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Slavery & the Events Leading up to the Civil War

  • Abolitionist David Walker

    Abolitionist David Walker
    David Walker was born a free man on September 28th, 1785 in Wilmington North Carolina. He was able to read and write at a young age. When He was 30 he left the south because “If I remain in this bloody land I will not live long. As true as God reigns, I will be avenged for the sorrow which my people have suffered.” In September of 1828 Walker and three others wrote a pamphlet call Walker’s Appeal. The appeal was very harsh and bitter about slavery.
  • Abolistionist David Walker Part 2

    Abolistionist David Walker Part 2
    David Walker’s main message was “If Liberty if not given, you rise up in bloody rebellion.” Unlike many abolitionists he was not peaceful. A black minister in Georgia saw Walker’s Appeal and told the authorities. The police told the Governor and a bill was passed saying that circulation of materials that might incite slaves to rebel or start a riot. The South was frightened and hated him. There was a reward for his capture, $10,000 alive and $1,000 alive.
  • Abolitionist David Walker Part 3

    Abolitionist David Walker Part 3
    The south was even more worried and strict after Nat Turner’s rebellion that is believed to be influenced by David Walker. Other abolitionists did not agree with Walker’s Appeal or David Walker’s was of influencing violence to promote freedom. David Walker died not long after writing the appeal on June 28th, 1830.
  • Underground Railroad

    Underground Railroad
    Isaac T. Hopper, a Quaker, began a system for hiding and aiding runaway slaves in 1787. This is what started the Underground Railroad. March 20th is the first day of spring, and spring was the safest time to of the year to escape, therefore March 20, 1787 will be the start date. The end date, December 6, 1865 was when the 13th Amendment ending slavery was passed, thus ending the need to escape on the Underground Railroad.
  • Underground Railroad Part 2

    Underground Railroad Part 2
    Ever since the start of the Underground Railroad slaves have been running towards freedom in the North. However in there was a compromise in 1850, that promised something called the Fugitive Slave Act. The act meant runaway slaves or even free blacks in the North had to be returned to slave owners in the South. Any whites helping could be jailed six months or fined $1000 but they helped anyway.
  • Underground Railroad Part 3

    Underground Railroad Part 3
    Since the North was no longer free the Underground Railroad really picked up and slaves headed to the only truly free place, Canada. There were many ways that helped slaves (or fugitives as the south called them) travel. Fugitives would follow the North Star, rivers, or the moss growing on the north side of a tree. Northerners did a lot to help as well; they were stationmasters, stockholders or conductors. Stationmasters let slaves hide in their homes.
  • Underground Railroad Part 4

    Underground Railroad Part 4
    Stationmasters would leave a candle in the window to signal they are a safe house. They would also have quilts hanging with symbols that all meant something. Stockholders were known for giving slaves supplies like new clothing or food. Fugitives needed new clothes to disguises themselves to not be noticed as runaways. Conductors guided slaves to freedom and led them to a safe house. Conductors also set up passages or safe paths to freedom.
  • Underground Railroad Part 5

    Underground Railroad Part 5
    A famous abolitionist conductor was Harriet Tubman, she man 19 trips to the South to free slaves. Everything about the Underground Railroad was intended to be secret, the trails were secret, and the signals, and the names were all in codes. Slaves tried to take different routes to throw off the slave catchers. Some slaves would walk up the Mississippi River but there was a risk because this trail was no secret to slave catchers. Some were even more daring and booked an easy passage on a boat.
  • Underground Railroad Part 6

    Underground Railroad Part 6
    . It was not physically trying but mentally was difficult, for constant fear of being caught. The Appalachian Mountains or the Coastal swamps were other routes to take. Many slaves saw the Ohio River as safety because they were in the North. They were not quite free until they reached the safety of Canada. Slaves crossed frequently at the Great Lakes. Abolitionists such as Harriet Tubman or Levi Coffin helped many slaves find an escape.
  • Underground Railroad Part 7

    Underground Railroad Part 7
    The Underground Railroad continued for years later until 1865. In 1865 the Civil War was just ending and a series of amendments passed including the 13th. The 13th amendment abolished slavery making the United States free.
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    Underground Railroad

    Isaac T. Hopper, a Quaker, began a system for hiding and aiding runaway slaves in 1787. This is what started the Underground Railroad. March 20th is the first day of spring, and spring was the safest time to of the year to escape, therefore March 20, 1787 will be the start date. The end date, December 6, 1865 was when the 13th Amendment ending slavery was passed, thus ending the need to escape on the Underground Railroad.
  • The Missouri Compromise

    The Missouri Compromise
    Missouri Compromise: Thomas Jefferson has recently bought The Louisiana Purchase and many southerners see this as an opportunity. Many slave owners picked up and moved to Missouri bringing the slaves. When they apply statehood the question was asked. Should Missouri be allowed to be a slave state? James Tallmadge of the Northern state New York has a suggestion. He says allow Missouri to keep their slaves, but not get any more. Also the children of the slaves of the slaves are to be freed at 25.
  • The Missouri Compromise Part Two

    The Missouri Compromise Part Two
    However this offends the South, Why does congress get to make conditions to states entering the Union? William Pinkey believes the new states will not be equal as the original states because they never had conditions. Finally a two-part compromise came and Missouri entered as a slave state. The 30’36’ line was created. All states above were free and the states below were slaves except Missouri. Maine entered the Union, as a free state so there would be an equal amount of slave and free states.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion

    Nat Turner's Rebellion
    On August 22nd, 1831 In South Hampton County, Virginia Nat Turner started a rebellion. Nat Turner was a slave from the Travis Plantation. Turner and a group of 60 to 70 slaves took place in a rebellion. The rebellion started at the Travis plantation. Over the course of 48 hours they traveled to many plantations killing about 60 to 70 men, women and children. All of the slaves involved in the rebellion were captured. Slaves who were not part of the rebellion were also captured.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion Part 2

    Nat Turner's Rebellion Part 2
    Eventually they were tried, and found innocent or guilty. Nat Turner was found guilty and hanged. Before he was hanged a lawyer named Thomas Gray interviewed Turner. He wrote a book called The Confessions of Nat Turner. In the book Turner said “my object was to carry terror and devastation wherever we went.” No one knows if the book is based upon facts or not. The fact is known Nat Turner was a mysterious man. The life of a slave was a mess after the rebellion.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion Part 3

    Nat Turner's Rebellion Part 3
    Plantation owners became even more afraid after the rebellion. Many Slaves were beaten, flogged or even murdered just so they would not rebel. Slaves from other states were accused and executed for “being a part of the rebellion.” The South passed laws making life worse for the slaves. The rights slaves never had before were made more obvious when they became laws. After the Civil War there were Black Codes and the African Americans were still not seen as equals.
  • The Compromise of 1850

    The Compromise of 1850
    On September 20th,1850 Millard Fillmore signed the compromise making it officially passed.
    California wanted to join the union as a free state, but it would upset the south because of the balance in congress, So in order to keep the south happy Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, John C Calhoun and Stephen Douglas were working on a compromise. After eight months of working they has a way to balance the north and the south.
  • The Compromise of 1850 Part Tw0

    The Compromise of 1850 Part Tw0
    The South was allowed to keep their slaves but they could no longer sell, buy or trade slaves in Washington D.C. The fugitive slave act was passed and California joined the Union as a free state. The Utah and New Mexico territories could choose if they had slavery or not. The fact that free (16) and slave stares (12) were uneven in congress. The fugitive slave act was the main cause of tensions.
  • The Compromise of 1850 Part Three

    The Compromise of 1850 Part Three
    The fugitive slave act was the main cause of tensions. Northerners had to return runaway slaves, even free black men, women and children, Some Northerners however were fined or jailed for helping with the Underground railroad, Many took the underground railroad towards Canada; the only true free place.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    Senator Stephen Douglas from Illinois introduced something called the Kansas-Nebraska Act. He introduced partly so Chicago would benefit from the developing west. The main reason was because; Douglas was running for presidency and needed Southern support. The act allowed people to move to the territories and decide for themselves if Kansas and Nebraska would join the Union as free or slave states. People ruling and choosing for themselves became known as the slogan “Popular Sovereignty”.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act Part 2

    Kansas-Nebraska Act Part 2
    The North was extremely upset and saw Doulas as a traitor. Stephen thought they would not be upset at all but he was wrong about a lot! The act would allow the spread of slavery into the new territory. Also the Missouri Compromise stated all states (excluding Missouri) o be free above the 36’ 30’ line. Southerners were excited for the reason Northerners were upset. This gave them a chance to gain more slave territory and have more power in congress.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act Part 3

    Kansas-Nebraska Act Part 3
    The country has been under a lot of tension already and this is just adding more. Proslavery and Antislavery people were entering the territory. Havoc was breaking loose on the territories and to make matters worse the act passed on May 30th, 1854.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    Tensions have been building in this country for many years and once again gotten out. Since Stephen Douglas brought up the Kansas-Nebraska Act Proslavery and Antislavery settlers have been moving to the territories to sway the vote to free or slavery. Since the act passed the two sides have been arguing and now there was an act of violence. A group of southerners looted and killed people in Lawrence, Kansas.
  • Bleeding Kansas Part 2

    Bleeding Kansas Part 2
    in Lawrence, Kansas. This led to numerous violent out break in part of Kansas between proslavery supporters and New England Abolitionists. There were looking, attacks, and burnings. This summer killed over 200 people and caused $2 million in damages.
  • Dred Scott Case

    Dred Scott Case
    Dred Scott was born as a slave in Virginia, but after his first slave owner died was sold to Doctor Emerson in 1830. Scott lived 12 years in a free state with Emerson. Scott married and even had a family; he grew accustom to this life. Sadly Doctor Emerson died and his family was moved back to the south as slaves. Living freely and not being use to the slave life he sued for his freedom. Eventually the case made its way up to the supreme court. The first problem:
  • Dred Scott Case Part 2

    Dred Scott Case Part 2
    Did Scott even have the right to be heard by a court, and was he even a citizen of Missouri. The constitution was interpreted that slaves were property, following the spirit of the 5th amendment that “No person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property…” The Missouri Compromise became void because slaves could potentially be brought anywhere. Dred Scott lost the case, making the tensions between the North and South even worse. The Civil War was now doomed to happen!
  • Dred Scott Case Part 3

    Dred Scott Case Part 3
    Mrs. Emerson passed the Scott family back to the Blow family who gave them their freedom. Dred Scott never saw the war the would start soon. Within the next 10 years, the 13th and 14th amendments passed, abolishing slavery and granting slaves the recognition as a citizen.
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    James Buchanan’s term has just ended and it is time to elect a new president. The democrats split into two groups, the southern Democrats and the Northern Democrats. The Constitutional Party was in the border states and the Republicans were the northerners. Southern Democrats chose John Breckinridge who believed in states rights and supported slavery. Northern Democrats candidate was Stephen Douglas who supported states rights and followed the motto popular sovereignty.
  • Election of 1860 Part 2

    Election of 1860 Part 2
    John Bell was part of the Constitutional party from the border states. He hardly had an opinion on slavery but supported states rights. The Republicans wanted a man named William Henry Seward but he was a passionate abolitionist. Instead they chose a modern man from Illinois named Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln was personally against slavery but politically he wanted to stop the spread of slavery. Lincoln won the election without a single vote from the South.
  • Election of 1860 Part 3

    Election of 1860 Part 3
    The south was extremely upset that a man was elected without their vote. South Carolina and several other states succeeded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America. They chose their own president, Jefferson Davis, and believed they were fine without the North. Lincoln however was still holding on and wanted to keep the Union together.
  • Attack on Fort Sumter

    Attack on Fort Sumter
    The Attack on Fort Sumter was on April 12th, 1861. South Carolina had succeeded from the Union but there was a Union fort located inside the Charleston harbor. The fort was completely surrounded by Confederate batteries and forts. Lincoln sent ships with supplies to Fort Sumter, but there was a problem. General Beauregard said there would be a “circle of fire” meaning he would have the batteries shooting at Fort Sumter.
  • Attack on Fort Sumter Part 2

    Attack on Fort Sumter Part 2
    Fort Sumter was lacking food and other supplies so General Beauregard wanted them to surrender, but they would not surrender. General Beauregard opened fire and started the violence and the first attack to the Civil war. The Union ships could not make it to the fort.