Collective bargaining is a process of negotiations between employers and a group of employees aimed at reaching agreements that regulate working conditions
Eugene V. Debs
Eugene Victor Debs was an American union leader, one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World, and several times the candidate of the Socialist Party of America for President of the United States.
International Ladies Garment Workers Union
The union, generally referred to as the "ILGWU" or the "ILG," merged with the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union in 1995 to form the Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE). the ILGWU was one of the largest unions.
A contract is an agreement entered into voluntarily by two or more parties, each of whom intends to create one or more legal obligations between or among them.
The Labor Movement
Known as, "the most dangerous woman in America," Mary "Mother" Jones was best known for her success in organizing mine workers and their families against the mine owners. In 1903, she organized a Children's march.
International Workers of the World
The IWW was a revolutionary industrial union organized in Chicago in 1905 by delegates from the Western Federation of Mines, which formed the nucleus of the IWW, and 42 other labor organizations
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in New York City was the deadliest industrial disaster in the history of the city of New York and resulted in the fourth highest loss of life from an industrial accident in U.S. history.
Samuel Gompers was the first and longest-serving president of the American Federation of Labor (AFL).
Department of Labor
The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a Cabinet department of the federal government of the United States responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, re-employment services, and some economic statistics.
The Ludlow Massacre was an attack by the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families in Ludlow, Colorado.
World War One
World War I, also called First World War, or Great War, an international conflict that in 1914–18 involved most of the nations of Europe along with Russia, the United States, the Middle East, and other regions
The Clayton Act was originally enacted to exempt unions from the scope of antitrust laws by refusing to treat human labor as a commodity or an article of commerce
Yellow Dog Contract
The yellow dog contract is an agreement between an employer and an employee in which the employee agrees, as a condition of employment, not to be a member of a labor union.
It was the first US federal legislation that regulated the hours of workers in private companies. The act established an 8 hour work day, with additional pay for overtime work, for interstate railroad employees. The picture shown is of William C. Adamson, the sponsor of the Adamson Act.
Emma Goldman was an anarchist known for her political activism, writing, and speeches. She played a pivotal role in the development of anarchist political philosophy in North America and Europe in the first half of the twentieth century.
An open shop is a place of employment at which one is not required to join or financially support a union (closed shop) as a condition of hiring or continued employment. Open shop is also known as a merit shop.
A closed shop is a form of union security agreement under which the employer agrees to hire union members only, and employees must remain members of the union at all times in order to remain employed
The Great Depression (1929-39) was the deepest and longest-lasting economic downturn in the history of the Western industrialized world. In the United States, the Great Depression began soon after the stock market crash of October 1929, which sent Wall Street into a panic.
The Davis-Bacon act is to preserve local wage standards and promote local employment by preventing contractors who bid on public contracts from basing their bids on the use of cheap labor recruited from foreign sources. The picture attached is of James. J Davis and Robert L Bacon.
Norris La-Gaurdia Act
This act outlawed Yellow Dog Contracts and further restricted the use of court injunctions in labor disputes against strikes, picketing, and boycotts. This act supported organized labor.
The Wagner Act established the rights of employees to organize, join, or aid labor unions and to participate in collective bargaining through their representatives. The act also authorized unions to take "concerted action" for these purposes.
The AFL stood for the American Federation Of Labor, and was one of the first federations of labor unions in the United States.
The lowest Wage allowed by the law or special agreement. In 1938, minimum wage was $0.25.
Fair Labor Standards Act
The Fair Labor Standards Act introduced a maximum 44-hour seven-day workweek, established a national minimum wage, guaranteed "time-and-a-half" for overtime in certain jobs, and prohibited most employment of minors in oppressive child labor.
The CIO was the Congress of Industrial Orginizations proposed by John L Lewis. It was a federation of unions that organized workers in industrial unions in the United States and Canada from 1935 to 1955.