Gilded Age and Progressive Era

  • Political Machines

    Political Machines
    Political organization in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses who receive rewards for their efforts.
  • Initiatives, Referendum, Recall

    Initiatives, Referendum, Recall
    Initiative, Referendum, Recall are the three powers reserved to enable the voters, by petition, to propose or repeal legislation or to remove an elected official from office. Proponents of an initiative, referendum, or recall effort must apply for an official petition serial number from the Town Clerk.
  • Nativism

    Nativism
    Favoritism toward native-born Americans, caused immigrants issues with jobs and adapting to the new culture and language. The Nativists went public in 1854 when they formed the 'American Party', which was especially hostile to the immigration of Irish Catholics and campaigned for laws to require longer wait time between immigration and naturalization.
  • Bessemer Process

    Bessemer Process
    he Bessemer Process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel from molten pig iron before the development of the open hearth furnace. The key principle is removal of impurities from the iron by oxidation with air being blown through the molten iron
  • Robber Baron

    Robber Baron
    Wealthy people that were ruthless ,Ran other companies out of business becoming more rich .
  • Andrew Carnegie

    Andrew Carnegie
    Andrew Carnegie was an American industrialist who amassed a fortune in the steel industry then became a major philanthropist.He was wealthy and gave much of his money away during the Gilded Age
  • Tenement

    Tenement
    Small apartments built in cities wee immigrants lived in during the Gilded Age .
  • Federation of Labor

    Federation of Labor
    Alliance of skilled workers in craft unions;
    concentrated on brea-and-butter issues such as higher wages, shorter hours, and better working conditions ,founded by Samuel G.
  • Populism and Progressivism

    Populism and Progressivism
    The movement of immigration and there people .New inventions and imporved Acts starting to make society better
  • Knight of Labor

    Knight of Labor
    1st Labor Union ,fought for reasonable hours ,safer workplace ,and Convict wages during the Progressive Era
  • Jacob Riss

    Jacob Riss
    Wrote the “Tenement of New York” showing the poor and rich during the Gilded Age ;starvation ,diseases ,strikes and safety standards
  • The Gilded Age

    The Gilded Age
    A Tale of Today, which satirized an era of serious social problems masked by a thin gold gilding. Late 19th century, from the 1870s to about 1900.
  • Alexander Graham Bell

    Alexander Graham Bell
    Invented the telephone , giving the people an easier way for them to contact their family members or friends during the Gilded Age
  • Great Railroad Strike

    Great Railroad Strike
    Provoked by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's decision to cut wages for the second time in a year .Easier way to travel during the Gilded Age .
  • Settlement Houses

    Settlement Houses
    Helped bring rich and poor together during the Gilded Age. Treating everyone equally no matter what they’re worth .
  • Haymarket Riot

    Haymarket Riot
    The Haymarket Riot was a labor protest rally near Chicago's Haymarket Square that turned into a riot after someone threw a bomb at police. At least eight people died as a result of the violence that day. Despite a lack of evidence against them, eight radical labor activists were convicted in connection with the bombing
  • Social Gospel

    Social Gospel
    Social Gospel was a religious movement that arose during the second half of the nineteenth century. Ministers, especially ones belonging to the Protestant branch of Christianity, began to tie salvation and good works together. They argued that people must emulate the life of Jesus Christ.
  • Samuel Gompers

    Samuel Gompers
    He was originally a cigar maker but later on he founded the American Federation of labor which was the first successful labor union around the time .
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    Ended this Gilded system of monopoly by arguing that under the Commerce Act of the Constitution the Federal government can interfere and prevent monopolies from forming ,reason for railroads
  • Jane Addams

    Jane Addams
    Jane Addams was a pioneer American settlement activist/reformer, social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace. She created the first settlement house in the United States, Chicago's Hull House.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    Prohibit monopolies that were growing rapidly ,helped both poor and rich .First law that tried to stop monopoly but need up not.
  • Ida B. Wells

    Ida B. Wells
    Ida B. Wells was a journalist, she led an anti-lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890s, and went on to found and become integral in groups striving for African-American justice.
  • Susan B. Anthony

    Susan B. Anthony
    She partnered with Elizabeth Cady Stanton and would eventually lead the National American Woman Suffrage Association during The Gilded Age .Womens rights to vote
  • Homstead Strike

    Homstead Strike
    Carnegie steel company, against the nations strongest trade union, the amalgamated association of iron and steel workers
  • Eugene V Debbs

    Eugene V Debbs
    Eugene V. Debbs was a socialist, presidential candidate, war opponent.Born of French immigrant parents in Terre Haute, Indiana. Debs became active in the labor movement in the 1870s and created the American Railway Union (ARU), an industrial union, in 1893.
  • Pullman Strike

    Pullman Strike
    Pullman strike This was a nonviolent strike which brought about a shut down of western railroads, which took place against the Pullman Palace Car Company in Chicago in 1894 ,because of the poor wages of the Pullman workers. It was ended by the president due to the interference with the mail system, and brought a bad image upon unions.
  • Klondike Gold Rush

    Klondike Gold Rush
    The Klondike Gold Rush was a migration with an estimated 100,000 prospectors to the Klondike region of the Yukon in north-western Canada between 1896 and 1899.
  • Theodore Roosevelt

    Theodore Roosevelt
    Theodore Roosevelt was known as the first modern President of the United States. His presidency endowed the progressive movement with credibility, lending the prestige of the White House to welfare legislation, government regulation, and the conservation movement.
  • Industrial Workers of the World

    Industrial Workers of the World
    This radical union aimed to unite the American working class into one union to promote labor's interests. It worked to organize unskilled and foreign-born laborers, advocated social revolution and led several major strikes during the Progressive Era .
  • Pure food and Drug act

    Pure food and Drug act
    An Act preventing the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated or misbranded or poisonous or deleterious foods, drugs, medicines, and liquors, and for regulating traffic therein. Helped people around the time be safer .
  • Muckrakers

    Muckrakers
    Journalist who exposed the evils of society during the Progressive Era ,made people realize what was actually going on .
  • Dollar Dimplomacy

    Dollar Dimplomacy
    From 1909 to 1913 president William Howard taft followed a foreign policy characterized as dollar diplomacy.
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    the Constitution specified that senators were elected by state legislatures. Consequently, the Constitution was changed with the 17th Amendment so that 'the Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years.
  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
    The 18th Amendment did not prohibit the consumption of alcohol, but rather simply the sale, manufacture, and transportation of alcoholic beverages.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution granted American women the right to vote a right known as woman suffrage. At the time the U.S. was founded, its female citizens did not share all of the same rights as men, including the right to vote.
  • Tea Pot Dome Scandal

    Tea Pot Dome Scandal
    Tea Pot Dome Scandal was a bribery incident that took place in the United States from 1921 to 1922, during the administration of President Warren G. Harding
  • Clarence Darrow

    Clarence Darrow
    Clarence Darrow volunteered to defend John Scopes' right to teach evolution, Clarence Darrow had already reached the top of his profession. The year before, in a sensational trial in Chicago, he saved the child-killers Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb from the death penalty.
  • 16th Amendment

    16th Amendment
    The 16th amendment allows the federal (United States) government to collect an income tax from all Americans. Income tax allows for the federal government to keep an army, build roads and bridges, enforce laws and carry out other important duties.