The Civil War

  • Manifest Destiny

    The idea that westward expansion wa just and inevitable.
  • Oregon Trail

    Streched from Missouri to Oregon. Many settlers traveled west on this road.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Effort of Congress that alowwed Missouri and Maine to be admitted; Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state. It also prohibited slavery North of the 3630 parallel.
  • Abolition

    The militant crusade began in the 1830's and the North wanted to outlaw the system of slavery while the South wanted to continue their way of life owning slaves.
  • Santa Fe Trail

    Pioneered in 1821 by William Becknell, it connected Missouri to New Mexico. It was a crucial commercial highway.
  • San Felipe de Austin

    It was a small town in Texas founded in 1824.It was one of the first colonies in Texas.
  • Mexico abolishes slavery

    In 1829 Mexico outlawed slavery. Settlers in Texas were outraged by this change.
  • The Liberator

    It was an abolitionist newspaper founded by William Lloyd Garrison and Isaac Knapp in 1831. This paper continued for three decades.
  • Nat Turner’s Rebellion

    A failed slave revolt occuring in August of 1831. Slaves killed between 55 and 65 people during the rebellion.
  • Stephen F. Austin goes to jail

    He was imprisoned on January 3, 1834 on suspicion of inciting insurrection.
  • Texas Revolution

    When colonists rebelled against the centralist Mexican governement. it resulted in the retreat of Mexico.
  • Texas enters the United States

    Six months after the congress of the Republic of Texas accepts U.S. annexation of the territory, Texas is admitted into the United States as the 28th state.
  • Mexican-American War

    Caused by the Texan Revolution, this was granted the U.S. to annex Texas in the end.
  • The North Star

    This was an anti-slavery newspaper published in 1847 by Fredrick Douglass. It was inspired by The Liberator.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty between Mexico and U.S., which was signed on February 2, 1848 in the Villa of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the Mexican-American war.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Series of 5 bills passed by Congress in 1850, creating a four year plan to solve conflicts over whether lands acquried from Mexico would be free oe not.
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Law passed in 1850 that stated that any runaway slave found was to be returned to his owner; this applied in the free north as well.
  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin

    Anti-slavery novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe, it helped create the basis for the Civil War.
  • Underground Railroad

    A system set up by Harriet Tubman, which helped free slaves and get them from the South to the North.
  • Harriet Tubman

    She ran the Underground Railroad for 40 years and helped free over 300 slaves personally.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    This law created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement. It also cancelled the effects of the Missouri compromise so that white males could choose by popular sovreignty whether there would be slavery or not.
  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

    Supreme Court ruling that stated African Americans could not be American citizens; therefore, they couldn't sue in court and that the Federal government didn't have the right to decide on slavery in territories acquired after the creation of the U.S.
  • Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas Debates

    Series of debates between the Republican presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln and the Democratic presidential candidate Stephen Douglas.
  • John Brown’s raid/Harpers Ferry

    An abolitionist's, John Brown, idea to begin an armed slave revolt in Harper's Ferry, Virginia. Unfortunately it failed and resulted in his imprisonment and ultimately he was sentenced to death for treason.
  • Abraham Lincoln becomes president

    Abraham Lincoln took office in 1860, Beating Democratic candidate Stephen Douglas and becoming the first president from the Republican party.
  • Formation of the Confederacy

    It was comprised of 7 states in the South and it was their way of continuing their way of life and saving their economy.
  • Attack on Fort Sumter

    The attack on and surrender of Fort Sumter which started the Civil War.
  • Battle of Bull Run

    The first major battle of the Civil War. The Union's troops were slow allowing the Confederate's reinforcements to arrive, leading to a Confederate victory.
  • Income Tax

    Lincoln placed the first income tax on Americans in order to fund the Civil War.
  • Battle at Antietam

    The first battle of the Civil War that was fought on Northern soil. Though he didnt defeat the Confederate troops, he did manage to stop their advance north.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    A decree made by Abe Lincoln stating that all slaves, including those in rebellious states were free.
  • Conscription

    The first wartime draft placed on American citizens is put into effect by Congress.
  • Battle at Gettysburg

    A major turning point in the Civil War where Robert E. Lee attempted to invade the North after a confidence boosting victory.
  • Gettysburg address

    A Union Address made by Abe Lincoln after the deafeat of the Confederacy, Dedicated to the equality of all humans.
  • Battle at Vicksburg

    The last major battle of the Civil War. The Union army crossed the Mississippi river and seiged Vicksburg.
  • Sherman’s March

    A campaign that began in the captured city of Atlanta and ended in the port city of Savannah.
  • Surrender at Appomattox Court House

    The official end of the Civil War, where Lee surrendered 28,000 troops in the Appomattox Court House.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    This amendment staes the slavery and involuntary servitude are illegal, except for as punishment for a crime.
  • Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    John Wiles Booth, a confederacy sympathizer, fatally shot Lincoln in the back of the head during Hamlet at the Ford Theater.