Shanayja & Amaree's Social Studies Timeline By Smays Oct 27, 1450 Johannes Guttenberg Johannes Guttenberg had developed the moveable printing press. Oct 27, 1492 Columbus Discovers The New World He landed on San Salvador, He had made his first voyage. Oct 27, 1501 Amerigo Vespucci reached South America He led a Spanish fleet to the coast of present day South America. Oct 27, 1508 Juan Ponce de Leon Juan Ponce De Leon landed on the Carribean island of Puerto Rico. Oct 27, 1511 Juan Ponce de Leon conquered Spain He had conquered Spain and founded the city of San Juan. Oct 27, 1517 Martin Luther Publicity Critized The Roman Catholic Church He said that the church was to wealthy and abused its power. Aug 27, 1519 Ferdinand Magellan He was a Portuguese navigator who had set out with a Spanish fleet to sail down the east coast of South America. Oct 27, 1528 Alvar Nunez Cabeza De Vaca Joined Conquistador Panfilo De Narverez Joined him on an expedition to North America. Oct 27, 1534 Franisco Pizarro By 1534 Pizarro and his Native american allies had conquered the entire Inca Empire. Oct 27, 1534 King Henry VIII King Henry VIII founded the Church of England, or the Anglican Church. Oct 27, 1607 Jamestown Was Founded Was the first English settlement. Oct 27, 1613 New Netherland The Dutch founded New Netherland in 1613 as a trading post for exchanging furs with the Iroquois. Oct 27, 1614 John Rofle married Pocahontas John Rofle married Pocahontas, daughter of the Powhattan leader, in 1614. Oct 27, 1620 The Mayflower Compact The Pilgrims signed the Mayflower Compact. Oct 27, 1650 The Spanish Empire In The Americas Had Grown They had grown some 3-4 million people. Oct 27, 1765 Stamp Act of 1765 This act required colonists to pay for an official stamp, or seal, when they bought paper items. Oct 27, 1773 Tea Act This allowed the British East India Company to sell tea directly to the colonists. Dec 16, 1773 Boston Tea Party Colonists disguised as Indians sneaked onto the three tea-filled ships and dumped over 340 tea chests into the Boston Harbor. Oct 27, 1775 Second Contiental Congress Delegates from 12 colonies met again in Philadelphia for the Second Continental Congress. Jul 4, 1776 Deceleration of Independence On July 4Th the 13 colonies issued the Declaration of Independence and broke away from Great Britain. Oct 27, 1780 Genral Clinton & The Force General Clinton landed a force of 14,000 troops around the port city. Oct 27, 1784 Trade With Spain Spanish official closed the lower Mississippi River to U.S shipping. Oct 27, 1785 Congress Passed The Land Of Ordiance Which set up a system of surveying and dividing western lands. Oct 27, 1786 Farmers Rebel Farmers in three western countries began a revolt, starting the Farmers Rebel Oct 27, 1787 Shays's Defeat Shays's forces were defeated by state troops. Oct 27, 1789 James Madison Madison began writing down a huge list of proposed amendments. Oct 27, 1789 Judiciary Act of 1789 This act created three levels of federal courts and defined their powers and relationship to the state courts. Oct 27, 1791 The Bill Of Rights By December 1791 the states had ratified 10 of the proposed amendments intended to protect citizens rights. Oct 27, 1799 George Washington Dies George Washington died at Mount Vernon, Virginia on December 14. Oct 27, 1812 War With Great Britain Congress declared war on Great Britain. Oct 27, 1824 John Quincy Adams John Adams was elected president. Oct 27, 1830 The Tom Thumb This became the first locomotive in the United States to carry passengers. Oct 27, 1860 Pony Express A system of messengers on horseback and began to carry messages west. Jul 21, 1861 General Joseph E. Johnston He headed toward Manassas with another 10,000 Confederate troops. Jun 27, 1862 Mc Clellan's Force Poised outside Richmond, the Confederate army in Virgina came under the command of General Robert E. Lee Oct 27, 1862 Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln finally wrote the Emancipation Prolamation, which was the order to free the Confederate slaves, Oct 27, 1862 Second Battle Of Bull Run Jackson's troops met Pope's Union forces on the battlefield in august in 1862, this 3 day battle became known as the Second Battle Of Bull Run. Jul 1, 1863 Battle of Gettysburg This was a key battle that finally turned tide against the Confederates. Oct 27, 1865 Freedmen's Bureau Congress established the Freedmen's Bureau, an ageny providing relief for freedpeople and certain poor people in the South. Oct 27, 1866 Civil Rights Act of 1866 This act provided African Americans with the same legal rights as white Amerians. Oct 27, 1868 Andrew Johnson He was the first president to be impeached. Oct 27, 1869 First Contiental Railroad The first continental railroad ic completed. Oct 27, 1869 Fifteenth Amendment In 1868 Congressed proposed the Fifteenth Amendment, which gave African Americcan men the right to vote. Oct 27, 1870 Knights of Labor The first national labor union was founded. Oct 27, 1876 Alexander Graham Bell Made A New Invention He invented the tellphone May 27, 1886 Haymarket Roit Thousands of union members in Chicago went on strike because they wanted an eight-hour workday. Oct 27, 1892 Ellis Island Opened It was one of the busiest imigration centers, and was located in the New York Harbor. Oct 27, 1892 Homestead Strike Took Place It took place at Andrew Carnegie's Homestead steel factory in Pennsylvania. The Union members there protested a plan to buy new machinery and cut jobs. May 11, 1894 Pullman Strike Workers began this strike whisch stopped traffic on many railroad lines until federal courts ordered the workers to return to their jobs, May 17, 2011 Siege of Vicksburg General Grant's troops began the Siege of Vicksburg in mid-May 1863, cutting off the city and shelling it repeatedly. Oct 27, 2011 Treaty Of medicine Lodge The most southern Plains Indians agreed to live on reservation.