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Slavery & the Events Leading up to the Civil War

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    The Underground Railroad

    Although it isn't known when the Underground Railroad started i chose January 1st, 1800 because from 1800 to 1865 debates and tension about slavery were higher than ever. The Underground Railroad was routes consisting of safe houses and more that helped slaves get to the free states or Canada.
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    William Still

    William Still, known as "The Father of the Underground Railroad," was born in Medford, NJ but would eventually become a slave. However, he would escape and after working as an abolitionist in Philadelphia, he returned to help other slaves to freedom multiple times. Even after the war he helped African Americans by builing an orphanage for children of African American Civil War veterans.
  • Compromise of 1820

    Compromise of 1820
    The Compromise of 1820 was created by Henry Clay which stated that Missouri would join the Union as a slave state and Maine would join the Union as a free state. The other part of the compromise was that all states south of 36' 30" were to be slave
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion

    Nat Turner's Rebellion
    Nat Turner's rebellion took two days. This event is when he and other slaves killed his plantation owner. They would continue onto kill more whites, women as well, and up to 60 whites over all. When it was over the majority involved in this rebellion were hung which would include Nat Turner. White slave owners started to fear slaves so many innocent ones were killed and the others were beaten brutaly.
  • The Compromise of 1850

    The Compromise of 1850
    The Compromise of 1850 was presented by Henry Clay. This compromise took eight months to finally be passed and consisted of five parts:
    1.) California would join the Union as a free state.
    2.) New Mexico and Utah were made territories and allowed slavery.
    3.) Slave trade was abolished in Washington D.C.
    4.) Texas had to give up its border.
    5.) The Fugitivie Slave Law was passed stating all runaway slaves must be returned South.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    This act allowed the people in the Kansas and Nebraska territories to vote on whether or not they would be free or slave states. For years, the choice was not settled and many violent fights would ensue until Kansas would be admitted as a free state right before the Civil War.
  • Dred Scott Case

    Dred Scott Case
    Dred Scott went to court against his owner Sanford because he believed he had the right to be free. He would lose however 7 to 2 and the thing that made this case so important is that afterwards Congress had no power over the spread of slavery. This case would also determine that African American's had no rights and would rid the Missouri Compromise.
  • Presidential Election of 1860

    Presidential Election of 1860
    The Presidential Election of 1860 consisted of four candidates: Abraham Lincoln, Stephen Douglas, John Breckinridge, and John Bell. Bell and Douglas won very little votes and the two competitors were Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas, Lincoln won every single north vote and, despite not one south vote, would win by a huge margin. This was due to many more electoral college members in the north. Lincoln's election made the south furious.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    This picture shows anti-slavery forces that were led by John Brown fighting against pro slavery forces in one of many brutal fights that were about if Kansas would allow slavery. With all the fighting Kansas earned the nickname "Bleeding Kansas"
  • Attack of Fort Sumter

    Attack of Fort Sumter
    At 4 in the morning firing began to take place on Fort Sumter. This attack was lead by General Beauregard. He had completely surrounded the fort and fired upon it from all sides. Union ships carrying supplies couldn't get through to the fort so they were not able to do anything. Once the bombardment was over there was only 1 casualty, but the fort had fallen.