The Development of Labor Unions

  • The National Trades Union

    The National Trades Union
    The first national union.
  • Commonwealth v. Hunt

    Commonwealth v. Hunt
    a court case. A Massachusetts court ruled that unions were legal
  • Knights of Labor

    Knights of Labor
    was founded by Uriah Stephens. By 1879, its membership of nine thousand included women, African Americans, and immigrants, both skilled and unskilled. by 1886, they boasted a membership of seven hundred thousand. They won several important stikes, but their influence declined after they were blamed for killing seven police officers who attempted to break up a meet in Haymarket Square, Chicago
  • American Federaton of Labor

    American Federaton of Labor
    founded by Samual Gompers, organized skilled workers and crafts. They fought for higher wages, shorter hours, and improved working conditions through collective bargaining
  • Haymarket Riots

    Haymarket Riots
    In which striking McCormick Harvester Workers clashed with police, four strikers were killed
  • United Mine Workers

    United Mine Workers
    to improve wages and working conditions of coal mine workers.
  • American Railway Union

    American Railway Union
    railroad fireman Eugene V. Debs founded this railway union.
  • Pullman Company

    Pullman Company
    Manufactured sleeping and dining cars, went on strike becasue their wages had been cut. Acting out of sympathy for the pullam workers, conductors and engineers of the American Railway Union refused to handle trains with Pullman cars attacted. A Federal judge ordered the strikers back to work, and when they refused, President Grover Cleveland sent in federal troops. The ensuing violence turned publi opinion against the strikers, and their preseident, Eugent Debs, was jailed
  • The International Workers of the World

    The International Workers of the World
    for unskilled workers and immigrants, advocated one large national union that would use strikes and sabotage to achieve its goals as opposed to the more peaceful American Federation of Labor
  • The Clayton Act

    The Clayton Act
    allowed picketing and limited the use of injuntions in lavor disputes.
  • The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters

    The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
    created by Philip Randolph
  • National Labor Relations Act

    National Labor Relations Act
    protected the rights of workers to organize and elect representatives for collective bargaining.
  • Fair Labor Standards Act

    Fair Labor Standards Act
    established a minimum wage(25 cents an hour) and time and a half for over forty hours of work a week.
  • Fair Labor Act

    Fair Labor Act
    an amendment to this act prohibited child labor
  • Merging of AFL and CIO

    Merging of AFL and CIO
    The AFL and CIO merged
  • Air Traffic controllers

    Air Traffic controllers
    President ronald Reagan fired 11,500 in this for striking violation of a no-strike clause in their contract.
  • The Homestead Strike

    The Homestead Strike
    steel wokers in Homestead, Pennsylvania stuck against the Carnegie Steel plant becasue the company had reduced wages.