The Classical Period (1730s-1810s)

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In Music
  • Pietro Metastasio (1698-1782)

    Pietro Metastasio (1698-1782)
    Court Poet in Vienna, most important author of librettos for the 18th Century. Cadrà fra poco in cenère'
  • Giovanni Battista Sammartini (1700-1775)

    Giovanni Battista Sammartini (1700-1775)
    Italian composer and innovator of the symphony. Sinfonia for strings & b.c. in C major
  • Farinelli (1705-1782)

    Farinelli (1705-1782)
    One of the most famous castrati in the 18th Century.
  • František Xaver Richter (1709-1789)

    František Xaver Richter (1709-1789)
    German composer, one of the foremost Mannheim composers, the innovator of the string quartet. Symphony No.53 in D-major "Trumpet"
  • Domenico Alberti (1710-1740)

    Domenico Alberti (1710-1740)
    Italian composer, singer, and harpsicordist. Inventor of basso alberti.
    Sonata IV in Gm
  • Treaty of Utrech

    England signed the peace with France
  • Nikolaus I, Prince Esterházy (1714-1790)

    Nikolaus I, Prince Esterházy (1714-1790)
    Haydn's patron and employer until 1790.
  • Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714-1788)

    Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714-1788)
    Eldest son of J.S.Bach, wrote in Baroque and Classical styles.
    Cello Concerto in A minor
  • Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714-1787)

    Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714-1787)
    German opera-reform composer created a new balance between music and drama. Dance of the Blessed Spirits
  • Johann Stamitz (1717-1757)

    Johann Stamitz (1717-1757)
    Conductor, violinist, and teacher. Helped to establish the symphonic genre.
    Missa Solemnis
  • Publishing of the Well Tempered Clavier

    J.S. Bach publishes The Well-Tempered Clavier, a collection of 24 Preludes and Fugues
  • Dr. Charles Burney (1726-1814)

    Dr. Charles Burney (1726-1814)
    Music historian, organist, and author.
  • Handel composed Zadok the Priest

    Handel composes Zadok the Priest for the crowning of George II, and it has been sung at every subsequent British coronation
  • Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)

    Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
    Austrian teacher, keyboardist, composer, and violinist. Wrote more than 100 symphonies.
    La Passione
  • Johann Christian Bach (1735-1782)

    Johann Christian Bach (1735-1782)
    Worked in Milan and in London. Son of J.S. Bach and friend of Mozart.
    Symphony in G-minor, Op.6, No.6
  • Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805)

    Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805)
    Italian composer and cellist. Minuetto
  • William Billings (1746-1800)

    William Billings (1746-1800)
    Most prominent composer in New America, singing teacher. American Revolutionary Song: Chester
  • Domenico Cimarosa (1749-1801)

    Domenico Cimarosa (1749-1801)
    Italian composer, extremely successful in his day. "Il Matrimonio segreto" - Ouverture
  • Lorenzo da Ponte (1749-1838)

    Lorenzo da Ponte (1749-1838)
    Italian librettist and poet who moved to the US and become a professor at Columbia College.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832)

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832)
    German writer and Poet.
  • Antonio Salieri (1750-1825)

    Antonio Salieri (1750-1825)
    Extremely successful Italian composer and teacher.
    Piano Concerto in C
  • Muzio clementi (1752-1832)

    Muzio clementi (1752-1832)
    English composer of Italian birth. Keyboardist, teacher, music publisher, and piano manufacturer. Piano Concerto in Cm
  • Magisterial dictionary of English

    Samuel Johnson publishes his magisterial Dictionary of the English Language
  • Wolfang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)

    Wolfang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)
    Austrian composer, a child prodigy, one of the best musicians and composers of all time. Rondo Alla Turca
  • Ignace Joseph Pleyel (1757-1831)

    Ignace Joseph Pleyel (1757-1831)
    Austrian composer, piano maker, and publisher. Published more than 4000 works. Sinfonia Concertante No.5 in F major
  • Star and Stripes flag

    Congress adopts a new flag for independent America – the stars and stripes
  • Marriage of Figaro premiere

    Mozart's Marriage of Figaro was premiered in Vienna.
  • Washington, DC, established as the capital of the United States

  • Library of Congress founded

     Library of Congress founded
    The Library of Congres was founded on April 24, 1800