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Unit 3 Key Terms

  • Industrialization

    The process of social and economic change whereby a human group is transformed from a pre-industrial society into an industrial one.
  • Clarence Darrow

    Clarence Darrow
    He was a leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union.
  • William Jennings Bryan

    William Jennings Bryan
    He emerged as a dominant force in the Democratic Party, standing three times as the party's nominee for President of the United States.
  • Jacob Riis

    Jacob Riis
    He immigrated to America in 1870 when he was 20 years old.
    How the Other Half Lives documented the squalid living conditions in New York City slums in the 1880s.
  • Alexander Graham Bell

    Alexander Graham Bell
    He invinted the telephone
    He also provided service to more than 800,000 "telephoniacs" across America.
  • Bessemer steel production

    Bessemer steel production
    First inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel.
    An immigrant named Andrew Carnegie used this process to become a wealthy man.
  • Settlement House

    Settlement House
    co-founded in 1889 by Jane Addams.
    Opened to recently arrived European immigrants.
  • Labor Unions

    Labor Unions
    fought for better wages, reasonable hours and safer working conditions.
    AFL represented only skilled white male craftsmen in the cities.
    they were founded in 1886 by Samuel Gompers
  • Haymarket Riot

    Haymarket Riot
    First labor movement.
    Demands for an eight-hour working day became increasingly widespread among American laborers.
  • Interstate Commerce Act 1887

    Interstate Commerce Act 1887
    Stated passed to stop Supreme Court from ruling this Unconstitutional
    Prohibit unfair pricing across state lines.
  • Ida B. Wells

    Ida B. Wells
    She was a feminist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890s.
    She became integral in groups striving for African-American justice.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    the first federal antitrust law
    They Outlawed all monopolies and trust that restricted trade.
  • The Glided Act

    The Glided Act
    Mark Twain meant that the period was glittering on the surface but corrupt underneath.
    was a period of change in the economy, technology, government, and social customs of America.
  • Populism And Progressivism

    Populism And Progressivism
    It was the "People" Party.
    it was preceded by the Farmer's Alliance and the Grange
  • Susan B. Anthony

    Susan B. Anthony
    woman suffrage movement in the United States
    She was also the president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
  • Eugene V. Debs

    Eugene V. Debs
    one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World,
    leader of American Railway Union
  • Pullman Strike

    Pullman Strike
    The workers wages were being cut so they went on strike hoping for a compromise but they were unsuccessful.
  • Labor Strikes

    Labor Strikes
    The labor movement led efforts to stop child labor, give health benefits and provide aid to workers who were injured or retired.
  • Klondike Gold Rush

    Klondike Gold Rush
    It effected lives of many across the world.
    Some came but didn't make it big.
  • Robber Barons ( Captains of Industry)

    Robber Barons ( Captains of Industry)
    The wealthy elite of the late 19th century consisted of industrialists who gathered their money as robber barons and captains of industry.
  • Political Machines

    Political Machines
    Controlled the activities in the city.
    Ensured their candidates were elected and make sure the city gov. worked to their advantage.
  • Andrew Carnegie

    Andrew Carnegie
    Leader of the American steel industry
    Sold the steel company to John Pierpont Morgan.(Chase)
  • Tenements

    Poorly built, overcrowded housing where many immigrants lived
  • Pure food and Drug Act

    Pure food and Drug Act
    Unregulated product claims and unhealthy products.
    Calls for the truth in the labels.
  • Upton Sinclair

    Upton Sinclair
    published The Jungle in 1906
    considered himself to be a muckraker.
  • Social Gospel

    Social Gospel
    stressed role of church and religion to improve city life, led by two preachers named Walter Raushenbusch and Washington Gladen.
    influenced settlement house movement and Salvation Army.
  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Dollar Diplomacy
    form of American foreign policy to further its aims in Latin America and East Asia through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Federal Reserve Act
    Congress to provide the nation with a safer, more flexible, and more stable monetary and financial system.
  • 16th Amendment

    16th Amendment
    allows the Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states.
    the tax burden shifted to the rich
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    every state will have two Senators, and they will serve six-year terms in Congress.
  • Initiative, Referendum, Recall

    Initiative, Referendum, Recall
    I: A bill place on the ballot by the people.
    R: An initiative voted on by the people.
    Re: Allow citizens to remove and replace a public official before the end of a term of office.
  • Muckraker

    They expose certain problems like political corruption, child labor, and safety issues with workers. As well as a goal was to raise awareness of social injustices, inequality, corruption and the abuse of political power in order to bring about reform.
  • Theodore Roosevelt

    Theodore Roosevelt
    He was the first president to become a truly "popular" leader by using the media to appeal directly to the American people. But he was also the 26th of the u.s.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    Women's right to vote.
    So now men and women are equal.
  • Nativisim

    They believed they were the true “Native” Americans.
    Created political parties and tried to limit the rights of immigrants.
  • Tea pot Dome Scandal

    Tea pot Dome Scandal
    It shocked Americans by revealing an unprecedented level of greed and corruption within a presidential administration. The scandal involved ornery oil tycoons, poker-playing politicians, illegal liquor sales, a murder-suicide, a womanizing president and a bagful of bribery cash.
  • Samuel Gompers

    Samuel Gompers
    He was the founder of the Labor Unions in 1886.
    He was also an anti-imperialist
  • Jane Addams

    Jane Addams
    Social work pioneer American settlement in
    Leader in women's suffrage and world peace.