Union title

Labor Unions in the United States

  • National Labor Union

    National Labor Union
    Founded by William Sylvis, combined the estimated 20,000 local labor unions of the United States, and created the First National Labor Union, which fought for higher wages and shorter hours. Eventually fell due to the inclusion of too many groups with different agendas.
  • Order of the Knights of Labor, Colored National Labor Union

    Order of the Knights of Labor, Colored National Labor Union
    A secret society founded by Uriah Stephens, the Knights of Labor endorsed many similar proposals as the NLU, but differed in their philosophy; "class was more important than race or gender".(US History.org)
  • First Labor Day Parade

    First Labor Day Parade
  • Bureau of Labor Statistics

    Bureau of Labor Statistics
    A subset of the Department of Interior, the bureau reported on industrial depressions. Eventually moves to the Labor Department in 1913.
  • American Federation of Labor

    American Federation of Labor
    Founded by Samuel Gompers, the AFL was a loose grouping of smaller craft unions. The difference between it and the Knights of Labor, was that the AFL were almost exclusively skilled workers.
  • Haymarket Riot

    Haymarket Riot
    A nation wide riot of working hours. One of the turning points of history, as anarchists joined the rally in Chicago, and threw bombs at police officers. This resulted in the Police shooting back, and the effect of the entire situation, was the destruction of the view of unions.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    Original legislation that had many implications including, limiting trade between states and foreign powers and making monopolies of industries illegal. Used primarily by President T. Roosevelt to become "The Trust Buster"
  • Homestead Strike

    Homestead Strike
    In a meeting that Pitted Carnegie Steel versus one of the strongest Labor unions, Plant manager Henery Frick, began locking strike workers out of the plant. Frick gathered armed resistance to keep workers out of the plant, which eventually led to 9 guard and 7 strikers dying
  • Pullman Strike

    Pullman Strike
    A large rail road strike and boycott. Broken up by the federal government through injunction, due to its affect of public transportation
  • Women’s Trade Union League

    Women’s Trade Union League
  • Uprising of the 20,000

    Uprising of the 20,000
  • Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire

    Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire
    Large factory fire in New York City, resulting in the death of over 140 workers. Most of the deaths were brought on by poor safety conditions, such as locked doors, and sweatshop conditions. A large turning point for advocates of workers rights.
  • Creation of Labor Department

    Creation of  Labor Department
  • Ludlow Massacre

    Ludlow Massacre
  • Federal Compensation Act

    Federal Compensation Act
  • Railway Labor Act

    Railway Labor Act
  • Longshore and Harbor Workers Compensation Act

    Longshore and Harbor Workers Compensation Act
  • National Labor Relations Act and Social Security Act passed

    National Labor Relations Act and Social Security Act passed
    Enacted by congress to protect the rights of employees and employers. Encourages collective bargaining. The Social Security act established benefits for workers, victims of industrial accidents, the unemployed for single mother, and the handicapped.
  • General Motors strike

    General Motors strike
  • Fair Labor Standards Act

    Fair Labor Standards Act
  • FLSA

    Created during the 2nd Roosevelt administration, the FLSA established the original federal minimum wage, and a forty hour work week. it also included paid overtime, child labor laws as well as an enforcement team to uphold the laws.
  • Taft-Hartley Act

    Taft-Hartley Act
    Officialy known as the Labor Management Relations Act, an act that restricted the activity of Union members. It did this by acquiring the right to issue injunctions on dangerous strikes, and by banning secondary strikes.
  • AFL and CIO merge

    AFL and CIO merge
    Following the Taft-Hartley Act and change in leader ship within the CIO, the CIO along with the AFL and held 1/3rd of the non-agricultural workers shortly after the merger.
  • Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act

    Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
  • Equal Pay Act

    Equal Pay Act
    Established that both men and women would recieve equal pay for equal work. Also stated employers couldn't reduce wage based on sex.
  • Occupational Safety and Health Act passed

    Occupational Safety and Health Act passed
    Signed by President Nixon,the OSHA further ensured workers' rights Include a safe and healthy workplace.
  • President Reagan breaks air traffic controllers’s strike

    President Reagan breaks air traffic controllers’s strike
  • Teachers strike

    Teachers strike
    A two week statewide strike by West Virginian teachers over their pay. It ended when the W. Virginian Governor James C. Justice, signed a bill giving the teachers a 5% pay increase.
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    Bibliography 2

    Silverman, Jacob. “How Labor Unions Work.” HowStuffWorks, HowStuffWorks, 7 June 2007, money.howstuffworks.com/labor-union5.htm.
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    Bibliography 3

    “Labor History Timeline: 1607 - 1999.” Social Welfare History Project, 28 Oct. 2015, socialwelfare.library.vcu.edu/organizations/labor/labor-history-timeline-1607-1999/.
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    “UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR.” The U.S. Department of Labor Historical Timeline, www.dol.gov/100/timeline/?utm_medium=email&utm_source=govdelivery#19.