South africa 1

South Africa

  • 480

    Migrants settle in South Africa

    Migrants settle in South Africa
    4th century - Migrants from the north settle, joining the indigenous San and Khoikhoi people.
  • Period: 480 to

    History of South Africa

  • May 20, 1497

    Vasco da Gama lands on Natal coast

    Vasco da Gama lands on Natal coast
    1497 - Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama lands on Natal coast.
  • Jan van Riebeeck founds the Cape Colony at Table Bay

    Jan van Riebeeck founds the Cape Colony at Table Bay
    1652 - Jan van Riebeeck, representing the Dutch East India Company, founds the Cape Colony at Table Bay.
  • Cape Colony seized by the British, Dutch, and back to the British

    Cape Colony seized by the British, Dutch, and back to the British
    1795 - British forces seize Cape Colony from the Netherlands. Territory is returned to the Dutch in 1803; ceded to the British in 1806.
  • Shake Zulu founds the Zulu Empire and expands it

    Shake Zulu founds the Zulu Empire and expands it
    1816-1826 - Shaka Zulu founds and expands the Zulu empire, creates a formidable fighting force.
  • Boers proclaim the Transvaal a republic

    Boers proclaim the Transvaal a republic
    Late 1850s - Boers proclaim the Transvaal a republic.
  • Diamonds discovered at Kimberley

    Diamonds discovered at Kimberley
    1867 - Diamonds discovered at Kimberley.
  • Britain annexes the Transvaal

    Britain annexes the Transvaal
    1877 - Britain annexes the Transvaal.
  • The Zulus are defeated by the British in Natal

     The Zulus are defeated by the British in Natal
    1879 - British defeat the Zulus in Natal.
  • The First Anglo-Boer War begins

    The First Anglo-Boer War begins
    1880-81 - Boers rebel against the British, sparking the first Anglo-Boer War. Conflict ends with a negotiated peace. Transvaal is restored as a republic.
  • Gold is discovered in Transvaal triggering the gold rush

    Gold is discovered in Transvaal triggering the gold rush
    Mid 1880s - Gold is discovered in the Transvaal, triggering the gold rush.
  • The Second Anglo-Boer War begins

    1899 - British troops gather on the Transvaal border and ignore an ultimatum to disperse. The second Anglo-Boer War begins.
  • The Second Anglo-Boer War ends

    1902 - Treaty of Vereeniging ends the second Anglo-Boer War. The Transvaal and Orange Free State are made self-governing colonies of the British Empire.
  • The Formation of Union of South Africa

    The Formation of Union of South Africa
    1910 - Formation of Union of South Africa by former British colonies of the Cape and Natal, and the Boer republics of Transvaal, and Orange Free State.
  • The ANC is founded

    The ANC is founded
    1912 - Native National Congress founded, later renamed the African National Congress (ANC).
  • The National Party founded

    The National Party founded
    1914 - National Party founded.
  • The Secret Brotherhood is established

    1918 - Secret Broederbond (brotherhood) established to advance the Afrikaner cause.
  • Policy of apartheid adopted,National Party takes power

    Policy of apartheid adopted,National Party takes power
    1948 - Policy of apartheid (separateness) adopted when National Party (NP) takes power.
  • ANC responds to Group Areas Act

    ANC responds to Group Areas Act
    1950 - Population classified by race. Group Areas Act passed to segregate blacks and whites. Communist Party banned. ANC responds with campaign of civil disobedience, led by Nelson Mandela.
  • Sharpeville Massacre

    Sharpeville Massacre
    1960 - Seventy black demonstrators killed at Sharpeville. ANC banned.
  • South Africa declares itself a republic

    South Africa declares itself a republic
    1961 - South Africa declared a republic, leaves the Commonwealth. Mandela heads ANC's new military wing, which launches sabotage campaign.
  • Nelson Mandela sentenced to life imprisonment

    Nelson Mandela sentenced to life imprisonment
    1964 - ANC leader Nelson Mandela sentenced to life imprisonment
  • Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd assassinated

    Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd assassinated
    1966 September - Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd assassinated.
  • Soweto uprising

    Soweto uprising
    1976 - More than 600 killed in clashes between black protesters and security forces during uprising which starts in Soweto.
  • FW de Klerk becomes president, public facilities desegrated, many ANC activists freed

    FW de Klerk becomes president, public facilities desegrated, many ANC activists freed
    1989 - FW de Klerk replaces PW Botha as president, meets Mandela. Public facilities desegregated. Many ANC activists freed.
  • Mandela released from prison, Namibia becomes independent

    Mandela released from prison, Namibia becomes independent
    1990 - ANC unbanned, Mandela released after 27 years in prison. Namibia becomes independent.
  • Multi-party talks start, De Klerk repeals remaining apartheid laws and international sanctions

    1991 - Start of multi-party talks. De Klerk repeals remaining apartheid laws, international sanctions lifted. Major fighting between ANC and Zulu Inkatha movement.
  • Agreement on interim constitution

    1993 - Agreement on interim constitution
  • Mandela becomes president

    Mandela becomes president
    1994 April - ANC wins first non-racial elections. Mandela become president, Government of National Unity formed, Commonwealth membership restored, remaining sanctions lifted. South Africa takes seat in UN General Assembly after 20-year absence.
  • Parliament adopts new constitution, National Party withdraws coalition

    1996 - Parliament adopts new constitution. National Party withdraws from coalition, saying it is being ignored.
  • Thabo Mbeki

    Thabo Mbeki
    1999 - ANC wins general elections, Thabo Mbeki takes over as president.
  • 39 multi-national pharmaceutical companies stop a legal battle to stop South Africa importing generic Aids drugs

    2001 April - 39 multi-national pharmaceutical companies halt a legal battle to stop South Africa importing generic Aids drugs. The decision is hailed as a victory for the world's poorest countries in their efforts to import cheaper drugs to combat the virus.
  • An official panel considers allegations of corruption surrounding a 1999 arms deal involving British,French,German,Italian,Swedish, and South African firms

    2001 May - An official panel considers allegations of corruption surrounding a 1999 arms deal involving British, French, German, Italian, Swedish and South African firms. In November the panel clears the government of unlawful conduct.
  • Court orders government to provide anti-Aids drug at hospitals

    Court orders government to provide anti-Aids drug at hospitals
    Constitutional court orders government to provide key anti-Aids drug at all public hospitals. Government had argued drug was too costly.
  • Government approves major programme to treat and tackle Aids

    2003 November - Government approves major programme to treat and tackle HIV/Aids. It envisages network of drug-distributon centres and preventative programmes. Cabinet had previously refused to provide anti-Aids medicine via public health system.
  • 100,000 gold miners strike over pay bringing the industry to a standstill

    100,000 gold miners strike over pay bringing the industry to a standstill
    2005 August - Around 100,000 gold miners strike over pay, bringing the industry to a standstill.
  • same sex unions are allowed

    South Africa becomes the 1st African country to allow same sex union
  • Helen Zille elected leader of Democratic Alliance

    Capetown Mayor
  • Public sector mass strike

    June - Hundreds of thousands of public-sector workers take part in the biggest strike since the end of apartheid. The strike lasts for four weeks and causes widespread disruption to schools, hospitals and public transport.
  • Zuma elected chairman of the ANC

    Zuma is elected chairman of the ANC, placing him in a strong position to become the next president. Prosecutors bring new corruption charges against him.
  • The Congress of the People or Cope launched

    A new political party is launched in Bloemfontein, in the first real challenge to the governing ANC. The Congress of the People - or Cope - is made up largely of defectors from the ANC and is headed by former defence minister Mosiuoa Lekota.
  • Charges dropped against Zuma

    Public prosecutors drop corruption case against Jacob Zuma.
  • Zuma elected President

    Zuma elected President
    Parliament elects Jacob Zuma as president.
  • Hosts World Cup Football

    Hosts  World Cup Football
    South Africa hosts the World Cup football tournament.
  • ANC suspends youth leader, Julius Malema

    The ANC suspends its controversial and influential youth leader, Julius Malema, for five years for bringing the party into disrepute.
  • Plot to kill Mandela stopped

    Member of white extremist group found guilty of plotting to kill Mandela and trying to overthrow government.
  • 12,000 striking miners fired

    12,000 striking miners fired
    Platinum mine owner Amplats fires 12,000 striking miners as wave of wildcat strikes shows little sign of abating.
  • Zuma re-elected as leader of ANC

    Zuma re-elected as leader of ANC
    Mr Zuma re-elected as leader of the ANC.