African american history

The History Of African Americans

  • Crispus Attucks Dies In The Boston Massacre

    Crispus Attucks Dies In The Boston Massacre
    Crispus Attucks is one of the first men to die for American Revolution, he was a fugitive slave who had escaped from his master and had worked for twenty years as a merchant seaman.
  • Fugitive Slave Law

    Fugitive Slave Law
    The fugitive slave laws were laws passed by the United States Congress in 1793 and 1850 to provide for the return of slaves who escaped from one state into another state or territory.
  • Nat Turners Rebellion

    Nat Turners Rebellion
    Led by Nat Turner, rebel slaves killed anywhere from 55 to 65 people, the highest number of fatalities caused by any slave uprising in the American South.
  • Amistad Revolt

    Amistad Revolt
    In August 1839, 53 African natives were kidnapped from eastern Africa and sold into the Spanish slave trade. They were then placed aboard a Spanish slave ship bound for Havana, Cuba. They fought back when the time was right.
  • Fugative Slave Act

    Fugative Slave Act
    Fugitive Slave Act was passed by the United States Congress on September 18, 1850, as part of the Compromise of 1850 between Southern slave-holding interests and Northern Free-Soilers.
  • Scott vs. Sanford (day of SC decision)

    Scott vs. Sanford (day of SC decision)
    In a 7–2 decision written by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, the Court denied Scott's request. For only the second time in its history the Supreme Court ruled an Act of Congress to be unconstitutional.
  • John Brown Raid

    John Brown Raid
    was an attempt by the white abolitionist John Brown to start an armed slave revolt in 1859 by seizing a United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry,
  • SC Secedes from the union

    SC Secedes from the union
    secession convention called by the South Carolina legislature voted unanimously, 169-0, to secede from the United States. After the election of Abraham Lincoln on November 6, 1860, South Carolinians perceived a threat to their slave system that Congressional compromise could not pacify.
  • emancipation proclamation

    emancipation proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation was a presidential proclamation issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, as a war measure during the American Civil War, directed to all of the areas in rebellion and all segments of the Executive branch
  • 13th amendment

    13th amendment
    Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime
  • Assassination of Lincoln

    Assassination of Lincoln
    shot on Good Friday, while attending the play Our American Cousin at Ford's Theatre as the American Civil War was drawing to a close.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which grants citizenship to everyone born in the U.S. and subject to its jurisdiction and protects civil and political liberties
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guaranteed the right to vote regardless of race.
  • Plessy V. Ferguson

    Plessy V. Ferguson
    is a landmark United States Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the United States, upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".
  • Phoenix Election riot

    Phoenix Election riot
    Out on the porch, a white man, Thomas P. Tolbert, set up a small box and began taking affidavits from African Americans who, for one reason or another, had not been allowed to vote. Tolbert was a political anomaly. In a state where being white had become almost synonymous with being a Democrat, he was the Republican son of a prominent Republican family. His father, John R. Tolbert, was collector of the port in Charleston, and his brother,
  • Wilmington nc riot

    Wilmington nc riot
    The events of November 10, 1898, were the result of a long-range campaign strategy by Democratic Party leaders to regain political control of Wilmington
  • Rosewood Massacre

    Rosewood Massacre
    The Rosewood massacre was a racially-motivated mob atrocity in Florida during January 1-7, 1923. In the violence at least six blacks and two whites were killed, and the town of Rosewood was abandoned and destroyed in what contemporary news reports characterized as a race riot.
  • Scottsboro Boys

    Scottsboro Boys
    The Scottsboro Boys were nine black teenagers accused of rape in Alabama in 1931. The landmark set of legal cases from this incident dealt with racism and the right to a fair trial
  • Mc Laurin vs Oklahoma (day of SC decision)

    Mc Laurin vs Oklahoma (day of SC decision)
    declared an Oklahoma statute unconstitutional, arguing that the differential treatment shown to an African American student was itself a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
  • Sweatt vs Painter (day of SC decision)

    Sweatt vs Painter (day of SC decision)
    In a unanimous decision, the Court held that the Equal Protection Clause required that Sweatt be admitted to the university.
  • Brown vs Board (day of SC decision)

    Brown vs Board (day of SC decision)
    The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896, which allowed state-sponsored segregation, insofar as it applied to public education. Handed down on May 17, 1954, the Warren Court's unanimous (9–0) decision stated that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
  • Death of Emmett Till

    Death of Emmett Till
    Emiit till was lynched for inappropiate remarks to a white woman
  • Little rock 9

    Little rock 9
    Little Rock Nine were a group of African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. Their enrollment was followed by the Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Orval Faubus, the Governor of Arkansas.
  • Ruby Bridges

    Ruby Bridges
    an American activist known for being the first black child to attend an all-white elementary school in the South. She attended William Frantz Elementary School.
  • James Meredith

    James Meredith
    James Meredith was one of the pioneers of the civil rights movement. In 1962 he became the first black student to successfully enroll at the University of Mississippi. The state's governor, Ross Barnett, vociferously opposed his enrollment, and the violence and rioting surrounding the incident caused President Kennedy to send 5,000 federal troops to restore the peace.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    The March on Washington represented a coalition of several civil rights organizations, all of which generally had different approaches and different agendas. The "Big Six" organizers were James Farmer, of the Congress of Racial Equality; Martin Luther King, Jr., of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference; John Lewis, of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee; A. Philip Randolph, of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters; Roy Wilkins, of the National Association for the Advancements.
  • 16th St. Church Bombing

    16th St. Church Bombing
    A bomb exploded before Sunday morning services at the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama–a church with a predominantly black congregation that served as a meeting place for civil rights leaders. Four young girls were killed and many other people injured; outrage over the incident and the violent clash between protesters and police that followed helped draw national attention to the hard-fought, often dangerous struggle for civil rights for African Americans.
  • Assassination of Malcolm X

    Assassination of Malcolm X
    The former Nation of Islam leader Malcolm X was shot and killed by assassins identified as Black Muslims as he was about to address the Organization of Afro-American Unity at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem. He was 39.
  • March on Selma

    March on Selma
    Martin Luther King led thousands of nonviolent demonstrators to the steps of the capitol in Montgomery, Alabama, after a 5-day, 54-mile march from Selma, Alabama, where local African Americans, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) had been campaigning for voting rights.
  • End of Civil War

    End of Civil War
    The war ended in Spring, 1865. Robert E. Lee surrendered the last major Confederate army to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse
  • Voting Rights Act

    Voting Rights Act
    is a landmark piece of federal legislation in the United States that prohibits discrimination in voting. It was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson during the height of the American Civil Rights Movement on August 6, 1965, and Congress later amended the Act five times to expand its protections
  • Watts Riots

    Watts Riots
    The Watts Riots (or Watts Rebellion) was a race riot that took place in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles from August 11 to 17, 1965. The six-day unrest resulted in 34 deaths, 1,032 injuries, 3,438 arrests, and over $40 million in property damage
  • Orangeburg Massacre

    Orangeburg Massacre
    At 10:33 p.m. on the night of Feb. 8, 1968, eight to ten seconds of police gunfire left three young black men dying and 27 wounded on the campus of South Carolina State College in Orangeburg. Exactly 33 years later, Governor Jim Hodges addressed an overflow crowd there in the Martin Luther King, Jr. Auditorium and referred directly to the “Orangeburg Massacre”—an identifying term for the event that itself had been controversial among South Carolinians. Gov. Hodges called what happened “a great t
  • Assassination of MLK, Jr.

     Assassination of MLK, Jr.
    At 6:01 p.m. the civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was hit by a sniper's bullet. King had been standing on the balcony in front of his room at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, when, without warning, he was shot. The .30-caliber rifle bullet entered King's right cheek, traveled through his neck, and finally stopped at his shoulder blade. King was immediately taken to a nearby hospital but was pronounced dead at 7:05 p.m.
  • Arrest on Angela Davis

    Arrest on Angela Davis
    The charges against the 26-year-old Miss Davis, a former acting assistant professor of philosophy at he University of California at Los Angeles grew out of a kidnap-escape drama in a San Rafael courtroom in early August. During the abduction and escape attempt a Superior court judge and three other persons were killed.
  • LUCY is discovered

    LUCY is discovered
    Lucy was found by Donald Johanson and Tom Gray on the November 24, 1974, at the site of Hadar in Ethiopia. They had taken a Land Rover out that day to map in another locality. After a long, hot morning of mapping and surveying for fossils, they decided to head back to the vehicle. Johanson suggested taking an alternate route back to the Land Rover, through a nearby gully. Within moments, he spotted a right proximal ulna (forearm bone) and quickly identified it as a hominid.
  • ROOTS was published

    ROOTS was published
    Brought up on the stories of his elderly female relatives—including his Grandmother Cynthia, whose father was emancipated from slavery in 1865—Alex Haley claimed to have traced his family history back to "the African," Kunta Kinte, captured by members of a contentious tribe and sold to slave traders in 1767.
  • Beating of Rodney King

    Beating of Rodney King
    He was caught by the Los Angeles police after a high-speed chase on. The officers pulled him out of the car and beat him brutally, while amateur cameraman George Holliday caught it all on videotape. The four L.A.P.D. officers involved were indicted on charges of assault with a deadly weapon and excessive use of force by a police officer.
  • Barack Obama becomes the 1st black President

    Barack Obama becomes the 1st black President
    Barack obama Won the election and became the 1st balck president