Timeline created by dilloncls
In History
  • 1400

    Golden Age of Exploration

    In the 1400s Europeans sailed south of Africa. They attempted to reach the wealth of silks and spices in India and China. Europeans traded with Africans that live south of the Sahara.
  • 1500


    Traders started selling Africans guns and European made goods to exchange for slaves. The slaves were brought across the Atlantic Ocean to America to work on sugar, rice, and cotton plantations. Around 13 million people were forced to move from their homeland.
  • 1500

    Europeans Sell Guns

    When slavery was just beginning, the Europeans started building trading post in Africa. The Europeans wanted to control Africas resources because they knew that they had a lot.
  • Start of World War 1

    The start of World War I and Refers to European colonial expansion
  • Europeans Holdings

    The two most important European keepings in Africa were French controlled Algeria and Britain's Cape Colony.
  • Suez Canal

    The British bought the Suez Canal in Egypt.
  • British took Control

    The British took all of the control of Egypt.
  • Taking Land

    Britain took almost 30% of Africa’s population to control
    France took 15%, Germany 9%, Belgium 7%, and Italy 1%.
  • Boer Wars

    Britain took over South Africa after beating the decedents of the Dutch settlers in the Boer Wars.
  • Colonization

    By 1900 Europe had took control of most of Africa. The only country to stay uncolonized was Ethiopia. Then, Italy took over in 1930.
  • South Africa

    South Africa was gave independence from Great Britain even though white people were a smaller group in South Africa. They controlled the government and businesses.
  • European Control

    Ethiopia and Liberia were the only countries in Africa that are not under European control.
  • Africans

    Kwame Nkrumah introduced the idea of Pan-Africanism. That means a belief in the unity of all Black Africans worldwide. This happened in Ghana.
  • Black and White Africans

    White South Africans made apartheid law. Under apartheid, black South Africans were made to live and work where whites said they had to. Black people could not marry white people and they received bad health care and schooling. They were not allowed to vote so they had no say.
  • Christianity

    In the northern part of the country most of the people were Muslim. In the south a lot of the people were not Arab. So, many religions were practiced with Christianity being the most common.
  • Ghana

    Ghana would gain its independence in 1957. It inspired Jomo Kenyatta in Kenya and Nnamdi Azikiwe in Nigeria to agitate for freedom.
  • Ethnic Groups

    Things were made harder because the Eruopeans had draw country lines without consideration to where different ethnic groups were located. Countries that had been colonized were economically destroyed. Stuff wasn't as perfect in Africa after independence.
  • Rwanda

    Rwanda is a country divided between two ethnic groups. Before he became a Belgium colony the Tutsi ruled the Hutu. The Belgium government preferred the Tutsi and used them to tell the Hutu people what to do. Independence came to Rwanda in 1962 Hutu took control.
  • Mandela

    Mandela was sentenced to life in prison for what he did. Mandela would not be give up and he continued to protest from prison.
  • Joseph Mobutu

    In 1965 Joseph Mobutu gained power. He renamed the country Zaire and ruled for 32 years. The people of Congo continued his violence.
  • Independent

    In 1976 the Igbo people tried to make themselves independent and they named the new country Biafra. The actions of the Igbo launched a civil war in and over one million people died before the Igbo agreed to remain part of Nigeria.
  • Mandela Released from Prison

    In 1990, Nelson Mandela announced the end of apratheid and released him from prison.
  • Elected New President

    South Africa held its first elections when Nelson Mandela was elected the new president.
  • Tutsi

    The country experienced violence until 1994 when Hutu started to engage against the Tutsi people. 800,000 to 1 million Tutsi people were murdered. The Tutsi people came back into power and made peace.
  • Tunisia

    The people in Tunisia began to agitate for a more democratic government. In Tunisia, protestors used social media to spread their message against a government, high prices, and human rights abuses.
  • President Ben Ali

    President Ben Ali resigned and a democratic government had been elected. In Libya Muammar Qaddafi refused to step down and the war broke out. Other countries supported the rebels fighting against Qaddafi.
  • Qaddafi was Killed

    Qaddafi was killed in 2011 and a new government was elected. Not all of the rebel groups liked the new government which has led to more violence as groups fight to control oil rich areas. The violence has also given terrorist groups the opportunity to establish bases.
  • Resign

    Mubarak was forced to resign.
  • Islamic Fundamentalist Government

    Mubarak was replaced by a Islamic fundamentalist government led by Mohammed Morsi
  • Morsi's Government

    Morsi’s government was concurred by the military. He was imprisoned and then his political party had to go. The new government gave more abilities to the police.