significant events that led to the establishment of British colonization

Timeline created by lily.arendse@education.nsw....
In History
  • 1580

    dirk hartog

    dirk hartog
    Dirk Hartog was a 17th-century Dutch sailor and explorer. Dirk Hartog's expedition was the second European group to land in Australia and the first to leave behind an artifact to record his visit, the Hartog plate.
  • enclosure acts began in Britain

    enclosure acts began in Britain
    During the 18th century, enclosures were regulated by Parliament; a separate Act of Enclosure was required for each village that wished to enclose its land.
  • steam powered machinery was invented.

    steam powered machinery was invented.
    The industrial revolution began
  • Convicts stopped being sent overseas to America

    Convicts stopped being sent overseas to America
    The British Government began transporting convicts overseas to American colonies in the early 17th century. The majority of convicts were transported for very small crimes.
  • house of commons

    house of commons
    house of commons decided that NSW was a sutible place for a penal colony
  • Captain Auther Philip was chosen to lead the first fleet

    Captain Auther Philip was chosen to lead the first fleet
    Captain Arthur Phillip led a fleet of 11 ships on a 252-day journey halfway around the world
  • The first fleet left for Sydney cove

    The first fleet left for Sydney cove
    On 26 January 1788 Captain Arthur Phillip sailed into Port Jackson and raised the British flag to say that this country is now NSW
  • Authur philip was chosen to be governer of the new colony

    Authur philip was chosen to be governer of the new colony
    was a Royal Navy officer and the first Governor of New South Wales who founded the British penal colony that later became the city of Sydney, Australia.
  • two more fleets arrived

    two more fleets arrived
    Of the 1006 convicts transported aboard the Fleet, one quarter died during the voyage and around 40 per cent were dead within six months of arrival in Australia.
  • First free colonists arrived

    First free colonists arrived
    the first group of free settlers arrived at Port Jackson aboard the Bellona. There were five men, two women and six children.
  • governor Lachlan macquarie

    governor Lachlan macquarie
    was a British officer and the fifth Governor of New South Wales from 1810 to 1821
    Construction of roads and buildings began,
  • gold rush

    gold rush
    gold rush in Australia began in May 1851 after Edward Hargraves claimed to have discovered gold near Orange, at a site he called Ophir. Hargraves had been to the Californian goldfields and had learned new gold techniques such as panning.
  • Eureka Rebellion

    Eureka Rebellion
    The Eureka Rebellion was a rebellion in 1854, instigated by gold miners in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, who revolted against the colonial authority of the United Kingdom.
  • Ned Kelly

    Ned Kelly
    Ned Kelly is most famous for having a bullet proof suit but not for his legs he is also famous for being an outlaw
  • George Lambert

    George Lambert
    George Washington Thomas Lambert was an Australian artist, known principally for portrait painting and as a war artist during the First World War
  • federation

    federation
    The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia
  • Edmund Barton

    Edmund Barton
    1901 to 1903
    first prime minister
  • Alfred Deakin

    Alfred Deakin
    second Australian prime minister he severed for three separate terms – 1903 to 1904, 1905 to 1908, and 1909 to 1910.
  • Australia wholly divided into six colonies

    Australia wholly divided into six colonies
  • Eddie Mabo

    Eddie Mabo
    was an Indigenous Australian man from the Torres Strait Islands known for his role in campaigning for Indigenous land rights and for his role in a landmark decision of the High Court of Australia which overturned the legal doctrine of Terra nullius ("nobody's land") which characterized Australian law with regard to land and title.
  • kevin rudd gives his apoligy speech

    kevin rudd gives his apoligy speech
    13th Feb
    kevin rudd says sorry about how the Europeans started the stolen generation