Special Education History

  • Council for Exceptional Children

    Council for Exceptional Children
    CEC advocates for appropriate governmental policies that set professional standards and provide resources to contribute to the educator's development. CEC is known as the source of information, resources, and professional development for special educators.
    https://exceptionalchildren.org/
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    Elementary and Secondary Education Act
    ESEA authorized states to run programs for eligible schools and districts to enhance the academic achievement of struggling learners and address the complex challenges that arise for students who live with a disability, mobility problems, learning difficulties, poverty, need to learn English. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lFWYX-dyt6c
  • Section 504

    Section 504
    Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act was the first approved civil rights law for people with disabilities in the United States. It prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in programs that receive federal financial assistance and sets the stage for the enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act.
  • Education of All Handicapped Children

    Education of All Handicapped Children
    The Public Law of Education for All Handicapped Children addressed concerns related to children with disabilities who were entirely excluded from the education system or were denied the appropriate education. The purposes of the law were to ensure access to free proper special education, the protection of the rights, assist the states in providing education, and evaluate the effectiveness of the services offered to children with disabilities.
  • National Center for Learning Disabilities

    National Center for Learning Disabilities
    Its mission was to provide leadership, public awareness, and grants to support research and innovative practices in learning disabilities. The NCLD works to empower parents and young adults, transform schools, and advocate for equal rights and opportunities. The goal is to create a society in which every individual possesses the academic, social, and emotional skills needed to succeed in school, at work, and in life.
  • The National Organization on Disability

    The National Organization on Disability
    The NOD was the first organization in the United States to represent every person with a disability, regardless of particular needs or circumstances. Its mission is to break down the barriers that face people with disabilities. The organization ensures that people with disabilities can achieve dignity, fulfillment, and financial independence from productive employment. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KIuS4d6MJRE
  • Amendments to the EHA

    Amendments to the EHA
    The amendments established a new Early Intervention State Grant Program for infants and toddlers from birth through the age of two, a preschool program to serve children ages three through five, and to expand and improve various discretionary programs within the Education of the Handicapped Act (EHA) programs. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0022347688805651
  • Individuals With Disabilities Education Act

    Individuals With Disabilities Education Act
    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) made available free appropriate public education to eligible children with disabilities in the U.S. It ensured early interventions, special education, and related services throughout the nation. Also, it authorized formula grants and discretionary grants to support the research in special education resources. https://sites.ed.gov/idea/about-idea/#IDEA-Purpose
  • The Am with Disabilities Act

    The Am with Disabilities Act
    The ADA established a broad definition of who is disabled. This law forbade discrimination in public and private settings against anyone with disabilities who is substantially limited to any major life activity. Local and state governments, private sector employers, transportation programs, and public and privately-owned should accommodate those individuals following this rule.
  • Amendment to the IDEA

    Amendment to the IDEA
    This amendment provided more details about who needs to be present during Individualized Education Plan (IEP) meetings and the required paperwork and procedures. Also, IDEA’s disciplinary standards and regulations were updated. In addition, states are responsible for keeping the documentation and tracking each special needs student's performance, growth, and evolution.
  • No Child Left Behind

    No Child Left Behind
    NCLB is a law that applies to all students within the U.S and requires that students from 3rd to 8th grade (including an additional year in high school) take an annual government-designed assessment in mathematics and reading. This allows parents to have the flexibility to choose their child school. Finally, NCLB reinforces the ESEA, which provides funds for primary and secondary education and other contributions to the American education system.