Cause 1: French and Indian War (1754 - 1763)Who fought on each side (don’t forget the allies): French with Native Americans vs. British Colonies (British Government) Where (territory-can be general) :North America When (dates: year to year): 1754 - 1763 Who won the war: British Colonies How is this a cause that led to war?:
Great Britain was in huge debt from financing the war, King George the III sent British troops to guard the Appalachian mt. to prevent conflict/ war.
Cause 2: Proclamation of 1763Who issued it: King George Who did it affect: It affected colonists that lived or looked to move west of the Appalachian Mt. When: It was passed when the French and Indian war ended What did the Proclamation do to the colonies?: It limited where the Colonist could live and put lots of British soldiers in the colonist How is this a cause that led to war?:
This angered many colonists because they believed that because they fought to win the land but now they should be able to use it.
Cause 3: Sugar ActWhen was it enacted: 1764 How did it affect the colonists? It placed tariffs on imported coffee, textiles, wine, sugar, and molasses How is this a cause that led to war?:
This led to war because it upset the England rum companies that used molasses and sugar to make rum. This caused them to make the first Committee of Correspondence to raise awareness about the taxes.
Cause 4: Stamp ActWhen was it enacted: March 22, 1765 How did it affect the colonists? It made it so they need a stamp on all paper documents such as newspapers, wills, and playing cards to be stamped. How is this a cause that led to war?: This is a cause of the war because it was seen by the colonists as Britain putting taxes on them without their permission. They feared that if they did not fight it Britain would do it more.
Cause 5: Quartering ActWhen was it enacted: March 24, 1765 How did it affect the colonists? It made it so that the colonial government needed to provide food and shelter for the British troops. How is this a cause that led to war?:
Many colonists saw this as too harsh a tax. Also many thought that the troops were not needed because the war with the french had ended. It also made the colonists feel like they did not have a voice. So they wanted a representative in Parliament.
Cause 6: Tea/Townshend ActWhen was it enacted: 1767
How did it affect the colonists?
Things like glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea had taxes put on them, or had taxes raised.
How is this a cause that led to war?:
This upset the colonists and they began to boycott British goods. This hurt the economy and also led to the Boston Tea Party.
Cause 7: Boston MassacreWho: British soldiers, and colonist Rebels Where: streets of Boston When: March 5, 1770 What happened and why: British soldiers fired upon a crowd of Rebels killing 5 of them. How is this a cause that led to war? This led to war because it united the colonists against Britain and all the colonies now formed a Committee of Correspondence to communicate and plan on what to do and if they should form a militia.
Boston Tea PartyWho:Sons of Liberty Where: Boston Harbor When: December 16, 1773 What happened and why: The Sons of Liberty boarded a boat and dumped over a million dollars into the harbor. They did this to rebel against the tea act Outcome/effect: The effect of this is that the King George and Parliament passed the Intolerable acts.
Cause 8: Intolerable ActsWho: people of Boston, and Britain’s government
When: March 24, 1774
What happened and why: It closed Boston port, let Britain appoint governors, and gave the governors lots of power.
How is this a cause that led to war? This act affected both rebels and loyalists. This greatly angered many people because it went against what they moved there for. They wanted to get their rights back and Britain kept taking them.