Space timeline (science)

Timeline created by cn19235
  • The Soviet Union launched the first satellite, Sputnik, into space.

  • The Soviet craft Sputnik 5 was launched, carrying the dogs Strelka and Belka. They became the first living beings to survive a trip into space.

  • Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space.

  • Astronaut Alan Shepard became the first American in space.

  • - President Kennedy challenged the country to put a man on the moon by the end of the decade.

  • - The Russian spacecraft Luna 9 became the first spacecraft to land on the moon.

  • - Surveyor 1 became the first American spacecraft to land on the moon.

  • - The Soviet spacecraft Zond 5 was launched and later became the first spacecraft to orbit the moon and return to Earth.

  • - Apollo 8 was launched, and later her crewmembers became the first men to orbit the moon.

  • - Neil Armstrong and "Buzz" Aldrin became the first men on the moon.

  • - Apollo 13 was launched.

  • - The Soviet craft Luna 16 was launched and became the first automatic spacecraft to return soil samples of the moon.

  • - The Soviet Venera 7 became the first probe to land on Venus.

  • - The U.S. launched its first space station, Skylab.

  • - The American probe Viking 2 discovered water frost on the Martian surface.