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Gilded Age

  • "The Greatest Show on Earth"

    "The Greatest Show on Earth"
    P.T. Barnum challenged this popular social ideology by opening his American Museum on lower Broadway in New York City. Promoting the Museum as a place for family entertainment, enlightenment and instructive amusement, Barnum's American Museum became a shrine for advancing public knowledge of fine arts, music, literature and the marvels of nature, showcasing natural curiosities alongside artistic and historic exhibitions
  • 8- Hour Workday

    8- Hour Workday
    In Washington,Congress enacts an 8-hour workday for workers employed by the government.
  • The Golden Spike

    The Golden Spike
    Two sets of railroad tracks were joined and the continent united with elaborate ceremony at Promontory, Utah. The impact was immediate and dramatic. Travel time between America's east and west coasts was reduced from months to less than a week.
  • Montgomery Ward

    Montgomery Ward
    Begins to sell goods to rural customers in Chicago. Day and month unknown.
  • John D. Rockefeller

    John D. Rockefeller
    Founded Standard Oil in Cleveland, Ohio. Month and day unknown.
  • Great Chicago Fire

    Great Chicago Fire
    Destroyed thousands of buildings, killed an estimated 300 people and caused an estimated $200 million in damages.
  • Women's Christian Temperance Union

    Women's Christian Temperance Union
    Founded in Hillsboro, Ohio.
  • Alexander Graham Bell

    Alexander Graham Bell
    Received a patent for the telephone; three days later, he and associate Thomas Watson successfully tested their invention. Elisha Gray, Antonio Meucci and Thomas Edison all claimed to have invented the telephone first, and the issue is still a source of controversy.
  • Thomas Edison

    Thomas Edison
    Invented the phonograph in New Jersey. Day and month unknown.
  • American Federation of Labor

    American Federation of Labor
    In Washington, Membership was restricted to skilled craftsmen. Day and month unknown.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    Made in Washington, it was the first significant law restricting immigration into the United States. Day and month unknown.
  • Pendleton Act

    Pendleton Act
    In Washington, established a Civil Service Commission and filling government positions by merit system.
  • American and Canadian Time Zones

    American and Canadian Time Zones
    American and Canadian railroads begin using four continental time zones to end the confusion of dealing with thousands of local times. The bold move was emblematic of the power shared by the railroad companies.
  • Joseph Pulitzer

    Joseph Pulitzer
    Pulitzer, then thirty-six and in St. Louis, Missouri, purchased the New York World for $346,000 from businessman Jay Gould who was losing forty thousand dollars a year on the paper. Day and month unknown.
  • U. S. Supreme Court over Civil Rights Act of 1875

    U. S. Supreme Court over Civil Rights Act of 1875
    In Washington, Ruled that the Civil Rights act of 1875, forbidding discrimination in hotels, trains, and other public spaces, was unconstitutional and not authorized by the 13th or 14th Amendments of the Constitution. Day and month unknown.
  • Home Insurance Company

    Home Insurance Company
    Construction began in Chicago on the first building with a steel skeleton, William Jenneys ten-story Home Insurance Company. Day and month unknown.
  • Haymarket Square

    Haymarket Square
    Labor protest rally near Chicago’s Haymarket Square turned into a riot after someone threw a
    bomb at police which killed seven officers and wounded 60.
  • Samuel Gompers

    Samuel Gompers
    The same year the Knights of Labor was dealt its fatal blow at Haymarket Square, Gompers met with the leaders of other craft unions to form the American Federation of Labor in New York City. Day is unknown.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    Was signed by President Grover Cleveland. Although the act was passed long before he entered the White House, the Interstate Commerce Act is important to Roosevelt. As president, he would use it to regulate America’s railroads.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    Made in Washington, was the first United States Federal statute to limit cartels and monopolies. It falls under antitrust law.
  • Populist Party

    Populist Party
    Delegates from farm and labor organizations met in Cincinnati No decision was made to form a political party, but when the Republican and Democratic parties both straddled the currency question at the 1892 presidential conventions, a convention was held at-Omaha-and the Populist party was formed. Day and month unknown.
  • James Naismith

    James Naismith
    Physical education instructor at the YMCA Training College, invents basketball in Kansas. Day and month unknown.
  • Ellis Island Immigration Station

    Ellis Island Immigration Station
    3 large ships wait to land. Seven hundred immigrants passed through Ellis Island that day, and nearly 450,000 followed over the course of that first year. Over the next five decades, more than 12 million people will pass through the island on their way into New York, U. S.
  • Homestead Steelworks strike

    Homestead Steelworks strike
    Was an industrial lockout and strike in Homestead, Pennsylvania.
  • Pullman Strike

    Pullman Strike
    Nationwide railroad strike in the United States on. It pitted the American Railway Union (ARU) against the Pullman Company, the main railroads, and the federal government of the United States under President Grover Cleveland in Pullman, Illinois
  • William Jennings Bryan

    William Jennings Bryan
    Delivered the most famous speech in American political history at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
  • Income Tax Rejected

    Income Tax Rejected
    Supreme court strikes down income tax in Washington. Day and month unknown.
  • Andrew Carnegie

    Andrew Carnegie
    He built Pittsburgh's Carnegie Steel Company, which he sold to J.P. Morgan for $480 million creating the U.S. Steel Corporation. Day and month unknown.