The Evolution of Media

  • 35,000 BCE

    Cave Paintings

    Cave Paintings
    Also know as “pariental art”
    • Painted drawings on cave walls and ceiling first used in Eurasia
    • Theorized as ways of communicating
    • Theorized also as for religious or ceremonial purposes
  • Period: 35,000 BCE to

    Pre-Industrial Age

  • 2500 BCE

    Papyrus in Egypt

    Papyrus in Egypt
    From “pith” of Papyrus plant
    • Similar to thick papers
    • First used in Ancient Eypt
    • Earliest archaeological evidence was excavated in 2012-2013 at Wadi al-Jarf (ancient Egyptian Harbor)
  • 2400 BCE

    Clay Tablets in Mesopotamia

    Clay Tablets in Mesopotamia
    • Writing medium, especial for writing in cuneiform during Bronze and Iron Age
    • Invented probably by the Sumerians
  • 131 BCE

    Acta Diurna in Rome

    Acta Diurna in Rome
    • First used in Roman Republic
    • Stated results of legal proceedings and outcomes of trials as well as Public and Military notices Acta Diurna in Rome
  • 200

    Dibao in China

    Dibao in China
    • Ancient Chinese Gazette
    • Also called “Palace Reports” and “Imperial Bulletin”
    • Maybe first used during early as the Han Dynasty or as late as the Tang Dynasty
  • 500

    Maya Codices

    Maya Codices
    • Folding books by the Pre- Columbian Maya Civilization in Maya hieroglyphic script in Mesoamerican bark cloth
    • More durable and better writing surface than Papyrus
  • 700

    Wood blocks as printing press

    Wood blocks as printing press
    • Originated in China during Tang Dynasty
    • Used in printing text, images, or patterns in those times INDUSTRIAL AGE 1440 Printing Press for Mass Production
  • 1400

    Printing press for mass production

    Printing press for mass production
    • Iron presses inspired by earlier attempts by Swiss typefounder Wilhlm Hass, Charles Stanhope built iron presses that can print around 200 impressions per hour.
  • Period: 1400 to

    Industrial Age

  • Newspaper (London Gazette)

    Newspaper (London Gazette)
    • One of the official journals of record of the British Government
    • London Gazette- oldest surviving English newspaper
    • First published as “Oxford Gazette” 1874 Typewriter
  • Telegraph

    Telegraph
    • System of communication employing electronical apparatus to transmit and receive signals
    • Invented in USA by Samuel F.B. Morse and in Britain by Sir Charles Weatstone with Sir William F. Cooke.
  • Typewriter

    Typewriter
    • Mechanical and electrome- chanical machine for writing characters similar to those produced by printer’s movable type
    • Became common in offices during mid-1880s
  • Telephone

    Telephone
    • A telecommunication device • Alexander Graham Bell was the first one to be granted a United States patent for a device that produced clearly intelligible replication of the human voice.
  • Kinetoscope

    Kinetoscope
    • Allows viewers to watch brief movie through a small peephole
    • Developed by Thomas Edison from his other invention-phonograph • Still survived in the form of peep shows.
  • Punch card

    Punch card
    • Stiff paper used to contain digital information
    • Card for computing data
  • Motion picture photography/projection

    Motion picture photography/projection
    Motion picture, also called film or movie, series of still photographs on film, projected in rapid succession onto a screen by means of light. Because of the optical phenomenon known as persistence of vision, this gives the illusion of actual, smooth, and continuous movement
  • Kinetophone

    Kinetophone
    Provide music to accompany the image of the kinetoscope
  • Period: to

    Information Age

  • Motion picture with sound

    Motion picture with sound
    Sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film.
  • Period: to

    Electronic Age

  • Television

    Television
    • Used for transmitting moving images
    • Primary medium during 1950
  • ENIAC

    ENIAC
    • Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer
    • One of the earliest electronic general- purpose computers made
  • Transistor Radio

    Transistor Radio
    • Have patterns of holes punched in it ELECTRONIC AGE
    • Small portable radio receiver that uses transistors in its circuits
  • Mainframe Computers

    Mainframe Computers
    • High-level computer designed for most intensive computational tasks
  • LCD projector

    LCD projector
    • Displays video, image, or computer data
  • Search Engines

    Search Engines
    • Software system that is designed to search for information on the World Wide Web
    • The information may be a mix of web pages, images, and other types of files.
  • Blogs

    Blogs
    Blog-publishing service that allows multi-user blogs with time-stamped entries • Developed by Pyra Labs
  • Social networks

    Social networks
    • Social structure made up of a set of social actors (such as individuals or organizations), sets of dyadic ties, and other social interactions between actors.
  • Video

    Video
    Video-sharing Internet venture
  • Microblogs

    Microblogs
    •broadcast medium that exists in the form of blogging • allow users to exchange small elements of content such as short sentences, individual images, or video links