Gilded age

Gilded Age & Progressive Era

  • 16th Amendment

    16th Amendment
    Allowed the government to collect income tax. Other taxes would be divided to the states.
  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
    Stated that the production, consumption, and the vending of alcohol is illegal. This was later discounted by the 21st Amendment on 1933.
  • 17th Amendments

    17th Amendments
    Enacted that state senators will be elected by state legislators. Therefore, senators will be elected by popular vote.
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    Political Machines

    These were political party that was lead by one person or a small group of people. They gain the support of people and corps to maintain its power, money, and standing. They often are used to help citizens like the poor.
  • Industrialization Tenement

    Industrialization Tenement
    Buildings where people stayed to live. Often they were the poor and/or immigrants labor workers who don’t get paid much. Because of how many people lived there, it was a source for disease spread.
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    Susan B. Anthony

    Women’s Rights Activist. Founded the National Woman Suffrage Association with Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
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    Andrew Carnegie

    An industrialist who gained fortune with the steel industry with his company, Carnegie Steel Company. A strike took place at his homestead leading to the 10 dead as a fight between the Union and Pinkertons broke out.
  • Nativism

    Nativism
    The Americans who believe they are natives although they were originally immigrants. These Nativist would band together and fight to limit the rights of the true Native Americans and other immigrants.
  • Robber Barons (Captains of Industry)

    Robber Barons (Captains of Industry)
    People who used ruthless ways to get rich. These people were often corrupt politician and businessmen like Carnegie.
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    Alexander Graham Bell

    Invented the first telephone. And he founded the American Telephone and Telegraph Company.
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    Jacob Riis

    He was a social reformer and a muckraker. He took photographs in the night of tenement houses and the people inside of them. He is known for “How the Other Half Lived”.
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    Samuel Gompers

    An American labor union leader and was pushing for solid wages for workers. He was the first and longest serving president of the American Federation of Labor.
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    Eugene V. Debs

    Organized the American Railway Union, which waged a strike against the Pullman Company of Chicago. The strike failed and lead to the arrest of many included Debs’ himself.
  • Bessemer Steel Production

    Bessemer Steel Production
    The first process of mass production in steel. This made steel inexpensive because their was more then enough to meet the demands..
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    Clarence Darrow

    Was one of the first “Labor Lawyers” who defended Civil Right Unions. Is a leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union.
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    Theodore Roosevelt

    The 26th president of the United States. Urged the expansion of the US’s power. He enforced the Monroe Doctrine and the Roosevelt Corollary to take control of the Panama Canal.
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    Jane Addams

    An actavice that devoted her life into taking care of the poor. This included buying a mansion (Hull House) for them to live in and providing other helps (like nurseries) for them.
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    Williams Jennings Bryan

    Campaigned for peace, prohibition and suffrage, and increasingly criticized the teaching of evolution. Know for his Cross of Gold speech.
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    Ida B. Wells

    A Civil Rights Activist. Led an anti-lynching crusade through journalism
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    The Gilded Age

    The Gilded Era consisted of corruption, rapid economic growth, and labor unions/strikes. Industries were forced to make many changes to help their workers.
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    Social Gospel

    A religious movement enforced by ministers to help, economically, the working forces. Work they was Jesus had to endure.
  • Labor Strikes

    Labor Strikes
    Labor Unions and workers band together and petitioned their workplace by not working. Most notable: Great Railroad Strike 1877, Homestead Strike 1892, and Pullman Strike 1894.
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    Upton Sinclair

    Published a book called The Jungle which exposed the revolting conditions of meat-packing. This inspired the Meat Inspection Act which improved the conditions.
  • Labor Unions

    Labor Unions
    Groups of people who advocated for better working conditions of labor workers. The most popular being Knights of Labor, American Federation of Labor, and Industrial Workers of the World.
  • Haymarket Riot

    Haymarket Riot
    A strike-turned-riot when someone threw a bomb killing 8 people. This was to gain 8-hour work days. Because 8 radicals were arrested (even without concrete evidence) the rally was considered a setback for the labor rights.
  • Interstate Commerce Act 1887

    Interstate Commerce Act 1887
    Similar to the Sherman Antitrust Act, this prevented monopolization specifically for the railroad industry. They also said fares should be reasonable and just.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    Act enforced by the federal government of prevent monopolization. Regulates competition between companies.
  • Populism and Progressivism

    Populism and Progressivism
    People who seek to create social and political change. The Populism Party were mostly lower-class white people in the south whilst the Progressivisms were mostly journalist in the north.
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    Klondike Gold Rush

    When a magnitude of people immigrated to Yukon to prospect for gold. The people who got rich weren't the Prospectors, but the store keepers.
  • Initiative, Referendum, Recall

    Initiative, Referendum, Recall
    The power of the people. Granted citizens to opposed laws and create ideas for others.
  • Muckraker

    Muckraker
    These are reformers who deliver their message through journalism. These people wrote for the Newspaper that was called the Yellow Paper.
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    Pure Food and Drug Act
    Federal Act that enforces that all adverts/ vending of foods or drugs should be labeled appropriately and aren’t tampered with. It also make sure foods and drugs are sold and marketed for their intended purpose.
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    Dollar Diplomacy

    When the US used its finances to demonstrate power like shipping across the earth. They did this to show off their influence on other countries by the boisterous act.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Federal Reserve Act
    Established the first national bank called the Federal Reserve System. This helped the government by providing he citizens with a stable and reliable financial system.
  • Settlement House

    Settlement House
    areas that benefited lower-class communities. These included nurseries/daycares, an educational system, and other benefits.
  • 19th Amendments

    19th Amendments
    Gave women the right to vote. More specifically, they could not be denied or restricted.
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    Teapot Dome Scandal

    Albert Bacon Fall, a member of the US Cabinet, secretly leased federal oil reserves. First cabinet member to be arrested.