Toffler's waves of history from 1900

  • Period: to

    1st Wave :Agriculture Age

    Industrial AgeOxen and horses for power, crude wooden plows, all sowing by hand, cultivating by hoe, hay and grain cutting with sickle, and threshing with flail. This is the age when all our ancestors were living in homes with two to three families and they all taught each other under in the church or home.
  • Submarine

    Cornelis Drebbel, a Dutchman, conceived and built an oared submersible. Drebbels' submarine design was the first to address the problem of air replenishment while submerged.
  • Air Pump

    Air Pump
    The hand bellows, used by early smelters and blacksmiths for working iron and metals, was a simple type of air compressor and the first pneumatic device. During the 17th century, Otto von Guericke experimented with and improved air compressors. In 1650, Otto von Guericke invented the air pump, used to create a partial vacuum.
  • Piano

    The piano first known as the pianoforte evolved from the harpsichord around 1700 to 1720, by Italian inventor Bartolomeo Cristofor. Harpsichord manufacturers had been determined to produce an instrument with a better dynamic response than the harpsichord. Bartolomeo Cristofali, the keeper of instruments in the court of Prince Ferdinand de Medici of Florence, was the first to solve the problem.
  • Seed Drill

    Jethro Tull invented the seed drill (in 1701), the horse-drawn hoe, and an improved plough. Tull was educated at Oxford, England where studied law, he later studied agriculture during his travels across Europe. Jethro Tull inherited land in the southern part of England where he put into practice his study of agriculture.
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    2nd Wave: Industrial Age

    Industrial AgeThis was the period from the 18th century to the 19th century when people actually began working in the workforce,There was an economical change leading toward the enhancement of better living conditions. Machines were invented and families became more independent.
  • The Cotton Gin and Eli Whitney

    The Cotton Gin and Eli Whitney
    Eli Whitney was the inventor of the cotton gin and a pioneer in the mass production of cotton. Whitney was born in Westboro, Massachusetts on December 8, 1765 and died on January 8, 1825. He graduated from Yale College in 1792. By April 1793, Whitney had designed and constructed the cotton gin, a machine that automated the separation of cottonseed from the short-staple cotton fiber.
  • 18th century

    18th century
    18th century
    Transportation by water, on trails, or through wilderness
  • Period: to

    Strand 5: Nature of society and culture

  • Era of Turnpikes

    The era of turnpike building (toll roads) improved communication and commerce between settlements
  • Tom Thumb

    Tom Thumb
    Designed and built by Peter Cooper in 1830, the Tom Thumb was the first American-built steam locomotive to be operated on a common-carrier railroad.
  • Proctor and Gamble Company

    Proctor and Gamble Company
    Gamble William Procter and James Gamble create the Procter & Gamble Company.
  • John deere Plw developed

    John deere Plw developed
    In 1837, John Deere developed and marketed the world's first self-polishing cast steel plow. The large plows made for cutting the tough American prairie ground were called "grasshopper plows."
  • The Pullman Sleeping Car

    The Pullman Sleeping Car
    The Pullman Sleeping Car was invented by George Pullman in 1857. Pullman's railroad coach or sleeper was designed for overnight passenger travel. Sleeping cars were being used on American railroads since the 1830s, however, early sleepers were not that comfortable and the Pullman Sleeper was very comfortable.
    Standard pullman car on a deluxe overland limited train.
    LOC [between 1910 and 1920]More Images (3)Sponsored Links
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  • Supreme Court rules "separate but equal" legal

    Supreme Court rules "separate but equal" legal
    The issue of whether public facilities may be segregated based on race first arose in the context of transportation, not education. In the 1896 case of Plessy v Ferguson, the Supreme Court concluded that a Louisiana law requiring whites and blacks to ride in separate railroad cars did not violate the Equal Protection Clause. In an opinion that reads as though written by someone from Mars, Justice Brown wrote that the law did not "stamp the colored race with a badge of inferiority" and that any
  • Television

    At the World's Fair in Paris, the first International Congress of Electricity was held. That is where Russian Constantin Perskyi made the first known use of the word "television."
  • Period: to

    Strand 2: Technology

  • Period: to

    Strand 1: Three waves

  • Escalator

    Charles Seeberger, together with the Otis Elevator Company produced the first commercial escalator in 1899 at the Otis factory in Yonkers, N.Y. The Seeberger-Otis wooden escalator won first prize at the Paris 1900 Exposition Universelle in France. Jesse Reno's Coney Island ride success briefly made Jesse Reno into "the" escalator designer and he founded the Reno Electric Stairways and Conveyors company in 1902
  • Inventions in the early 1900s

    Inventions in the early 1900s
    Willis Carrier invents the air conditioner. In 1902, only one year after Willis Haviland Carrier graduated from Cornell University with a Masters in Engineering, the first air conditioning was in operation, making one Brooklyn printing plant owner very happy. Fluctuations in heat and humidity in his plant had caused the dimensions of the printing paper to keep altering slightly, enough to ensure a misalignment of the colored inks. The new air conditioning machine cr
  • Gas Tractor

    Gas Tractor
    Big open-geared gas tractors came into use in areas of extensive farming.
  • Radio Broadcasting

    Radio Broadcasting
    By 1910, in general use for ship-to-shore communication.

    This was not "broadcasting" but point-to-point communication. What made broadcasting possible was the invention of the audion tube by DeForest in 1906-the tube permitting modulation of sound. Voices of Caruso and Emmy Dustin were broadcast experimentally in 1910; from 1910 to 1917, there was considerable amateur experimentation with broadcasting of various forms of program materials-chiefly talks, vocal, music,and phonograph.
  • Automobile Ignitions and motors

    The first electrical ignition system or electric starter motor for cars was invented by GM engineers Clyde Coleman and Charles Kettering. The self starting ignition was first installed in a Cadillac on February 17, 1911. The invention of the electric starter motor by Charles Kettering eliminated the need for hand cranking. United States Patent #1,150,523, was issued to Charles Kettering of Dayton, Ohio in 1915. Charles Kettering became the founder of Delco (Dayton Engineering Laboratories Com
  • Wireless Transmission

    Wireless Transmission
    The first wireless transmission was received on an airplane.
  • Microchips

    Use of microchips is foreshadowed as
    physicist Manson Benedicks discovers that
    the germanium crystal can be used to
    convert alternating current to direct current.
  • Neon Lamp

    •Georges Claude displayed the first neon lamp to the public on December 11, 1910, in Paris. Jelly Fish
    Courtesy of Eric EhlenbergerMore Images (3)The theory behind neon sign technology dates back to 1675 before the age of electricity, when the French astronomer Jean Picard* observed a faint glow in a mercury barometer tube. When the tube was shaken a glow called barometric light occurred, but the cause of the light (static electricity) was not understood at that time.
    Even though the cause of b
  • Flip-flop Electronic Switching

    Eccles and Jordan, US physicists,
    invent the flip-flop electronic switching
    circuit critical to high-speed electronic
    counting systems.
  • Movie houses

    Movie houses
    The first machine patented in the United States that showed animated pictures or movies was a device called the "wheel of life" or "zoopraxiscope". Patented in 1867 by William Lincoln, moving drawings or photographs were watched through a slit in the zoopraxiscope. However, this was a far cry from motion pictures as we know them today. Modern motion picture making began with the invention of the motion picture camera.
  • Television

    Color television signals are successfully transmitted.
  • Bullet Proof vest

    Bullet Proof vest
    The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office lists records dating back to 1919 for various designs of bullet proof vests and body armor type garments. One of the first documented instances where such a garment was demonstrated for use by law enforcement officers was detailed in the April 2, 1931 edition of the Washington, D.C., Evening Star, where a bullet proof vest was demonstrated to members of the Metropolitan Police Department.
  • Punch Card machine

    In 1933 IBM acquired the tools, patents and production facilities of Electromatic Typewriters, Inc., of Rochester, N.Y. In the year following the acquisition, IBM invested more than $1 million to redesign the Electromatic Typewriter, improve the company's research facilities and establish service centers. In 1935, the Model 01 IBM Electric Typewriter, seen here, was introduced. Wide customer acceptance soon made it the first successful electric typewriter in the United States.
  • Computers

    First freely programmable computer.
  • Agriculture

    Increased use of herbicides and pesticides
  • Tractors

    Number of tractors on farms exceeded the number of horses and mules for first times
  • Gerald Pearson, Calvin Fuller and Daryl Chapin - Efficient Solar Cells

    Gerald Pearson, Calvin Fuller and Daryl Chapin - Efficient Solar Cells
    In 1954, three American researchers, Gerald Pearson, Calvin Fuller and Daryl Chapin, designed a silicon solar cell capable of a six percent energy conversion efficiency with direct sunlight.
    The three inventors created an array of several strips of silicon placed them in sunlight, captured the free electrons and turned them into electrical current. They created the first solar panels. Bell Laboratories in New York announced the prototype manufacture of a ne
  • First jumbo jet

    First jumbo jet
    Dr. Hans von Ohain and Sir Frank Whittle are both recognized as being the co-inventors of the jet engine. Each worked separately and knew nothing of the other's work. Hans von Ohain is considered the designer of the first operational turbojet engine. Frank Whittle was the first to register a patent for the turbojet engine in 1930. Hans von Ohain was granted a patent for his turbojet engine in 1936. However, Hans von Ohain's jet was the first to fly in 1939. Frank Whittle's jet first flew in in 1
  • Biotechnology

    Biotechnology became a viable technique for improving crop and livestock products
  • Period: to

    Strand 3: the nature of work 1980's-1990's

    1980's - More farmers used no-till or low-till methods to curb erosion
    1987 - 1-1/2 to 2 labor-hours required to produce 100 pounds (1/5 acre) of lint cotton with tractor, 4-row stalk cutter, 20-foot disk, 6-row bedder and planter, 6-row cultivator with herbicide applicator, and 4-row harvester
    1987 - 3 labor-hours required to produce 100 bushels (3 acres) of wheat with tractor, 35-foot sweep disk, 30-foot drill, 25-foot self-propelled combine, and trucks
  • Apple Computer with GUI

    Apple Computer with GUI
    The first home computer with a GUI, graphical user interface.
  • Cellular Phones

    Cellular Phones
    Cellular telephones in cars become wide-spread.
    CD-ROMs in computers.
  • Period: to

    4th Wave: Communications

    This is the age we are headed into. We are partially there by use of virtual classrooms for learning, laser technologies, etc. Inter access will continue. More software aoplications will be developed.
  • Period: to

    South Africa acceptsracial equality

    To combat and dismantle racial inequality, a variety of groups and tactics emerged throughout the twentieth century in the United States and other countries. The predominant strategy has been nonviolent disobedience, the political mobilization of resources, and moral suasion to mobilize public opinion. However, some groups have advocated armed self-defense or violence as a strategy for revolutionary change.
  • Bluetooth

    Bluetooth is an open wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances (using short wavelength radio transmissions) from fixed and mobile devices, creating personal area networks (PANs) with high levels of security. Created by telecoms vendor Ericsson in 1994, it was originally conceived as a wireless alternative to RS-232 data cables. It can connect several devices, overcoming problems of synchronization. Today Bluetooth is managed by the Bluetooth Special Interest Group.
  • Strand 5: Society & Culture

    Strand 5: Society & Culture
    Jul 1, 1900 During this age the family includes single parent homes, traditional families, and blended families. Education is received traditional, digitial, and internet. Internet was used as a form of communication along with cell phones. Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2008). Evolution of educational technology in society, education, and workplace. Baltimore: Author.
  • Webquest

    Bernie Dodge and Tom March developed Webquest
  • Period: to

    Distance Learning Education increase

    1997-98: Enrollments in distance courses in higher education nearly doubled from 1994-95 (Reiser, 2002). Distance learning was offered by 78% of public four-year higher education institutions .
  • Computer Technology

    1999: Advances in computer technology, especially multimedia, enabled constructivist educators to design more learner-centered educational experiences (Reiser, 2002). Reiser, R. A. (2002). A history of instructional design and technology. In R.A. Reiser & J.V. Dempsey (Eds.), Trends and issues in instructional design and technology (pp.26-53). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall.
  • Period: to

    Educational Theories of learning instructions

    No Child left behindSubstantial changes in the No Child Left Behind Act are eventually expected, but with two ongoing wars as well as the current preoccupation with our nation's economic problems, reauthorization of NCLB is unlikely to happen any time soon.
  • No child Left Behind Act Passed

    2001 - The controversial No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) is approved by Congress and signed into law by President George W. Bush on January 8, 2002. The law, which reauthorizes the ESEA of 1965, holds schools accountable for student achievement levels and provides penalties for schools that do not make adequate yearly progress toward meeting the goals of NCLB.
  • Kmart

    KmartKmart Corporation files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
    The purchase of Compaq Computer Corporation makes Hewlett-Packard the second-largest computer manufacturer in the world.
  • YouTube

    YouTube was invented by Steve Chen, Chad Hurley and Jawed Karim out of a garage in Menlo Park. The inventors became millionaires when they sold their invention for 1.65 billion dollars to the search engine Google.
    YouTube was founded in February 2005, as a destination to watch and share original videos worldwide through the Web. Users can upload and share video clips on and YouTube enables video embedding that allows YouTube videos to be placed on n
  • iPhone

    The iPhone was created.The iPhone is a line of Internet and multimedia-enabled smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc.
  • Biobattery

    The new bio battery will generate electricity from a sugar solution and will be used to run the 2008 Sony Walkman. The bio battery incorporates an anode consisting of sugar-digesting enzymes and mediator, and a cathode comprising oxygen-reducing enzymes and mediator, either side of a cellophane separator. Through a process of electrochemical reaction, electricity will be generated.
  • President Barack Obama

    Barack Obama became the 44th President of the United States of America.
    Obama had an overwhelming victory over Sen. John McCain, who pledged Tuesday night to help Obama lead.
  • Global financial crisis and recession

    Global financial crisis and recession
    The global financial crisis, brewing for a while, really started to show its effects in the middle of 2007 and into 2008. Around the world stock markets have fallen, large financial institutions have collapsed or been bought out, and governments in even the wealthiest nations have had to come up with rescue packages to bail out their financial systems. On the one hand many people are concerned that those responsible for the financial problems are the ones being bailed out, while on the other h
  • Bionic Lens

    Inventor, Babak Parviz has invented a contact lens embeded with solar-powered leds and a radio-frequency receiver. Intially, Babak Parviz developed the contact lens to wirelessly communicate medical information about the health of the eye and wearer. However, other applications were soon realized. According to Parviz, "There are many possible uses for virtual displays. Drivers or pilots could see a vehicle's speed projected onto the windshield. Video-game companies could use the contact lenses t
  • Sixth Sense

    Sixth Sense
    The SixthSense is a wearable gestural interface that lets natural hand gestures interact with digital information. In other words, it's the computer interface that you have watching in every science fiction film made in the last ten years. Imagine a watch appearing on your wrist when you tap on it, or a phone call being placed after tapping out a phone number on the palm of your hand. Still a prototype, the SixthSense's hardware components are coupled in a wearable device with a projector and a
  • Michael Jackson

    Michael Jackson
    Pop star Michael Jackson has died in Los Angeles, aged 50. Paramedics were called to the singer's Beverly Hills home at about midday on Thursday after he stopped breathing. He was pronounced dead two hours later at the UCLA medical centre. Jackson's brother, Jermaine, said he was believed to have suffered a cardiac arrest. Jackson, who had a history of health problems, had been due to stage a series of comeback concerts in the UK, beginning on 13 July.
  • Electric Eyes - Retinal Implants

    Electric Eyes - Retinal Implants
    The Retinal Implant Research Group has developed a microelectronic retinal implant to restore vision to patients with age-related macular degeneration and blindness. A microchip will be implanted into the patient's eyeball. A pair of glasses equipped with a tiny camera will transmit information to that microchip that will pass along recognizable visual information to the human brain, enough information to allow a blind person to navigate the room or recognize objects. Dr. Joseph Rizzo and Profes
  • VoIP

    Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is the latest invention of the communication technology. It is a technology that uses internet as the source of transferring the voice from one place to another. Digital technology is the underlying technique for transmitting the sound signals. A recent survey done by Oysterman Research says that, in the year 2009 alone the number of VoIP services were taken by 64% of the corporate population and the forecast says that it will saturate the market soon. Let's h
  • Period: to

    Strand 6: Other

    [US History Timeline]( )Political, economic, religious, or any other
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  • 10. 3M/Littmann Electronic Stethoscope Model 3200 With Zargis Cardioscan

    10. 3M/Littmann Electronic Stethoscope Model 3200 With Zargis Cardioscan
    The stethoscope hasn’t undergone many significant breakthroughs until now. 3M’s new stethoscope listens to a patient’s heartbeat, captures the sound for later playback, lets you transmit sounds real-time to your PC, which can then be further analyzed, attached to medical records, or reviewed online with colleagues.
    The sound-amplifying 3M Littmann Electronic Stethoscope 3200 will not only be able to catch dangerous murmurs and heart defects but will also eliminate more than eight million unneces
  • Amazon posts its first profit, $5.1 million in the fourth quarter.
    America Online purchases Time Warner, forming AOL Time Warner.
  • Target Corporation

    Reflecting the growth of its discount stores, Dayton Hudson changes its name to Target Corporation.
    The British-Dutch conglomerate Unilever buys Ben & Jerry's for $236 million and vows it will maintain the Vermont company's social and environmental commitments. Children's Television Workshop changes its name to Sesame Workshop