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Photography Technology

  • Period: 760 BCE to 100 BCE

    B.C. - Optics/Lenses

  • 747 BCE

    Babylonian - Lenses

    Babylonian - Lenses
  • 721 BCE

    Layard - Nineah - Lenses

    Layard - Nineah - Lenses
  • 420 BCE

    Greek - Optics

    Greek - Optics
  • Period: 1000 to

    Prior to the 20th Century

  • Isaac Newton - Color Spectrum

    Isaac Newton - Color Spectrum
  • Johann Heinrich Schulze - Sun Prints

    Johann Heinrich Schulze - Sun Prints
    A professor of anatomy, discovered that a piece of chalk dipped in nitrate turned black when exposed to the sun and the other side stayed white.
  • Nicephore Niepce - Heliographic process

    Nicephore Niepce - Heliographic process
    A French inventor. Developed heliography, a technique he used to create the world's oldest surviving product of photographic process: a print made from a photoengraved printing plate.
  • Louis Daguerre

    Louis Daguerre
    A French artist and Photographer. Invented the daguerreotype process, which produces highly detailed permanent photographs on silver-plated sheets of copper.
  • William Henry Talbot - Calotype process

    William Henry Talbot - Calotype process
    Patents the calotype process, the first negative-positive process making possible for multiple copies.
  • Frederick Scott Archer - Collodion Process

    Frederick Scott Archer - Collodion Process
    Images only require two or three seconds of light exposure
  • Andre-Adolphe-Eugene Disderi - calling card mounts

    Andre-Adolphe-Eugene Disderi - calling card mounts
    Uses a camera with multiple lenses that can photograph eight different poses on one large negative.
  • James Clerk Maxwell - color separation

    James Clerk Maxwell - color separation
    Presented a projected additive color image of multicolored ribbon, the first demonstration of color photography. It uses separate black-and-white photographs taken and projected through red, green, and blue color filters.
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes - Stereoscope viewer

    Oliver Wendell Holmes - Stereoscope viewer
  • Eadweard Muybridge - real-time Movie

    Eadweard Muybridge - real-time Movie
    Uses a row of cameras with trip-wires to make high-speed photographic analysis of a galloping horse.
  • George Eastman - Kodak Roll-film Camera

    George Eastman - Kodak Roll-film Camera
    The first easy-to-use camera, is introduced with the slogan, "You press the button, we do the rest."
  • Eastman - Celluloid Roll Film

    The first commercially available transparent celluloid film
  • Gabriel Lippmann - Phenomenon of Interference

    Gabriel Lippmann - Phenomenon of Interference
    A method of reproducing colors photographically based on the phenomenon of interference.
  • Period: to

    20th Century

  • Kodak - 120 Film

    Kodak - 120 Film
  • George Albert Smith - Kinemacolor

    George Albert Smith - Kinemacolor
    A two-color process known as the first commercially successful color photography product
  • 35 MM Still Camera

    First 35mm still camera is developed
  • Kodak - Autographic Film System

    Kodak - Autographic Film System
    Allowed photographers to add written information on the film at the time of exposure.
  • Harold Edgerton - Flash Lamp

    Harold Edgerton - Flash Lamp
    electric arc lamp designed to produce extremely intense, incoherent, full-spectrum white light for very short durations. Used in photography for strobe lighting.
  • Leica - 35mm Format

    Used for still photography
  • General Electric - Flash Bulb

    General Electric invents the modern flash bulb
  • Light Meter

    First light meter with photoelectric cell is introduced
  • 135 Film Cartridge

    135 Film Cartridge
    135 film. The film is 35 mm (1.4 in) wide. Each image is 36×24 mm in the most common "full-frame" format (sometimes called "double-frame" for its relationship to the "single-frame" 35 mm movie format).
  • Kodak - Kodachrome Film

    Eastman Kodak markets Kodachrome film
  • Multi-Layered Color Revesal Film

    Introduction of Kodachrome multi-layered color reversal film. 16mm
  • First 35 mm SLR Camera

    First 35 mm SLR Camera
    IHAGEE introduced the Ihagee KIne Exakta 1 the first 35mm SLR camera
  • Harold Edgerton - Rapatronic Camera

    Harold Edgerton - Rapatronic Camera
    The rapatronic camera (a portmanteau of rapid action electronic) is a high-speed camera capable of recording a still image with an exposure time as brief as 10 nanoseconds. The camera was developed by Harold Edgerton in the 1940s and was first used to photograph the rapidly changing matter in nuclear explosions within milliseconds of ignition, using exposures of several microseconds
  • Kodak - Koda-Color Negative Film

    Eastman Kodak introduces Koda-color negative film
  • Kodacolor

    The first color film that yields negatives for making chromogenic color prints on paper. Roll films for snapshot cameras. (35mm in 1958)
  • Contax S Camera - Pentarprism Eyelevel Viewfinder

    The first 35mm SLR camera with a pentaprism eyelevel viewfinder
  • Kodak - High-Speed Film

    Eastman Kodak introduces high-speed Tri-X film
  • EG & G - Underwater Camera

    EG&G develops extreme underwater camera for U.S. Navy
  • Polaroid - Instant Color Film

  • Fairchild Semiconductor - CCD Chip

    Released the first large image forming CCD chip: 100 rows and 100 columns of pixals
  • Steve Sasson - Kodak - First Digital Camera

    Steve Sasson - Kodak - First Digital Camera
  • Polaroid

    Polaroid introduces one-step instant photography with the SX-70 Camera
  • Konica - point-and-shoot autofocus camera

  • Sony - Digital Camcorder

    Sony demonstrates the first consumer camcorder for capturing moving picture.
  • Canon - digital electronic still camera

  • Pixar - Digital Imaging Processor

  • Kodak - Megapixel Sensor

    Kodak - Megapixel Sensor
    A fingernail sized solid state device capable of recording 1.4 million pixels.
  • JPEG & MPEG Standards Set

  • Fuji - First True digital handheld camera

    Fuji DS - 1P was the first true digital handheld camera that saved pictures on a 16MB SRAM internal memory card.
  • Kodak - Photo Campact Disc

    Eastman Kodak announces Photo Compact Disc as a digital image storage.
  • Digital comes to SLR Cameras

  • Smart Media & Compact Flash Cards

    Smart Media & Compact Flash Cards
  • Nikon - Optical-Stabilized Lens

  • Kyocera Corporation - VisualPhone

    The world's first mobile phone with built-in camera for recording videos and still photos.
  • Mobile Phone Camera

    J-SH04 introduced by J- Phone, the first commercially available mobile phone with a camera that could take and share still pictures.
  • Period: to

    21st Century

  • 111 Megapixel CCD Sensor

    Dalsa produced a 111 megapixel CCD sensor. High resolution
  • FujiFilm - Digital 3D Camera

    FujiFilm - Digital 3D Camera
    Fujifilm launches world's first digital 3D camera with 3D printing capabilities.
  • Kodak - Dicontinuing Kodachrome film

  • Camera Refocusing Images

    Lytro releases the first pocket-size consumer light-field camera that was capable of refocusing an image after it had been taken.
  • Zeal iON - Google Goggles

    Zeal iON - Google Goggles
    Action cams put into goggles. The camera shoots 1080p footage through a 170-degree wide-angle lens and takes 8-megapixel still photos. It auto-adjusts for light conditions and includes sound recording.