Moments in Multimedia History

  • Feb 24, 1435

    Leone Alberti writes Della Picctura.

    Leone Alberti writes Della Picctura.
    The book sstematizes the turles for drawing three dimensional scenes on two-dimensional planes.
  • Feb 24, 1455

    Gutenberg Press

    Gutenberg Press
    Printing Press Gutenberg and Caxton, movable type printing.
  • England´s Parliament

    England´s Parliament formally concedes the right of jounalists to cover its proceedings.
  • The World Turn´d Upside Down

    The American Colonies declare their independence from Great Britain. Mass production and distribution of the Declaration of Independence and Thomas Paine´s hep usher in a new era of personal freedom, one that stresses public educarion and citizen involvement. While the transformation will take many years to reach its full potential, an informarional Rubicon has been crossed.
  • The Electricity

    The Electricity
    Franklin discovers electricity.
  • The First Amendment to the U. S. Constitution

    The First Amendment to the U. S. Constitution
    The First Amendment to the U. S. Constitution guarantees freedom of speech and freedom of the press.
  • Charles Babbage (1791-1871)

    Charles Babbage (1791-1871)
    Charkes Babbage designs the Difference Engine.
    Reformer militant, mathematician, computer pioneer, economist, mecchanical engineer, code-breaker, inventor, society figure, etc, etc.
  • Lady Byron (first computer program)

    Lady Byron (first computer program)
    Babage designs Analytical Machine, often considered to be the first general-purpose computer.
    Lady Byron writes programs for the machine.
  • Morse Code

    Morse Code
    Samuel Morse invented the Morse Code (sequence of elements).
    He debuts the telegraph. The invention revolutionizes the transmission of information.
    Louis Daguerre invents the daguerreotype, the first practical form of photographic reproduction.
  • Daguerreotype Photographs

    Daguerreotype Photographs
    Daguerreotype photographs produced using a paper negative.
    Magazines begin publishing woodcuts and lithographs produced from deguerreotypes.
  • Negative-positive Photo Process

    Negative-positive Photo Process
    William Henry Fox Talbox patents the Calotype, a negative-positive photo process.
  • Ada Byron

    Ada Byron
    Ada Byron, a mathematician and daughter of the famed poet, translates an article on Baggage´s Analytical Engine, and at Babbage´s request, adds her own extensife notes. She predicts that such macchines might someday be used to create graphics and compose music.
  • The Associated Press

    Six U.S. newspapers pool their resources to establish The Associated Press. The partnership is designed to help defray the huge expense of sending news stories via telegraph.
  • Stereoscope at the Crystal Palace in London

    Sir David Brewster exhibits the Steroscope ant the Crystal Palace in London. Queen ictoria is amused. Over the next 70 years, the three-dimensional picture viewer will become as ubiquitous in households as television is today.
  • Roger Fenton

    Roger Fenton
    Roger Fenton photographs the Crimean War, but the pcitures reain unseen by the general pyblic because newspapers cannot yet publish photos.
  • The Associated Press

    The Associated Press leases its own telegraph line, over the obhections of Western Union. The link allows AP to move news more quickly and efficiently.
  • The First Phone Call

    The First Phone Call
    Alexander Graham Bell makes the first phone call. Pizza es still another 75 years away.
  • The Phonograph

    Thomas Alva Edison invents the Phonograph. He also cuts the first recording, asoulful redition of ¨Mary had a Little Lamb.¨
  • The Elenctromechanical Machine

    The Elenctromechanical Machine
    While tabulating the 1880 U. S. census, statistian Herman Hollerith invents an electromechanical machine that reads holes in perforated cards. In 1896 he founds the Thabulating Machine Company
  • Kinetophonograph

    Kinetophonograph
    Dickson demonstrates the Kinetophonograph to Edison. This device synchronizes sound from a phonograph to iamges from a a Kinetoscope.
  • The Humpty Dumpty Circus

    Albert E. Smith and J. Stuart Blackton introduce stop-motion animation in The Humpty Dumpty Circus.
  • The Fax Machine

    The Fax Machine
    The Fax Machine is invented by German scientist Arthur Korn.
  • James Stuart Blackton

    James Stuart Blackton introduces animation to fulm with his shirt Humorous Phases of Funny Faces.
  • Walt Disney

    Walt Disney debuts Steamboat Willie, the second short starring a mouse named Mickey, and the first cartoon to use synchronized asound. Disney weites the soundtrack with futrure Warner Brothers composer Carl Stalling.
  • The First Experimental Television Station.

    WGY in Schenectady, New York becomes the first experimental television station.
  • The Associated Press

    The Associated Press introduces the Wirephoto, allowing newspapers to receive photos almost as soon as they are developed, instead o fwaiting for them ot arrive in the mail.
  • Superman makes his debut.

    Speaking of strange visitors from other planets, Superman makes his debut. The Man of Steel will first help popularize comic books, and then punch their way into the cultural mainstream. Face it: most of us know more aout Jor-El and Lara than we do agout George Washington´s parents.
  • The Wizard of Oz

    The Wizard of Oz
    It isn´t the first color movie, and it isnt the last black and white one, but no film more memorably shows the difference between the two formats than The Wizard of Oz.
  • Fantasia

    Walt Disney releases Fantasia, often regarded as the high-water mark of animation.
  • Pat the Bunny

    Dorothy Kunhardt´s Pat the Bunny is published. A simple book employing multimedia and interactivity, it will teach milions of children to think outside of the box.
  • This is London...

    Edward R. Murrow brings the reality of the Luftwaffe´s bombing of the British capital into the homes of millions of Americans. Five ears later, he will present an unflinching radio report about the horrors of the Buchenwald concentration camp. Durind the latter part of his career, Murrow will set the standard for Americans broadcast journalism through television shows like See It Now and Harvest of Shame...
  • Citizen Kane

    Orson Welles releases Citizen Kane, a skillful blending of varied media. Hollywood barely notices, but it will eventually be deemed the greatest film of all time.
  • Polaroid Instant Camera

    Edwin Land debuts the Polaroid instant camera.
  • The Transistor

    The Transistor is invented at Bell Telephone Laboratories.
  • Ernie Kovacs

    Ernie Kovacs makes a quantum leap from radio to television. During the next 12 years, he will poke, prod and rewrite the rules, literally knocking on America´s TV screens.
  • The Picturephone

    The Picturephone is first tested at Bell Telephone Laboratories.
  • Telstar

    Telstar, the first communications satellite is launched into orbit. The first satellite telecast soon follows, including part of a baseball game between the Chicago Cubs and the Philadelphia Phillies.
  • Word Processor

    IBM introduces the word processor.
  • Sgt. Pepper´s Lonely Hearts Club Band

    Pop music and pop art converge on the Beatle´Sgt. Pepper´s Lonely Hearts Club Band. The concept album´s packaging features a ground-breaking cover, lyrics to the songs, a decorative inner sleeve, and a cut-out sheet that includes a groovy moustache.
  • 2001: A Space Odyssey

    Stanley Kubrick releases 2001: A Space Odyssey, which relies on vusuals, sound and music to tell its story. Based on a short story by Arthur C. Clarke, the fiim was the first to portray realistic space flight, and has much to sy on the dehumanizing influences on technology. On the prognostication side, it absolutely nails the flat screen monitors which now appear in airplane seetbacks.
  • To land a man on the moon

    The US effort to land a man on the moo and return im safely to Earth pays off handsomely. Technology spinoffs include laptop computers, smal solid-state lasers, cordless power tools, solar power cells, liquid crystals, and Tang.
  • Yellow Submarine

    Yellow Submarine is released, featuring the eponymous Tang-colored submersible. The animated film blends a variety of artistic styles with the music of the Beatles. The accompanying marketing blitz puts psychedelic art on main street.
  • Ray Tomlinson

    Computer engineer Ray Tomlinson sends the first e-mail message: most likely, it was QWERTYIOP or something similar.¨Tomlinson also designates @ as the locator symbol for electronic addresses.
  • The Magnavox Odyssey

    The Magnavox Odyssey, the first home video game system, is released.
  • Nolan Bushnell

    Nolan Bushnell and Atari introduce Pong, the first coin-operated video game.
  • MITS

    MITS releases the first successful personal computer. The Altair is named for a planet from the Star Trek television series. It uses Intel Corporation´s 8080 MICROPROCESSOR, ALSO DEVELOPEDL IN 1974.
  • Bill Gates and Faul Allen

    Bill Gates and Paul Allen adapt BASIC to run on the Altair 8800, and sell the interpreter to MITS. It´s the first computer language program writter for the PC. By the end of November, the duo´s new company has a name: MICRO-SOFT.
  • Personal Computing

    Personal computing´s other two wunderkinder, Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs fromm Apple.
  • The Apple II

    The Apple II changes everything. It´s the first PC to use coloer graphics.
  • The Wall

    Pink Floyd performs The Wall. The shows incorporate music, animatins, giant puppets.
  • MTV Debuts

    MTV debuts.
  • IBM releases its first PC.

    IBM releases its first PC.
  • Star Trek II

    Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan becomes the first film to utilize an all-digital computer graphic sequence.
  • Microsoft Windows

    Microsoft Windows version 1.0 hits the streets.
  • The Academic American Encyclopedia

    The Academic American Encyclopedia becomes the first CD-ROM encyclopedia.
  • Macromind

    Macromind releases Director, a multimedia authoring tool.
  • The Berners-Lee

    British physicist Tim Berners-Lee proposes a global hypertext sustem, The World Wide Web. During the next few years, he willdevelop the standards for URL, HTML , and HTTP.
  • The World Wide Web

    The World Wide Web makes its debut on the Internet.
  • HTML

    Hypertext, markup language, debuts, giving anyone with an interest the tools to build their own Web page.
  • Web Browser

    Mosaic, the first graphical Web browser, is released.
  • The Rolling Stones

    The Rolling Stones become the first major band to broadcast a live performance over the Internet, using Mbone to transmit 25 minutes from a concert in Dallas, Texas.
  • Xing Technologies

    Xing Technologies releases Stream Works, the first 24-hour live streaming audio and video broadcast system for the Internet. Sing is bought by RealNetworks in 1999.
  • DVD

    DVD video is introduced; full-length movies are now distributed on a single CD. The DVD format also promises to transform the music, gaming and computer industries.
  • Napster

    Napster debuts, allowing users to download theri favorite MP3s. The service puts peer-to-peer computing on the map, enabling individual computers to interact with each other, instead of downliading from a centralized server. Napster also becomes the focal point in a battle royal over copyright and intellectual property in teh wired age.
  • Postmodern humas project images

    Postmodern humans project images on the walls of their pryramids. For one magical night, we all party like it´s 1999, and the world really does seem like a smaller place. Unless you wnt to bed early.
  • Itunes and iPod

    Itunes and iPod
    The Revolution will be downloaded: Apple introduces iTunes and the iPod.
  • Columbia Records

    Columbia Records introduces the 33 1/3 RPM vinyl record (also known as the long-playing record, or LP)