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Study guide

  • Aug 3, 1492

    Columbus arrives

    Columbus arrives
    1. Columbus Exchange Spain sends conquistadors & Armada Spain sets up Encomiendas Three ships~Nina, Pinta ,Santa Maria
  • England defeats Spanish Armanda

    England defeats Spanish Armanda
    England becomes superpower and begins colonization, under the commands of Duke of Medina Sidonia
  • Jamestown

    Virginia company ~Backer company
    Joint Stock company ~investor Backed
    Leader~ Captain John smith
    1609-1610 desperate times
    Powhatan Confederacy aides Jamestown
    Tobacco , cash crop, Saves colony from extinction
    Chesapeake becomes name of The surrounding area
    Indentured Servants~Popular and useful
    1618 ~50 acres given to a plantation owner who sponsored people over to america.
  • House of Burgesses

    House of Burgesses
    First government in colonies
    White property ~owning males could vote
    Slavery begins in English colonies
  • Separatists leave England accidentally

    Separatists leave England accidentally
    Arrived in Massachusetts in Mayflower
    Mayflower compacts power came from governed not from god
    Aid from local Indians to further the settlement
  • Massachusetts bay colony

    Massachusetts bay colony
    Congregationalists ,John Winthrop,City on a hill
    Idea??~Puritan and Calvinist idea
    Ex.Religious Intolerance
    Roger Williams banished ,Created Rhode island ~free religion
    Anne Hutchinson
    1629-42 Great Puritan Migration
    1649-1660~little Immigration because England was mainly Puritan
    Deputy governor~ Thomas Dudley
  • Connecticut gets charter for being a colony

    Connecticut gets charter for being a colony
    Maryland,Lord Baltimore, Haven for Christmas & Catholics
    1649~Act of Toleration protects Christians,Lacked characteristics of a constitution.
  • bacon´s Rebellion

    bacon´s Rebellion
    Settlers v. Indian =problem
    Governor Berkeley- was corrupt,the elite group wants to get the best land ,did not protect back country farmers
    Nathanial Bacon- Led to the frontier farm and raids against the Indians and burned Jamestown which led to the creation of the black codes.Held by Virginia settlers
  • Salem Witch Trails

    Salem Witch Trails
    Many executions ,Unrest in religion ,Politics and gender led to the witch hysteria
    February 1692-May 1693
  • 7 years war French~ Indian war

    7 years war French~ Indian war
    British wins ~ but also leads to Anti~British sentiment
    Treaty of Paris in 1763 ended it
  • Albany plan by Ben Franklin

    Albany plan by Ben Franklin
    Government plans
    Not accepted
    reform colonial-imperial relations
    Benjamin Franklin
    Join or die
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    Forbids colonial settlement past Appalachian Mountains
    Angered colonists
    End of salutary Neglect
    turning point of Britain~colonial relations
    Line of proclamation
  • Sugar act

    Sugar act
    Stop smuggling
    Currency act ~ Colonists Can¨t make paper money
  • Stamp act

    Stamp act
    Direct tax or revenue
    Broad tax covered legal documents too
    Affected almost everyone, especially literate and lawyers
    taxed goods made in the colonies
    No taxation without representation

    British response ~virtual representation
    Stamp Act congress Formed boycotts~ Act repealed
    Declaratory act passed ~parliament can tax and legislate in all cases anywhere in the colonies
  • Townshend act

    Townshend  act
    Taxed goods imported from Britain
    Paid for government officials salaries
    More vice admiralty court created
    Suspended NY legislation
    ¨writ of assistance¨ British can search anywhere , soldiers sent to Boston to keep the peace
    On March 5, 1770 colonists protest
    On 1769 Townshend duties repealed
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    British troops
    Major turning point in american revolution
    Helped spark American independence
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Tea Tax protest
    America winning its independence from Britain
  • Coercive Acts~ Intolerable Acts

    Coercive Acts~  Intolerable Acts
    Closed Boston port; except for essentials
    colonists had to house soldiers
  • First continental congress

    First  continental congress
    Goals ~ determine grievances
    Address Actions to grievances such as boycotts
    Parameters which were considered Parliamentary interference
  • second continental congress

    second continental congress
    Established continental army
    Printing money
    Established government offices for policies
    George Washington~leader of army
  • Battles of Lexington and concord

    Battles of Lexington and concord
    Concord -Shot heard round The world
    British won
    Samuel Adams and John Hancock ~Leaders
  • Olive branch Petition

    Olive branch Petition
    America wants reconciliation with Britain
    Last attempt to avoid armed conflict
    King George III ignored it
  • Common sense ~ Thomas Paine

    Common sense ~ Thomas Paine
    advocating independence from Great Britain to people in the Thirteen Colonies
    Why should an island rule a continent? Colonists have suffered abuses by British government
  • Declaration of independence

    Declaration of independence
    Thomas Jefferson commissioned to write Declaration of independence
    Signed August , 2,1776
  • Articles of confederation

    Articles of confederation
    first central government
    lacked ability to tax,declare, form a military
  • Franco ~American Alliance

    Franco ~American Alliance
    negotiated by Ben Franklin
    Brings French into war on the colonists side
    Battle of Saratoga
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    Gave US land and independence
    ended the French and Indian War/Seven Years' War between Great Britain and France
  • Constitutional convention

    Constitutional convention
    NJ plan support small states , equal representation
    Virginia plan checks and balances , supporting large states, representation based on population
    Great compromise ~ bicameral
    House of Representatives~representation according to population
    Senate ~equal, 2 per state
    3/5th compromise : slaves population , and empowered Southern states
  • Election of Washington

    Election of Washington
    Cabinet Jefferson (secretary of state ) Hamilton (treasury)
    National Bank created
    Hamilton´s financial plan to reduce debt
    Neutrality Proclamation
    Pinckney´s treaty 1796
    No third term
  • Constitutional is effective

    Constitutional is effective
    September 17, 1787 approved the constitution
    effective for the ratifying states when New Hampshire is the ninth state to ratify it. July ,21 ,1788
  • Bill of rights added

     Bill of rights added
    Freedom of speech.
    Freedom of the press.
    Freedom of religion.
    Freedom of assembly.
    Right to petition the government
    10 amendments
  • John Adams

    John Adams
    XZY affair
    Alien &sedition acts
    VA& KY resolutions ~ nullification
    Midnight appointments~Ãdams placed more Judges in Judicial positions with Federalists
    leads to Marbury V. Madison
  • Farewell Address~neutrality championed

    Farewell Address~neutrality  championed
    avoid political parties and issued a special warning to be wary of attachments and entanglements with other nations
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    Lewis & Clark
    provided a powerful impetus to westward expansion
    confirmed the doctrine of implied powers of the federal Constitution
  • Jefferson re~Elected

    Jefferson re~Elected
    British impressment
    Embargo act 1807& Non intercourse act 1809 both hurt American economy
  • James Madison

    James Madison
    Macon´s bill #2 doesn't work
    Attacks from Britain and France
    Declared War on Britain in 1812 short war , Treaty of Ghent
    Battle of new Orleans ~ Jackson wins
    Hartford Convention ~ end of federalist party
    American system ~ tariff , Roads, re~charted National Bank ~ protective
    Lobbied by Henry Clay
  • James Monroe

    James Monroe
    the Monroe Doctrine.
    5th president
  • Corrupt Bargain Henry Clay became sec. of state & JQA President

    Corrupt Bargain Henry Clay became sec. of state & JQA President
    Dem. Party formed with Andrew Jackson supporters
  • Era of good feelings

    Era of good feelings
    first political party in America
    McCullough V. Maryland States can¨t tax national Banks
    Panic of 1819~ people couldn¨t pay loans
    Adams ~Onis Treaty 1819 ~Flordia acquired from Spain
    Monroe Doctrine
    Missouri Compromise by Henry Clay
    Missouri Slave state
    Maine free state
    36 30 Slavery is below that
  • Jackson presidency begins

    Jackson presidency begins
    ¨Era of common Man¨ Universal white male Suffrage
  • Indian removal Act ~ trail of tears

    Indian removal Act ~ trail of tears
    Tariff of 1832 Nullification issues
    Vetoed second bank of US Charter
    Specie Circular
    Panic of 1837
    Nat turners Rebellion fails
    Black codes
    Whig party emerges
    Anti~democratic party
  • Martin Van Buren Becomes president

    Martin Van Buren Becomes president
    Panic of 1837
    tenth secretary of state
    Under president Andrew Jackson
  • William Henry Harrison dies one month in office

    William Henry Harrison dies one month in office
    becoming the first president to die in office
  • John Tyler

    John Tyler
    Becomes president
    ¨President without a Party¨
    second great awakening 1790-1840
    slavery, Abolition
    Reforms of society
  • Polk elected

    Polk elected
    he reduced tariffs, reformed the national banking system, Oregon Territory
  • Texas annexed

    Texas  annexed
    Texas clearly favored slavery
    Free state vs slave state
  • Mexican ~American war

    Mexican ~American war
    The Wilmot proviso Defeated quickly
  • Oregon treaty

    Oregon treaty
    Oregon treaty established northern border with Canada
    American Acquires OR,WA , parts of ID , WY, MT
  • treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    ends Mexican ~American war
    Mexican cession $15 million for C (alifornia) A (rizona) N(evada) C(olorado) U(tah) N(ew mexico)
  • Zachary Taylor elected

    Zachary Taylor elected
    Last Whig elected
    1850 Taylor dies : Fillmore takes over
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Written by Stephan Douglas & Henry Clay
    CA is a stare
    Stronger fugitive Slave law UT & WM territory created; popular sovereignty will decide slave or free eventually

    Abolished slave trade in DC
  • Franklin Pierce elected

    Franklin Pierce elected
    14th president
    temperance movement
    signed the Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • Uncle Tom´s Cabin published

    Uncle Tom´s Cabin published
    Harriet Beecher Stowe
    shared ideas about the injustices of slavery, pushing back against beliefs about the physical and emotional capacities of black people
  • Kansas Nebraska Act

    Kansas Nebraska Act
    Repealed Missouri compromise
    Championed popular sovereignty will decide slave or free eventually
    abolished slave trade in DC
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    Kansas admitted to the Union as a free state
    A series of violet conflicts on Kansas Territory
    Because being free of slavery
  • Bleeding sumner

    Bleeding sumner
    Nearly almost killed Sumner
    Led to civil war
  • Lincoln ~Douglass debates

    Lincoln ~Douglass debates
    Freeport Doctrine
  • John Brown Raid on Harper´s Ferry

    John Brown Raid on Harper´s Ferry
    Trying to slavery
  • SC seceded

    SC seceded
    7 more join to form CSA with Jefferson Davis as president
    South Carolina
  • Fort sumnter

    Fort sumnter
    civil war begins
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Gaining freedom for slaves in the Confederate states ..if they did not return to the union
  • Freedman´s Bureau established and Lincoln assassination

    Freedman´s Bureau established  and Lincoln assassination
    In April 1865 ~ war ended and Lincoln assassinated
  • Reconstruction Begins

    Reconstruction Begins
    10% plan
    Wade - Davis bill ~ Lincoln vetoed it
    Johnson´s Reconstruction plan ~ kind of a combo of 10% +W-D Bill
    Black codes instituted in South
    14th amendment
  • Military Reconstruction Act of 1867

    Military Reconstruction Act of 1867
    Divide the south into five military distracts and to make sure that the officers rewrote their constitutions
  • 15th amendment

    15th amendment
    The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
  • compromise of 1877

    compromise of 1877
    Hayes = president
    Military reconstruction ends in the south
  • McKinley Tariff

    McKinley Tariff
    Sherman Anti~Trust Act
  • WIlson~Gorman Tariff

    WIlson~Gorman Tariff
    lower tariffs would open markets abroad for American goods,reduced tariff rates
  • Progessive era

    Progessive era
    The Progressive Era was a period of widespread social activism and political reform across the United States that spanned the 1890s to the 1920s.
  • Spanish American war/Gilded age

    Spanish American war/Gilded age
    Americans drive spanish out of cuba & Phillippines
    treaty of Paris ends war
  • Platt Amendment

    Platt Amendment
    Limited Cuba rights to make treaties with other nations and commercial relations
  • Panama Canal

    Panama Canal
    Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
    Big stick Policy
    America Not involved in Europe
    Involved in western Hemisphere
  • WIlson elected

    WIlson elected
    Woodrow WIlson
  • Neutrality Declared

    Neutrality Declared
    Proclamation of Neutrality ....The United states were being Neutral unless told other wise
  • Period: to


    World War I was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918
  • Lusitania sunk

    Lusitania sunk
    it was important because it risked many peoples lives at the hands of Germans
  • The sinking of the Lusitania

    The sinking of the Lusitania
    In Europe in 1914 A great thunderhead happened which resulted in Building and gathering steam.
  • Zimmerman Telegram

    Zimmerman Telegram
    A secret communication
    Germany and Mexico
  • The Zimmerman note

     The Zimmerman note
    The Zimmerman note was the event that caused the United States to join WWI.
  • Espionage Act

    Espionage Act
    made it a crime to share information to inference the success of the country enemies
  • Declared war on Germany

    Declared war on Germany
    United States to declare war on Germany
  • fourteen points league of nations

    fourteen points league of nations
    President Wilson proposed Fourteen points. Of these points last which was called League of Nations
  • The treaty of their side

    The treaty of their side
    The treaty of their side was the treaty that ended World War I in June 1919.
  • Period: to

    Women sufferage or the nineteenth amendment

    Approved by the Senate on June 4, 1919, and ratified in August 1920, the Nineteenth Amendment marked one stage in women's long fight for political equality.
  • 14 points

    14 points
    League of nations made it not pass in congress because WIlson was unwilling to compromise
  • Women´s right to vote

    Women´s right to vote
    August 18, 1920, the 19th amendment granted women the right to vote.
  • Voting

    Between 1878, when the amendment was first introduced in Congress, and August 18, 1920, when it was ratified, champions of voting rights for women worked tirelessly, but strategies for achieving their goal varied.
  • Immigration Act

    Immigration Act
    Immigration Act of 1924 affected immigration by Almost unrestricted immigration to the United States.
  • The Scopes Monkey Trial

    The Scopes Monkey Trial
    .The Scopes Monkey Trial was A giant clash between Anti Religious thought and Religious thought and was the period were they made it illegal to teach Darwinian in public schools
  • Roaring 20´s depression

    Roaring 20´s depression
    Harding~ scandals 1921
    1923 ~Coolidge
    October 1929 ~stock Market Crash
    Great depression begins
    1932 ~FDR
    100 days
    New deal implemented
    scopes trail
    prohibition, 18th amendment jazz Harlem Renaissance
  • The fight rule

    The fight rule
    The work or fight rule was Drafting people into war that didn't have a job. As the men were leaving the workforce women took up their jobs.
  • New deal & WW2

    New deal & WW2
    Banking Act of 1933
    PWA(Public Works)
    SEC(Securities &Exchange Commission)
    1934~ second New deal
    Social security
    Good Neighbor policy
    1935~1937 ~3 Neutrality acts
    1940~Selective Training & service Act of 1940
    1941 ~Lend ~lease act
    Atlantic Charter Conference with Churchill
    December 7 ,1941 ~Pearl Harbor Attacked
    June 6,1944~D~day
    Feb 1945~ Yalta conference
    Potsdam~ determined A~bomb
    1945~ FDR dies ~Truman becomes president
    August 1945~Hiroshima & Nagasaki
  • Post WW2 & Cold war

    Post WW2 & Cold war
    1947~ Truman Doctrine , Financial support of anti~communist nations for containment communism
    Marshall plan,1949 NATO~ leads to CIA in America
    1950~McCarthyism ~ Joseph McCarthy =names of communists in American government
    1950-1953 Korean war ; Civil rights movement begins
    Dwight Eisenhower =President
    1954~Army McCarthy trails ends scare
  • civil rights movement

    civil rights movement
    Jfk* freedom rides:try to end segregation in bus facilities , JFK sent troops to allow James Meredith to register at Univ. of Miss. MlK and other civil rights activists were thrown in jail Birmingham, Alabama ´Letter from a Birmingham Jail´
  • Birth control

    Birth control
    in 1960 that birth control became legal nationwide in the U.S.
  • march on Washington~ civil rights act

    ¨i have a dream speech¨ Civil rights act (1964) segregation illegal in all public facilities & established Equal Employment Opportunity commission that banned discrimination in employment
  • 1969~1979

    1974~ Nixon resigns
    1974~ Gerald ford is president ; pardons Nixon
    1977~Jimmy Carter elected president
    1979~ 3-Mile island nuclear failure
  • 1954

    Brown V. Board of Education of Topeka
    1956~ Suez Crisis
    1957~sputnik launched leads to NASA being established
    1960 U-2 incident
    1961 ~ JFK becomes President ,Bay of pigs 1961 ~Vietnam Conflict begins
    1962 ~Cuban missile Crisis
    1963~ JFK assassinated ; LBJ becomes president
    1964~ Civil rights Act of 1964 ~Vietnam :Gulf of Tonkin
    1965~Great society legislation
    1969~ Nixon is President 1969~1979~ Detente
    1969~ Moon landing
    1971~ America off gold standard
    1972~Watergate scandal
  • 1980~2000

    1981~First space shuttle launched
    1983~Strategic Defense Initiative =¨Star wars¨
    1986~Iran ~ Contra Scandal
    1989~George H.W. Bush elected president
    1990~1991,Persian Gulf War
    1991~Operation Desert storm
    1993~William ¨Bill"Clinton elected President
    1994~NAFTA=North American Free Trade Agreement established
    2000~George W. Bush Elected President, Wins amid Controversy
    Sep.11,2001 Terrorist Attacks
    2001~Patriot act
  • Ronald Reagan Elected President

    Ronald  Reagan Elected President
    But soon shot by John Hinckley Jr.