The First World War And The Russian Revolution

  • Triple Alliance

    Triple Alliance
    The German Empire signed an agreement with Austria-Hungary and Italy.
  • The Moroccan crises

    The German Empire offered to help Morocco against France, who wanted to establish a protectorate in the region.
  • Bloody Sunday

    A revolution broke out demanding the end of autocracy.
    A peaceful demonstration was held, but the tsar responded with brutal repression.
  • The Algeciras Conference

    The Algeciras Conference
    The Algeciras Conference, which authorised a Franco-Spanish protectorate, forced the Germans to back down.
  • Triple Entente

    Triple Entente
    France allied with Russia and improve its relations with Britain, these three powers signed a mutual aid pact.
  • Annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina by Austria-Hungary

    Annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina by Austria-Hungary increased tensions in the Balkans.
  • Period: to

    Balkan Wars

    Balkan wars was caused by the annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina by Austria-Hungary
  • Assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    Assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was assessinated in Sarajevo (Bosnia), which had been occupied by Austria-Hungary.
  • Austria-Hungary war against Serbia

    Austria-Hungary, encouraged by Germany, accused Serbia of the assessination and declared war.
  • Germany war against France

    The war began when the German army suddenly attacked France through Belgium and Luxembourg (the Schlieffen Plan)
  • Battle of Verdun

    Battle of Verdun
    The Germans launched a new offensive on the Western Front but were stopped by the French at the Battle of Verdun.
  • April 1917

    US President Woodrow Wilson declares war on Germany.
    Lenin returned to Russia from exile and published his new ideas in the April Theses.
  • November 1917

    Elections were held for the Constituent Assembly. The Bolsheviks lost and fearing that groups opposing the revolution could take over the Duma, Lenin dissolved the Assembly and put an end to political pluralism.
  • March 1917

    The Kaiser abdicated because there were revolts in the German army and navy, as well as workers' demonstrations against the government. As a result, Germany surrendered.
  • February Revolution

    February Revolution
    On 23 February 1917, there was a large demonstration in Petrogad.
    The tsar abdicated and a republic was proclaimed. It was headed by a provisional government.
    The new government initiated a series of political and social reforms. They decided to remain committed to their allies in the war.
    Popular discontent grew, and the Soviets, began to demand the dismissal of the government.
  • October 1917

    Bolsheviks coup d'etat.
    Bolsheviks, with the support of the Soviets, had created the Red Guards, and prepared for an insurrection on 25 October.
  • March 1918 - The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

    March 1918 - The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
    Was a separate peace treaty between Soviet Russia and the Central Powers, by which Russia withdrew from World War I.
    With Germany, Russia accepted territorial losses in exchange for peace.
  • End of the First World War

    End of the First World War
    An armistice was signed, bringing the war to an end.
  • January 1919

    A conference was held in Paris to establish the terms for peace.
  • June 1919 - The Treaty of Versailles

    The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty signed in January 1919 at the end of the World War I by more than 50 countries. Together, they broke up Europe's empires and drew new borders.
  • Red Army won the war against White Army

    The White Army confronted the Red Army. The Civil War lasted three years and brought misery to the people.
    In 1921, the Red Army won the war.
  • USSR

    Creation of the USSR.
    The USSR was a federal state with a parliament and a single party, the CPSU.