Social Movements and Influential People

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    Abolition Movement

    1830-1860 was approximately the heart of the abolition movement in America. The abolition movement was the push to free the African Americans still in slavery, and get rid of slavery in the US once and for all. The abolition movement was a direct cause of the Civil War, as the county split over the issue of slavery.
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    Nativism Movement

    The Nativist Moment lasted approximately from 1830 to 1845, when large numbers of immigrants were coming to the United States. Nativists fears immigrants would take their jobs and disrupt to culture of Anglo majority.
  • William Lloyd Garrison publishes "The Liberator"

    William Lloyd Garrison publishes "The Liberator"
    In 1831, William Lloyd Garrison published the first copy of "The Liberator", his anti-slavery newspaper. "The Liberator" reached thousands of people worldwide, and Garrison became a leading voice of the Abolition movement.
  • Washingtonian Society Formed

    Washingtonian Society Formed
    The Washingtonian Society was formed in Maryland by 6 alcoholics who hoped to achieve moral reform. It became an organization for recovering alcoholics. The believed that alcoholism was a disease that needed to be treated.
  • Lowell Factory Labor Reform Association

    Lowell Factory Labor Reform Association
    When promises of good living conditions, supervised boarding houses, and fair wages fell incredibly short for the girls working at the Lowell Mill in MA, they formed a labor union, called the Lowell Factory Labor Reform Association (LFLRA) Sarah Bagely was named the first president of the LFLRA in 1845, and they fought for better working conditions, a 10 hour workday, and other women's rights.
  • Seneca Falls Convention

    Seneca Falls Convention
    1848 marked the beginning of the Women's Rights movement. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott organized the Seneca Falls Convention, a meeting of women and men in Seneca Falls, NY. There they discussed the social, civil, and religion condition and rights of women, and signed the Declaration of Sentiments.
  • Declaration of Sentiments signed

    Declaration of Sentiments signed
    The Declaration of Sentiments was the document signed by 68 women and 32 men at the Seneca Falls Convention. The document's principle writer was Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who was a leader in the push for women's rights and abolitionism.
  • Harriet Tubman Escapes From Slavery

    Harriet Tubman Escapes From Slavery
    In 1849, Harriet Tubman successfully escaped from slavery in Maryland. She then became the leader of the Underground Railroad, risking her life countless times to help other enslaved people reach freedom.
  • American Political Party (Know-Nothing) formed

    American Political Party (Know-Nothing) formed
    The American Political party was founded in 1849. It's members opposed immigrants and members of the Catholic Church. They believed Catholics were more loyal to the Pope than the United States. They hoped to deny these people jobs and positions in politics.
  • Whig Party splits over slavery issue

    Whig Party splits over slavery issue
    The deaths of Henry Clay and Daniel Webster greatly weakened the Whig Party, and they found themselves divided over the issue of slavery. The divided party was unable to successfully get anyone into office, so the Northern Whigs joined the new Republican party while the Southern Whigs joined the Democrats.
  • Five Points House of Industry

    Five Points House of Industry
    The Five Points House of Industry was established in 1851 in response to the corrupt and crime ridden Five Points district in Manhattan. Its purpose was to morally reform the women who were forced into prostitution to support their families, by giving them a place to stay and helping them find jobs, as well as bringing Christianity into their lives.
  • Maine Outlaws Alcohol

    Maine Outlaws Alcohol
    In 1851, Maine passed the "Maine Law", which prohibited the manufacturing and consumption of alcohol. Maine was the first of several states to do so during the Temperance Movement of the Antebellum.
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes "Uncle Tom's Cabin"

    Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
    On March 20, 1852, Harriet Beecher Stowe published her anti-slavery novel, "Uncle Tom's Cabin". The book was a strong depiction of the harsh life for African Americans living in slavery. Her book influenced many more people to become abolitionists during the 1850s.