SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN 19TH CENTURY

Timeline created by Yaz_lk
In History
  • THE LOCOMOTIVE

    THE LOCOMOTIVE
    Richard Trevithick's locomotive under the name "Penydarren" successfully made its journey in four hours and five minutes, transporting some 25 tons of iron, equipment, and 70 people on the train. The secret of his design of the steam engine was in the pressure. This was a huge impact on the industry, internationally.
  • THE FRESNEL LENS

    THE FRESNEL LENS
    The Fresnel lens, named for its inventor, French physicist Augustin-Jean Fresnel, is a design that allows the construction of large aperture lenses and a short focal length without the weight and bulk of material that should be used in a lens of conventional design. It was invented in 1822 and tested for the first time the following year at the Cordouan lighthouse.
  • ANESTHESIA

    ANESTHESIA
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    Resultados de traducción
    It is considered as the first anesthesia understood as a method to achieve insensitivity of the patient in a surgical intervention, the one performed on October 16, 1846, by William Thomas Green Morton in Boston (Massachusetts). This invention represents a great evolutionary advance in the field of medicine.
  • THE TELEPHONE

    THE TELEPHONE
    The true inventor of the telephone was an Italian-American called Antonio Meucci. In 1854 Meucci built the first telephone to communicate some rooms of his house. In 1860 he presented his invention, but he didn´t have enough money to pay the patent. He called his invention "Telettrofono". The telephone was a way of improvement of the capabilities of the telegraph. With this gadget, wealthy individuals and large corporations primarily used it as a means of communication between specific locations
  • PASTEURIZATION METHOD

    PASTEURIZATION METHOD
    Some of his contemporaries, including the German chemist Justus Von Liebig, insisted that fermentation was a chemical process and did not require the intervention of any organism. With the help of a microscope, Pasteur discovered that, in reality, two microorganisms were involved (two varieties of yeast) that were the key to the fermentation process. One produced alcohol and the other lactic acid, which made the wine sour. In 1864, Louis Pasteur invented his own pasteurization method.
  • THE CLINICAL THERMOMETER

    THE CLINICAL THERMOMETER
    Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt (JULY 20, 1836 IN DEWSBURY, YORKSHIRE - FEBRUARY 22, 1925, IN CAMBRIDGE, CAMBRIDGESHIRE) was a British doctor, inventor of the clinical thermometer. Before this invention, patients had to keep the thermometer in their hands near one hour for an acceptable measurement of their fever.
  • THE AIRPLANE

    THE AIRPLANE
    Ader's greatest passion was aviation, to which he devoted a lot of time and money throughout his life. Thanks to Louis Pierre Mouillard's studies on the flight of birds, he built his first flying machine in 1886 called the Éole. Looking like a bat, it was powered by a steam engine of his own invention, and on October 9, 1890, Ader tried to make his first flight. The fact that the aircraft took off is generally accepted, but to make a totally uncontrolled jump of 50 meters and 20 cm.
  • THE CINEMATOGRAPH

    THE CINEMATOGRAPH
    Auguste Marie Louis Nicolás Lumière (Besançon, October 19, 1862-Lyon, April 10, 1954) and Louis Jean Lumière (Besançon, October 5, 1864-Bandol, June 6, 1948) were two French brothers, inventors of the Cinematograph. The cinematograph was patented on February 13, 1895. That same year, the Lumière family shot their first film, La sortie des ouvriers des usines Lumière in Lyon. It was presented on March 22, 1895, at a session of the Société Encouragement à l'Industrie in Paris.
  • THE ASPIRIN

    THE ASPIRIN
    Felix Hoffmann (January 21, 1868, in Ludwigsburg - February 8, 1946, in Switzerland) was a German pharmacist who in 1897 obtained acetylsalicylic acid in pure form, until then manufactured with impurities: an active principle whose first and best-known indications are shown as an analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory, effective and well-tolerated. The substance was marketed on March 6, 1899, under the name of Aspirin by the pharmaceutical firm Bayer.
  • THE BAR OF SOAP

    THE BAR OF SOAP
    As we know it today, the bar of soap was invented in 1903 by the German Adolph Klumpp and his famous refrigerated soap-making press. This procedure facilitated the rapid solidification of hot, liquid soap through a water-cooling process, making it easy to divide into blocks or portions.