Nmah 2006 7472

Photography History

  • Silver Nitrate Created

    Silver Nitrate Created
    Thomas Wedgewood and SIr Humphry Davy created silver nitrate which was a light sensitive chemical that when exposed to light would darken giving a photograph. Unfortunately they had not devised a way to stop the exposure so all prints went completely dark if not kept in an obscure place and only seen for a few moments by candle light. Photo Credit
  • Period: to

    Lewis & Clark Expedition

    Lewis and Clark went out on an expedition to explore the west and find a route to the Pacific Ocean after the purchase of the Louisiana Territory.
  • Closing the Slave Trade

    Closing the Slave Trade
    Congress passed the bill that made importing slaves illegal. This did not stop this hanus act though because between 1808 and 1860, more than 250,000 slaves were illegally imported.
  • First Pharmacy College

    First Pharmacy College
    Philadelphia College of Apothecaries is founded in 1821.
  • First Surviving Photograph

    First Surviving Photograph
    Nicéphore Niépce created the first surviving photograph of a courtyard. It took an 8 hour exposure on a Pewter Plate covered in Bitumen of Judea. He used a Camera Lucida. Photo Credit:http://100photos.time.com/photos/joseph-niepce-first-photograph-window-le-gras
  • Stereographs

    The Stereographic was created in 1830 but didn't become popularized until after the Great Exhibition in 1851. Alexander Gardener did use the Stereographic during the Civil war. Other photographers also making sure that they got the best 3D effect they could.
  • The Trail of Tears

    The Trail of Tears
    President Jackson executed the "Indian Removal Act" which had tens of thousands of Native Americans forcefully removed from their homeland because he wanted the white settlers to be able to have economic prosperity while farming the land the "savages" lived on. The 5 tribes, Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Choctaw, and Chickasaw were made to move out to what is now Oklahoma. Over 4,000 died. Photo Credit
  • The Daguerreotype

    The Daguerreotype
    Louis-Jacques Mande Daguerre created a Daguerreotype. This was the first camera that gave a detailed image on polished copper which was coated with silver. These plates could produce a positive or negative image and were most popular in America. Photo Credit: http://www.photographyhistoryfacts.com/photography-development-history/daguerreotype/
  • Calotype

    Henry Fox-Talbot created the Calotype in 1835 but announced it in 1839 after the Daguerreotype was announced. Due to this, it was not deemed the first camera. The Calotype is the first negative to positive photographic process that became the basis of what photography has become today. Photo Credit: https://www.ssplprints.com/image/99601/moffat-j-william-henry-fox-talbot-english-pioneer-of-photography-c-1860s
  • Cyanotype Process Created

    Cyanotype Process Created
    Sir John Herschel discovered Cyanotype in 1842. This type of print is easy to know because of it's Prussian blue background with white shadows. These shadows are created by setting an object on the paper and exposing it to the sunlight or UV rays.
  • First Photographic Book

    First Photographic Book
    Anna Atkins created the first photographic book titled "Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions." This process is where the object is laid out on the light sensitive paper and the object blocks the light leaving white where the object laid. This gives great detail.
  • Disruption of the Church Of Scotland

    Disruption of the Church Of Scotland
    Robert Adamson and David Hill set up and took the Disruption of the Church of Scotland which had 450 ministers signing the separation of church from Scotland so they could worship freely.
    Photo Credit
  • The Telegraph

    The Telegraph
    Samuel Morse developed the telegraph in 1844 which changed the world forever with long distance communications.
  • Donner Party

    Donner Party
    The Donner party had departed and gotten stranded on theway to California in the Serra Mountains. Stuck in the 20 snow they had to result in cannibalism to survive.
  • Telephone Invented

    Telephone Invented
    Antonio Meucci, an Italian immigrant, developed a design called the telephone where you could talk to another person instead of tapping out a message like the telegraph. Although Alexander Bell patented his design, Meucci made it first.
  • Albumen Silver Prints

    Albumen Silver Prints
    Louis Désiré Blanquart-Evrard created the Albumen Silver Print process in which the paper is floated on egg whites and silver chloride. It was the most popular between 1850-90 because it was cheap, precise and had the ability to be mass produced. Photo Credit
  • Wet Plate Collodion Process

    Wet Plate Collodion Process
    Frederick Scott Archer created the Wet Collodian Process in 1851. This process coats a glass plate with liquid iodide and collodian (cellulose nitrate) that takes anywhere from 20 seconds to five minutes for exposure. Photo Credit
  • Ambrotype

    James Ambrose Cutting created the Ambrotype which was a wet glass plate negative created by the wet collodion process that could be seen by backing it with black paper. It was created in 1854 and was a one of a kind. Photo Credit
  • Crimean War/ Valley of the Shadow of Death

    Crimean War/ Valley of the Shadow of Death
    The Crimean War was the first to be documented by photographs by photographer Roger Fenton. He took the famous photo Valley of the Shadow of Death which is a battle field where he altered the area to show people at home that war was.
  • Tin Types

    Tin Types
    A tintype was a variation on the wet collodian positive plate process.
  • Silver Gelatin Process

    Silver Gelatin Process
    The Silver Gelatin emulation is introduced by R. L. Maddox and advances photography by creating the latent print.
  • Roll Holder Created

    Roll Holder Created
    George Eastman created the Roll Holder that held the light sensitive paper on a roll in the camera so that you could take multiple pictures without having to change out glass negatives and immediate developing.
  • Kodak!

    Kodak Camera was invented by George Eastman which commercialized photography and made it so that anyone can use it. The slogan "You press the button, we do the rest" put 1300 cameras in the hands of ametures changing the way we see photography today.
  • Period: to

    Pictorialist Movement

    The Pictoralist movement was the photographers of the world trying to show a more painterly way about the photographs. These photos were usually altered such as Vaseline on the lens, negatives scratched, and short focal length or out of focus.
  • The New York Stock Exchange Collapses

    The New York Stock Exchange Collapses
    A four year depression hits America hard when the New York Stock Exchange Collapses.
  • Cinematographe!

    Lumiere Brothers invent the Cinematographe, a portable motion-picture camera. It recorded at 16 frames a second. They are acredited for showing the first motion picture to a group.