The first camera was called ‘Camera Obscura’. It was developed by the Ancient Greek and Ancient Chinese people. It projected images when light passed through it. It was in a small box with a hole in it which had the light pass through it.
Johann Schulze found certain silver salts that turned dark into daylight which darkened the photograph
Carl Scheele found that the photograph darkens because of the grains in the silver salts
Joseph Niepce experimented with silver images. The first successful image was in 1826. He used a polished pewter plate coated with bitumen with exposure turned white. It took 8 hours to develop
Louis Daguerre invented a camera that developed image in 30 minutes using light exposure
Daguerreotypes had a wire loop at the back of the chair which kept the sitters head still during the long exposure times
Calotypes- William Fox Talbot developed a solution which was negative, after being placed in contact with a sheet of light-sensitive paper and changed it back to positive
Louis Desire Blanquart-Evrard made improvements by coating photographs in egg whites
Frederick Scott-Archer invented a way for photos to develop in seconds by creating a way for glass negatives to be prepared called the “Wet Collodion Process”
Dry plates were invented by Richard Maeblox and George Eastman
First Kodak camera developed on paper film then transparent
First mass-marketed camera – the Brownie was presented by Eastman. It was on sale until 1960s.
The Raisecamera (travel camera) was invented. Extreme light weight and small dimensions when it is folded made this photo camera the most desirable thing for landscape photographers
The first 35mm still camera (also called candid camera ) developed by Oskar Barnack of German Leica Camera. Later it became the standard for all film cameras.
Edwin Land invented the Polaroid camera which could take a picture and print it in about one minute.
Polariod released its very first color film
First digital camera was developed by Steven Sasson. The camera took 23 seconds to take a photograph
In 1986 the very first disposable cameras were invented
In 1992 The very first professional camera was invented by kodak
In 2000 the very first telephone with a camera was invented by Samsung
Today, the cameras are more advanced than ever. Professional cameras take very good quality pictures and phones have cameras as well. With every new model cameras and their quality get better.
A.What was society like before the invention was made?
What was society like before the invention was made?
-instead of being able to capture the moment with a simple click of a button , you had to describe what you saw, and paint it although it didn't come out like the original view. This made it very hard to take pictures with people in them because they had to stand for a long time for the artist to get everything right
c,f.Brief description of inventor
Daguerre was born on November 18th, 1787 in Cormeilles, which is near Paris and died on July 10th. He was a french painter and a physicist who invented the first practical process of photography , known as the daguerrotype. He was also known for his dancing and opera.
B.How did the inventor/invention help advance society?
He enabled normal people to document their moments and share it with others, opening a new era of documentation. From invasions, wars, human disasters, victories, social events, and an endless list of other events.
D.Have there been improvements to their invention? How?
Eastman created the Brownie which had the capability of taking snapshots. Twenty years later, Kodak company Retinal I which was cheaper then other models with similar technology. Then 14 years later, the polaroid was invented which had instant gratification capabilities.
E. Give examples of how it was used then and now.
The first camera (Camera Obscura) was used by Nicephore Niepce by using a piece of paper coated with silver chloride, which darkened where it was exposed to light.
G. It's overall hsitorical significance
As camera Obscura technology improved in the 16th century, camera obscuras became portable boxes which incorporated lenses and mirrors, so that the image was reflected onto a viewing surface which was visible outside the box. Portable camera obscuras were used as aids for draughtsmen and painters. They made capturing every moment more easy and simple.