Social Studies- period 2

  • Period: Jan 1, 1492 to

    Social Studies, period 2

  • Aug 3, 1492

    The Journey Begins

    The Journey Begins
    On August 3rd, 1492 Columbus's 3 ships set sail. The nina, The Pinta and Santa Maria.
  • Jan 1, 1493

    Pope Alexander VI drew a boundary for spain and Portugal

    The line of demarcation divided the Atlantic Ocean. Spain coud claim all the land west of the line.
  • Oct 29, 1501

    Amerigo Vespucci thinks he found a new world

    He led a spanish fleet to the coast of present-day of South America
  • Oct 26, 1519

    Hernan Cortes left Cuba to sail Mexico

    He heard of a wealthy land and he conquered the Aztec Empire.
  • Nov 28, 1524

    The Council of The Indies

    This was formed to govern the America's from Spain.
  • Dec 29, 1528

    Alvar Nunez Cabeza De Vaca joined an Expedition

    Their group of 300 men landed on florida and they faced shortages of food.
  • May 2, 1539

    Native Americans get better treatment.

    De Vaca returned to Spain and he called for a better treatment of Native Americans
  • Jan 20, 1540

    Began to explore north american southwest

    De Vaca's wanted to find the legendary seven cities of gold.
  • English VS. Armada

    The Armada's defeat shocked the Spanish and their economy was in trouble.
  • Pilgrims leave to The Netherlands

    Pilgrims leave to The Netherlands
    The pilgrims were finally able to practice their religion. Eventually, they left Europe because they feared the children would forget english traditions.
  • Hudson sails to New York

    He went to go find a North American Passage. They didnt find it but it lead to the Increased European interest in North America.
  • Failure of Jamestown

    In 1609, 400 settlers arrived and diseases spread and this period was known as the starving time. Only 60 people remained alive.
  • Slavery began expanding

    Slavery began expanding
    A Dutch ship brought the first africans to Virginia.
  • Mayflower Compact

    Pilgrims wanted to establish their own laws, so they created a legal contract which they agreed to have fair laws.
  • Squanto teaches Pilgrims

    Squanto was an Indian that taught the pilgrims many things like looking for food and making their colonies better.
  • Dutch presence in the new world

    Peter Minuit bought Manhattan, they founded New Amsterdam. Which is now called New York City.
  • Harvard College

    Harvard College
    John Harvard founded this college. They taught ministers and met the colonies needs for education.
  • Public Education

    The General Cout of Massachusetts said that a school must be founded in every township.
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    This act reduced the powers of the English Monarch.
  • Enlightment Movement

    Colonists were influenced by Enlightment. Which was the idea that reason and logic could improve society.
  • Higher Education

    By this time, women and men could read and write.
  • Carolina split into 2.

    It was very hard to govern the colony all together, so they split Carolina into two. North Carolina and South Carolina.
  • Great Awakening

    Great Awakening
    This was a religious movement that swept through the colonies. People began to come together to hear sermons.
  • Sugar Act

    Parliament passed down the Sugar Act which set duties on molasses and sugar imported by colonists. It was the first act passed to raise money.
  • First Colonial Boycott

    People refused to buy British goods in New York, then it soon spread through other colonies because of high taxes.
  • Stamp Act

    This act required colonists to pay for an official stamp or seal, when they bought paper items.
  • First Continental Congress

    It was a gathering of Colonial leaders who were deeply troubled about the relationship between great britain and its colonies in America.
  • Declaration of Indepence

    Declaration of Indepence
    This announced the colonies break from Great Britain, on July 4th,1776.
  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown
    This was the last major battle of the American Revolution.
  • Dollar Currency

    Dollar Currency
    The United States begins using the dollar currency.
  • America's 1st president

    George Washington becomes the first president of the united states.
  • Purchase of Louisiana

    This purchase by Thomas Jefferson doubled the size of the land in the United States.
  • Embargo Act

    Congress passed this act. The law essentially banned trade with all foreign countries.
  • Treaty of Ghent

    Treaty of Ghent
    This treaty was signed at Belgium and ended the war between Britain and U.S
  • James Monroe becomes president.

    James Monroe becomes president.
    He sent U.S troops to go protect Florida's border.
  • Gallaudet finds the first free american school for the hearing impaired.

    Thomas Gallaudet improved the Education and lives of people with hearing impairements.
  • Harriet Tubman is born.

    Harriet Tubman is born.
    She is the most famous underground railroad conductor and is known as, " The moses of her people".
  • James Fenimore Cooper publishes a novel, "The Pioneers"

    Critics said that Cooper's characters were not interesting at all. They critisized all the women in his stories.
  • Era of Good Feelings

    The U.S enjoyed the Era of Good feelings. This was a time of peace, pride and progess. from 1815-1835.
  • Indian Removal Act

    All Native Americans who lived East of the Mississippi River were removed and were told to move west. Then they established an Indian territory, which is now Oklahoma.
  • Perfection of the Telegraph

    Perfection of the Telegraph
    Samuel F.B Morse perfected the telegraph. A device that could send information over wires across great distances.
  • The Irish Potatoe Famine

    The Irish Potatoe Famine
    This was a disease that caused rot in potatoes. More than a million poeple died of starvation and diseases in Ireland. Then more people fled to the United States.
  • Seneca Falls Convention

    This was the first public meeting about women's rights held in the United States.
  • Pottawatomie Massacre

    John Brown killed 5 pro-slavery men in Kansas. The abolitionist managed to escape. Kansas collapsed into Civil War, about 200 people were killed.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Abraham Lincoln wrote this military order that freed slaves controlled by the Confederacy.
  • Lincoln was murdered.

    Lincoln was murdered.
    John Wikes Booth, a southern who opposed Lincoln's policies shot him. He died early the next morning.
  • Fifteen Amandment

    The congress proposed this amandment to give African American men the right to vote.
  • First African American in US Senate.

    First African American in US Senate.
    Hiram Revels was the first african american man to be part of the Senate. He was a clergyman, educator, and politian.
  • Panic of 1873

    The failure of an important business sent panic through the stock market. Companies had to buy their shares back; The failure of almost 18,000 businesses led the nation into an economic crisis.
  • Reconstruction Era

    During the Reconstruction Era, the U.S was rebuilding itself after having divisions based on race and sectionalism.