures the image on a silver plate).
    The first photograph in history was taken in the courtyard of his house.
  • FIRST CAMERA

    FIRST CAMERA
    The first photographic camera is attributed to the invention of the French brothers, Charles and Vincent Chevalier, who made the camera made of wood for Joseph Niepce in 1826.
  • the daguerreotype

    the daguerreotype
    Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre (1838) invented the daguerreotype (the first procedure with a development stage). With him the photography officially begins.
  • William Henry Fox Talbot

    William Henry Fox Talbot
    William Henry Fox Talbot (1841) invents the calotype (first negative / positive procedure) that allows creating multiple positive impressions in one session.
  • The accordion-like bellows camera

    The accordion-like bellows camera
    Sergei Lvovich Levitsky (1847) creates the accordion-like bellows camera that makes it easier to focus on a subject.
  • PERIOD 2: 19TH CENTURY: the most popular or relevant photographic styles used during this period

    PERIOD 2: 19TH CENTURY: the most popular or relevant photographic styles used during this period
    PHOTODOCUMENTAL
    Born to document events. As early as 1850, war reports were made that included images. Some examples of documentary photography: those taken by a surgeon before and after a surgical intervention, a family album (where all the members of the family tree are documented for several generations), photographs taken in an artistic exhibition, etc.
  • PERIOD 2: 19TH CENTURY: the most important representatives of the Documentary photography

    PERIOD 2: 19TH CENTURY: the most important representatives of the Documentary photography
    Documentary photography, in addition to being art, is also important for the Society because it becomes a way of reporting.
    Marriage Becher: one of the most important representatives of the photo documentary.
    Famous photojournalists such as Robert Capa, Alfred Eisenstaedt, Erich Salomon, Margaret Bourke-White and W. Eugene Smith.
    Henri Cartier-Bresson is considered the father of photographic journalism.
    Robert Capa.
  • Richard Maddox

    Richard Maddox
    Richard Maddox (1871) uses gelatin to make photographic negatives and this allowed the development of a dry plate technique.
  • Artistic trend associated in the 19TH CENTURY: Pictorialism

    Artistic trend associated in the 19TH CENTURY: Pictorialism
    It's a photographic movement with artistic pretensions that develops worldwide (although mainly in Europe, the United States and Japan) between the end of the 1880s and the end of the First World War. The name of the movement derives from the English term picture (image, painting, painting, photography) and not from paint, which is why it is wrong to speak of pictorial or pictorial photography, terms that would refer to academic photography, current that it is very related to painting.
  • Georges Eastman (1888)

    Georges Eastman (1888)
    He created a dry gel on paper or film. He was the founder of Kodak. Plates and chemicals were removed to take a picture. In 1888, a Kodak camera was introduced to the market.
  • Georges Eastman (1888)

    Georges Eastman (1888)
  • Georges Eastman (1888)

    Georges Eastman (1888)
  • Kodak Brownies

    Kodak Brownies
    Kodak Brownies hit the market in the early 1900s.
  • Kodak Brownies

    Kodak Brownies
  • PERIOD 3: 20TH CENTURY

    PERIOD 3: 20TH CENTURY
    Artistic trend associated with this period:
    1- Stieglitz opens an art gallery in the 20th century, where photographs are exhibited as pieces of art. Some of the famous photographers of this era were: Man Ray, Paul Strand, Clarence White, Edward Weston, Berenice Abbot, Ansel Adams and Edward Steichen, among others.
    Lazlo Moholy-Nagy, Félix Tournachon Nadar, David Octavius Hill and Disderi
  • Photography trends in the 20th century

    Photography trends in the 20th century
    2-Direct photography. Straight Photography
    Direct Photography was a movement that sought to vindicate photography as an artistic medium, without preparing or intervening the subject to be represented in the images.
    At the beginning of the 20th century, the goal was to obtain results through strictly photographic means.
  • Photography trends in the 20th century

    Photography trends in the 20th century
    2-Direct photography. Straight Photography
    Photography was finally accepted as a legitimate artistic medium.
    Photographers who followed this new trend, captured images outdoors with short exposure times. They also allowed their models to pose by themselves, unlike the forced postures of pictorial photography.
    Its initiators were the photographers Alfred Stieglitz and Paul Strand.
  • Artistic theme of photography associated with the 20th century

    Artistic theme of photography associated with the 20th century
    Strobe photography
    It's a photographic technique that allows you to capture different phases of movement in a single image, in a single photograph, in infinitesimal fractions of a second. It is a technique used to photograph events that occur at high speed, making it impossible to observe them with the naked eye. It is also used as an artistic technique making multiple flash shots, during the different places of movement of the object to be photographed, in the same frame.
  • Strobe photography

    Strobe photography
  • Period: to

    PERIOD 3: 20TH CENTURY

  • The brothers Auguste and Louis Lumière (1906)

    The brothers Auguste and Louis Lumière (1906)
    The brothers Auguste and Louis Lumière (1906) patented one of the first photographic color processes known as Autochrome Lumière: trichromy on a single plate. They discover color photography.
  • Photography trends in the 20th century

    Photography trends in the 20th century
    3-New objectivity. Neue Sachlichkeit
    This movement appeared in the mid-1920s: to constitute photography as a practice endowed with its own technical, optical and formal laws. At the same time the New Vision, disseminated by Moholi-Nagy and the Bauhaus, and the New photography are developed. The work of Karl Blossfeldt, Albert Renger-Patzsch and Alexander Rodchenko fall within this broad current. What it is about is not so much to reproduce reality as to portray its essence.
  • Photography trends in the 20th century

    Photography trends in the 20th century
    3-New objectivity. Neue Sachlichkeit
    In this sense, August Sander focuses his work on documenting his time using sociological categories. In 1929 he published a preview of Men of the 20th century, a photographic work with which he tried to portray the German social order through population groups: farmers, artists, bricklayers, musicians, bureaucrats, dancers, industrialists, secretaries, etc.
  • Photography trends in the 20th century

    Photography trends in the 20th century
    4-Photographic surrealism
    Surrealism, founded by André Breton in 1924, held that sight was the preferred sense and always preferred photography. Rayograms or photomontages by Man Ray, Brassaï, Paul Nougé or André Kertész expanded the limits of photography. Something similar can be said about Dadaism, which was founded in the Cabaret Voltaire in Zurich in 1916 and spread throughout France and Germany.
  • Photography trends in the 20th century

    Photography trends in the 20th century
    4-Photographic surrealism
    The photomontages of John Heartfield, Hannah Höch or Raoul Asuman frequently expressed a social and political criticism very typical of the time that would end up being truncated after the Second World War.
  • Oskar Barnack

    Oskar Barnack
    Oskar Barnack created 35mm film and built his first prototype of a 35mm camera, the Ur-Leica (1925).
  • Oskar Barnack

    Oskar Barnack
  • Photography trends in the 20th century

    Photography trends in the 20th century
    1-Candid photography. Live photo
    Erich Salomon (1925) created a documentary photography style known as candid photography. His photos are characterized by showing the subjects spontaneously, without pose or arrangement, often surprised by the photographer.
  • PERIOD 3: 20TH CENTURY

    PERIOD 3: 20TH CENTURY
    The most popular or relevant photographic styles used during this period:
    Between 1930 and 1950, modern photojournalism was born.
    Erich Salomon: the most famous reporter photographer of the time. He created the “candida” photo (the photographer went unnoticed when taking the photo, it was natural without poses).
  • the most popular or relevant photographic styles used during this period.

    the most popular or relevant photographic styles used during this period.
    Between 1930 and 1950, modern photojournalism was born.
  • PERIOD 3: 20TH CENTURY: the most popular or relevant photographic styles used during this period

    PERIOD 3: 20TH CENTURY: the most popular or relevant photographic styles used during this period
    Between 1930 and 1950, modern photojournalism was born.
  • PERIOD 3: 20TH CENTURY: one artistic theme associated with this period.

    PERIOD 3: 20TH CENTURY: one artistic theme associated with this period.
    Photography and propaganda
    Photography in propaganda was born in the interwar period (the two world wars), with the great leaders and regimes of the time. Before 1933, photos of political leaders like Mussolini, Stalin, and Hitler became very important elements in propaganda. Some contributors are: Georg Grosz, John Heartfield, Felix H. Man, Jannes E. Abbe.
  • L. Mannès and L. Godowsky (1935)

    L. Mannès and L. Godowsky (1935)
    L. Mannès and L. Godowsky (1935): improved the procedure. Bought by Kodak, it took the name Kodachrome (16mm color film).
  • Kodachrome

    Kodachrome
    Kodachrome is the brand name for a color reversal film introduced by Eastman Kodak in 1935. It was one of the first successful color materials and was used for both cinematography and still photography. For many years Kodachrome was widely used for professional color photography, especially for images intended for publication in print media.
  • The tri-chromium principle

    The tri-chromium principle
    The tri-chromium principle was taken up by the Agfa Company and Agfacolor (1936) films, composed of three superimposed layers sensitive to blue, green and red, are released on the market.
  • Polaroid (1938)

    Polaroid (1938)
    Polaroid (1938): The Polaroid brand is created. In 1948 instant photography with the Polaroid camera was born (it reveals an image in 60 seconds).
  • Photography trends in the 20th century

    Photography trends in the 20th century
    6-Street photography. Street Photography
    It was deployed in the United States, and connects with the photography that Weggee took in the 1940s and that Robert Frank, William Klein, Garry Winogrand, Lee Friedlander or Diane Arbus otherwise took with different cameras.
  • Photography trends in the 20th century

    Photography trends in the 20th century
    6-Street photography. Street Photography
    These last three photographers related to what has been called Photographic Essay and who, as a result of the exhibition New Documents, organized by John Szarkowski in 1967 at the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York, will become the highest representatives of the Street photography.
  • Photography trends in the 20th century

    Photography trends in the 20th century
    6-Street photography. Street Photography
    The acid and unceremonious gaze of the latter contrasts with the humanist style represented by Edward Steichen and the grandiose exhibition The Family of Man organized by MOMA in 1955. The last decades of the 20th century have witnessed the enormous capacity for renewal of documentary photography , both in its themes and in its aesthetic proposals.
  • Photography trends in the 20th century

    Photography trends in the 20th century
    5-Subjective photography. Subjective photography
    After the world war, he appeared in Germany, with the aim of vindicating the creative personality of the photographer. This approach, with very blurred borders, will dominate the German photographic scene of the 1960s. Prepared, conceptual or performance photography in turn make up different ways of standing behind the camera.
  • Steven Sasson (1975)

    Steven Sasson (1975)
    Steven Sasson (1975) creates the first digital camera (creates still images through) a CDD
  • Photoshop (1990)

    Photoshop (1990)
    Photoshop (1990): program to edit and retouch images.
  • first digital camera

    first digital camera
    It was in 1990 when the digitization of photography began with the first digital camera launched by the Kodak brand. This was the starting point for the commercialization of digital photography.
  • Screen Camera (1995)

    Screen Camera (1995)
    Screen Camera (1995) - The first commercial digital camera with an integrated LCD screen.
  • The first mobile phone with a camera (2000).

    The first mobile phone with a camera (2000).
  • Period: to

    PERIOD 4: 21TH CENTURY

  • The EOS 300D a 6mp SRL (2003)

    The EOS 300D a 6mp SRL (2003)
    Canon creates the EOS 300D a 6MP SRL (2003): this digital camera surpasses the quality of analog cameras.
  • digital camera 2003

    digital camera 2003
  • End of Analog Production (2006)

    End of Analog Production (2006)
    End of Analog Production (2006): Nikon announces the end of production for analog cameras.
  • Artistic trend associated with 21st century

    Postphotography and art
    Post-photography is similar to writing.
    Written language is a sequence of signs. That is, first we put a letter, then another, until we finish a text. The same is true in digital photography. It is made of a numerical sequence that forms a network of modifiable and combinable pixels. The ability to control each pixel leads to the rapprochement between the pictorial image and the digital image.
  • Artistic trend associated with 21TH CENTURY

    Postphotography and art
    Post-photography is similar to writing.
    Chemical photographs represent subjects. The digital concepts.
    Postphotography, more than the art of light ... It is the art of lucidity.
  • Current mobile phone with camera

    Current mobile phone with camera
  • Artistic trends / themes in photography in the 21st century

    Artistic trends / themes in photography in the 21st century
    5 trends in photography that are marking 2020
    Trends in photography are a great influence on the digital and design world, since the image is a very important element in the content of a company or personal brand.
    1- Minimalism
    The complexity of simplicity has always been a key piece in photography. Today, many photographers are experimenting with the minimalist style and the variations that this style can have.
  • Artistic trends / themes in photography in the 21st century

    Artistic trends / themes in photography in the 21st century
    2- 360 ° photography.
    360 ° photography is a big photography trend in 2020, especially on travel-related or landscape-style blogs. With specialized devices, you can get professional results by trying 360 ° photos.
  • Artistic trends / themes in photography in the 21st century

    Artistic trends / themes in photography in the 21st century
    3- Facial expressions
    The details and direct facial expressions have begun to captivate and be a trend on social networks such as Instagram. These photographs establish a connection with the person who looks at them.
  • Artistic trends / themes in photography in the 21st century

    Artistic trends / themes in photography in the 21st century
    4- Vertical photos
    Vertical photography is a trend that has come from vertical video. The formats of social networks and cell phone cameras have allowed this trend not to envy the quality of horizontal photographs.
  • Artistic trends / themes in photography in the 21st century

    Artistic trends / themes in photography in the 21st century
    5- Expressive images with bold colors
    Photography has always been a form of self-expression, but 2020 may bring that expression a new intensity. Stickers and drawing tools inside social networks like Snapchat could be a major influencer of the trend.