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Slavery and the Events Leading up to the Civil War

  • David Walker

    David Walker
    David Walker was born on September 28, 1785 to a free mother and a slave father. David Walker ended up being free because he had a free mother. He was born in Wilmington N.C., but left the south when he was 30 because he said "If I remian n this bloody land, I will not live long." After leaving Wilmington he setteled in Boston Massachusetts. There he became an agent for Freedom's Journal, a black abolitionist newspaper. He then published an antislavery article in September 1828.
  • David Walker part 2

    David Walker part 2
    This article became known as Walker's Appeal. This article sent one direct message to slaves and that was: if liberty is not given to you, ride in bloody rebellion. Southern slave masters hated Walker and they wanted to catch him for saying this to slaves. The legislature even offered $10 thousand alive and 1 thousand dead for anyone who captured him. Walker died in Boston on June 28, 1830 to mysterious causes.
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    The Underground Railroad

    The Underground Railroad was neither a railroad nor underground. The Underground Railroad was a network of secret passages, safe houses, etc for runaway slaves. These secret routes were used by runaways to escape the South and get into the free states or Canada. The Underground Railroad got its named from the secret passages, codes, and routes. There is no offical start date to The Underground Railroad, but March 20th is the first day of Spring and Spring was the safest time to escape.
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    The Underground Railroad Part 2

    The year 1787 was the year that Issac T. Hopper started a began the system for runaway slaves.The Underground Railroad would use secret words and phrases just incase someone would find one of the letters with something about the runaway slave. Some secret words they used were agent, which was a coordinater or someone who plotted courses of escape and made contacts. A station master was another secret word that was a keeper or owner of a safe house. One very important word was the promised land.
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    The Underground Railroad Part 3

    The "promised land" meant Canada. Canada was the promised land, because no slave catchers were aloud in Canada. In Canada everyone was considered free. Many abolitionist, or people who demanded an immediate end to slavery, help runaways escape. One very famous abolitionist was Harriet Tubman, or Moses. Harriet Tubman was called Moses as a secret word on the Underground Railroad. Moses was a runaway herself and she was the most famous conductor of the Underground Railroad.
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    The Underground Railroad Part 4

    Moses made an estimated 19 trips on the Underground Railroad. There is also no official end date to the Underground Railroad, but December 6, 1865 was the day the 13th amendment was passed ending slavery. With this amendment, the Underground Railroad was no longer needed.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The Missouri Compromise all started with the question should slavery be allowed in the new state of Missouri. The southern slave owners had already migrated into the Missouri territory. Sourthern's didn't want congress to put restrictions on the new states. Jame Tallmadge, of New York, gave a thought that Missouri had already had enough slaves and no more should be brought to the state. He also suggested that all slave owners should have to release children at the age of twenty-five.
  • Missouri Compromise Part 2

    Missouri Compromise Part 2
    The 36'30" line divided the territories saying where slaves would be used. Some future states above the 36'30" line were free and all below the.All states above the 36'30" line were free states and all states below the line were slave states. For Missouri to be a slave states they had to make a two-part compromise. Missouri could be a slave state if if portions of the Louisiana Territory lying north of the 36'30" north latitude would be freed.
  • Missouri Compromise Part 3

    Missouri Compromise Part 3
    With the compromise, Maine would be a free state. The senate would make sure to maintain the balance between slave and free states.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion Part 1

    Nat Turner's Rebellion Part 1
    Nat Turner's rebellion started on August 22, 1831 when Nat Turner lead 70 slaves in an uprising in Southampton County Virginia. Nat Turner was an intellient and religious man. He was a slave at the Travis plantation, where the rebellion began. The rebellion began when Turner killed Mr. Travis and his family. Turner then proceeded in killing about 60 plantation owners and the owners families.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion Part 2

    Nat Turner's Rebellion Part 2
    After the killings of the plantation owners, 3 thousand troops were sent out to capture Turner and his small army. Once Turner was captured, he was jailed, trialed in court, found guilty, then was executed by hanging. After Turner was executed Thomas Gray published a book about the confessions of Nat Turner. Nobody knows if these confessions are really true, nor will anyone ever know.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion Part 3

    Nat Turner's Rebellion Part 3
    Plantation owners became extremely nervouse after the rebellion, because they were scared it was going to happen on their own plantation. Some plantation owners took this situation into their own hands. Many planned then carried out acts of violence. One estimates say that about 200 slaves were killed by mob violence. Southern states began to pass laws after the rebellion.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion Part 4

    Nat Turner's Rebellion Part 4
    The laws said slaves couldn't vote,serve on a jery, own property, testify in court, learn to read and write, buy and sell goods, be a preacher, own a gun, meet in groups more than five people, and many more. These laws later became known as the Black Codes. The states that passed these laws hoped to stop prevention of a rebellion in the future.The outcome of the rebellion wasn't as Nat Turner had hoped, because it made the live of slaves more difficult.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    In the year 1850, there were the same number of free states as slave states. Everything was good between the states, until California wanted to become a state. With California becoming a state, that would be there would be more free states than slave states. Sense slave states would be outnumbered in the union, they threatened to leave the union. Henry Clay wanted the North and South to find a way to compromise. Clay decided to try to find a compromise. The only problem was he was 73 years old.
  • The Compromise of 1850 Part 2

    The Compromise of 1850 Part 2
    Even though Clay was sick and weak because of his age, he still wanted to come up with an answer. Senator John C. Calhoun was from South Carolina and he was sick like Clay. He wasn't interested in any compromise. He thought slavery should be allowed in all Western terriotrites and if it wasn't all slave states should leave the union. The debate kept going, but in the middle of it Calhoun died and so did the president, Zachary taylor.
  • The Compromis of 1850 Part 3

    The Compromis of 1850 Part 3
    Millard Fillmore took over in presidency and agreed with Clay's plan that had worked out. Clay gave more than seventy speeches, because he wanted people to agree with his compromise. After awhile Clay became to sick to fight so Stephen Douglass took over for him. The Compromise of 1850 that Clay came up with had five parts. The first part was alifornia would be allowed to be a free state. Second, it decided the land that was won from the Mexican War would be split into territories.
  • Compromise of 1850 Part 4

    Compromise of 1850 Part 4
    The third part of the compromise would be there is no more slave trade allowed in Washington, D.C. Fourth, Under the compromise, the borders of Texas would be settled. The final parat to the compromise would be the fugitive slave act. The fugitive slave act made all runaways return to the south, even if the runaway had made it to a free north state. If a person let a runaway get away they could be fined. Also, a judge would be paid to send a runaway back to the south.
  • Compromise of 1850 Part 5

    Compromise of 1850 Part 5
    Southerners were ecstatic about this, but this act was a disaster for freed African Americans that lived in the north, because they didn't have any proof they were free. When this act was passed, many African Americans packed their stuff and fled to Canada. During the time of the Fugitive Slave Act, the Underground Railroad became more active in helping runaways escape slavery.
  • The Kansas Nebraska Act

    The Kansas Nebraska Act
    On May 30, 1854 the Kansas-Nebrska Act was passed by the U.S. congress. This act allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to whether they did or didn't want slavery in their borders. This act was meant to take away the Missouri Compromise of 1820. Pro-slavery and anti-slavery supporters rushed to Kansas to have a say in the outcome of the first election after the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed.
  • The Kansas-Nebraska Act Part 2

    The Kansas-Nebraska Act Part 2
    The pro-slavery settlers won the election, but the anti-slavery settlers charged them with fraud and then the result was not accepted by them. After everything that heppened in the last election, pro-slavery settlers refused to vote when the anti-slavery held another election. This resulted in the establishment of two opposing legislatures within the Kansas territory. After this violence erupted.
  • Dred Scott Case

    Dred Scott Case
    On March 6, 1857, the U.S. supreme court said that slave owners had the right to take their slaves into western territories. This was issued by the Dred Scott Case. Scott was born a slave in Virginia. His owners, the Blow family, moved west to St. Louis, Missouri and after their arrival they sold Scott to an army doctor just south of the city. For twelve years, he was owned he helped the army doctor in non-slave areas. During the twelve years, Dred married another slave named Harriet Robinson.
  • Dred Scott Case Part 2

    Dred Scott Case Part 2
    His master finally decided to move back to Missouri in 1842 and the Scott family didn't even try to stay behind. The doctor died the next year and the doctors widow decided to hire the Scott family out to work for other people. After three years of working for people, he and his family got sick of it and decided to sue for their freedom. The Scott family went against Mrs. Emerson at the Circuit Court of Missouri. Mrs. Emerson won the first case, but Dred appealed and won the second case.
  • Dred Scott Case Part 3

    Dred Scott Case Part 3
    Mrs. Emerson didn't like that Dred has won the second case so she went to the State Supreme Court, which then overturned the Circuit Court. Mrs. Emerson then turned Dred over to John Sanford, her brother. Dred and his wife decided after a brief taste of freedom they didn't want to give it up so an abolitionist lawyer agreed to represent his case for the Supreme Court. In this case, the court not only had to decide Dred's status, but whether or not Dred had the right to be heard in court.
  • Dred Scott Case Part 4

    Dred Scott Case Part 4
    The first feature of the Scott vs. Sanford case of 1857 would determine whether or not Dred was a citizen of Missouri. The second part of the decision was whether the Missouri Compromise was legal. The Supreme decided sthat the Missouri Compromise void. Dred Scott then lost his final case. The lose of he case made people mad on both sides of the issue. Tentions between states pushed our country to war. The issue with the heart of the problem was whose rights were greater.
  • Dred Scott Case Part 5

    Dred Scott Case Part 5
    Was it those of the or the federal goverment? In 1857 Mrs. Emerson decided to give the Scotts back to the blow family. After the Scott family was back to the Blow family, the Scotts finally got their freedom. Unfortunally, Dred died the next year, but after everything they had went through, he and his family were free. Less than ten years later, the questions of freedom and citizenship was dealt with with the thirteenth and fourteenth amendments.
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    On November 6, 1860 Abraham Lincoln won presidency with no southern votes. In the election of 1860, Lincoln face Breckinridge, Douglas, and Bell. Lincoln won the election with 180 votes, while John Breckinridge came in second with 72 votes. In third was John Bell with 39 votes, and in last was Stephen Douglas with 12 votes. Sense Lincoln wanted to get some south support, he had a southern vice-president named Andrew Johnson. In 1861, seven states had seceded because of Lincoln.
  • Election of 1860 Part 2

    Election of 1860 Part 2
    In 1864 Lincoln was re-elected for presidency. Unfortuntally, in April 1865, Lincoln was assassinated at Fords Threatre in Wahington D.C.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    Bleeding Kansas all started when violence erupted with anti-slavery forced led by John Brown. The Kansa Territory earned its nickname "Bleeding Kansas" as the death toll rose. President Franklin Pierce, who was in support of the pro-slavery settlers, sent Federal troops to stop the violence. Another election was called, but it had the same outcome as the last time where pro-slavery settlers won, but they were charged with fraud.
  • Bleeding Kansas Part 2

    Bleeding Kansas Part 2
    Congress didn't reconize the constitution made up by the pro-slavery settlers, Kansas as a state. Eventually, anti-slavery settlers outnumbered pro-slavery settlers and a new constitution was drawn up. Finally, right before the start of the Civil War, Kansas became a free state.
  • Attack on Fort Sumter

    Attack on Fort Sumter
    On April 12, 1861, Genreal P.G.T Beauregard, was in command of the Confederate Forces around the Charleston Harbor opened fire on Fort Sumter. Fort Sumter was a small fort located on an island by the Charleston Harbor. Right after president Lincoln had announced plans to resupply the, General Beauregard demanded the fort to surrender. Major Anderson refused to surrender. After Anderson refused to surrender, Beauregard decided to bomb the fort on April 12, 1861. The batte lasted for 36 hours.
  • Attack on Fort Sumter Part 2

    Attack on Fort Sumter Part 2
    On April 13, 1861 major Anderson surrendered the fort. Thankfully, no soldiers were killed during this attack, but many say this attack is what started the Civil War.