The Gilded Age

  • PIke's Peak gold rush

    The Pike's Peak Gold Rush produced a dramatic outburst of immigrants into the Pike's Peak Country of the Southern Rocky Mountains. The prospectors provided the first major European-American population in the region. The rush created a few mining camps such as Denver City and Boulder City that would develop into cities. Many smaller camps such as Auraria and Saint Charles City were absorbed by larger camps and towns.
  • Transcontinental railroad

    The First Transcontinental Railroad was a 1,776 miles contiguous railroad line. It was constructed between 1863 and 1869 across the western United States between the Missouri River and the Pacific Ocean at San Francisco Bay.
  • Homestead Act

    The Homestead Act provided that any adult citizen who had never borne arms against the U.S. government could claim 160 acres of surveyed government land.Title could also be acquired after only a 6-month residency and trivial improvements, provided the claimant paid the government $1.25 per acre. After the Civil War, Union soldiers could deduct the time they had served from the residency requirements.
  • Grant defeats Seymour for the presidency

    Ulysses S. Grant (Republican) defeated Horatio Seymour (Democrat). Grant won, in large measure, because of his reputation as the general who won the Civil War for the Union.
  • Grant defeats Greenley for the presidency

    Ulysses S. Grant (Republican) defeated Horace Greely (Democrat). As the general who had won the Civil War, Grant won re-election easily over Greely with 55 percent of the popular vote.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    The Chinese Exclusion Act was passed by Congress and signed by President Chester A. Arthur. This act provided an absolute 10-year moratorium on Chinese labor immigration.
  • Panic of 1873

    The Panic of 1873 was a financial crisis which triggered a severe international economic depression in both Europe and the United States that lasted until 1879. The depression was known as the "Great Depression" until the 1930s.The panic was caused by the fall in demand for silver internationally.
  • Comstock Law

    The Comstock Act was a United States federal law which amended the Post Office Act and made it illegal to send any obscene materials through the mail, including contraceptive devices and information. This act also banned the distribution of information on abortion for educational purposes.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1875

    An Act to Protect All Citizens in Their Civil and Legal Rights.The bill was proposed by Senator Sumner and co-sponsored by Representative Benjamin F. Butler.The Civil Rights Act of 1875 is also notable for being part of the major pieces of legislation passed by Congress after the American Civil War.
  • Resuption Act passed

    The United States federal government suspended specie payments, seeking to raise revenue for the American Civil War effort without exhausting its reserves of gold and silver. Early in 1862, the United States issued legal-tender notes, called greenbacks. By war's end, a total of $431 million in greenbacks had been issued, and authorization had been given for another $50 million in small denominations, known as fractional currency or "shin plasters."
  • Telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone as a part-time hobby while teaching the deaf to speak.
  • Compromise of 1877

    The North got Rutherford B. Hayes elected as a Republican president.The South got a pledge that Hayes would removal of military occupation in the South.This ended Reconstruction. The bad news for the freedmen was that Southern blacks were now effectively left alone to fend for themselves.
  • Nez Perce Indian War

  • Electric Light

  • Garfield asasinated- Arthur proceeds

    Garfield was assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau in September of 1881. Guiteau said he was a Stalwart, like V.P. Chester Arthur, and his lawyers essentially used the insanity defense saying he didn't know right from wrong.
    He was found guilty and hanged. As vice president, Chester Arthur became president. Arthur was reform-minded. He largely stood firm against his Stalwart buddies in their quest for the riches that
  • Cleveland defeats Blaine for presidency

  • Dawes Severalty Act

    Congress passed the Dawes Act. The law allowed for the President to break up reservation land, which was held in common by the members of a tribe, into small allotments to be parceled out to individuals.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Many Americans began to resent the apparent stranglehold the railroads exerted over many parts of the country The postwar presidents and many in Congress resisted intervention in economic matters. Early efforts to bring some form of regulation to the giants were made at the state level, but those measures were later struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court. Congress passed the Interstate Commerce Act which created the Interstate Commerc
  • Harrison defeats Cleveland for presidency

  • McKinley Tariff Act

    The McKinley Tariff was an act of the United States Congress framed by Representative William McKinley that became a law. The tariff raised the average duty on imports to almost fifty percent, an act designed to protect domestic industries from foreign competition The McKinley Tariff was replaced with the Wilson-Gorman Tariff.
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    The Sherman Antitrust Act is a landmark federal statute on United States competition law passed by Congress in 1890. It prohibits certain business activities that federal government regulators deem to be anticompetitive, and requires the federal government to investigate and pursue trusts, companies, and organizations suspected of being in violation.
  • Depression of 1893

    The Panic of 1893 was a serious economic depression in the United States that began in 1893. It was marked by the collapse of railroad overbuilding and shaky railroad financing, resulting in a series of bank failures. The Panic of '93 was the worst economic depression the United States had ever experienced at the time.
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson "seperate but equal"

    Plessy v. Ferguson is a landmark United States Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the United States, upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".
  • Dingley Act

    The Dingley Act of 1897 raised tariffs in United States to counteract the Wilson–Gorman Tariff Act of 1894. Congress imposed duties on wool and hides which had been duty-free since 1872. Rates were increased on woolens, linens, silks, china, and sugar.
  • Gold Standard Act

    The Gold Standard Act of the United States was passed in 1900 and established gold as the only standard for redeeming paper money. It was signed by President William McKinley.