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American Democracy

  • Nov 20, 1215

    Magna Carta/Great Charter

    Magna Carta/Great Charter
    1. limited the powers of the monarch and preserved the basic legal rights of all free men in England
    2. sent out to all the towns and provinces of England
  • Jan 1, 1500


    1. exportation of finished goods was favored over extractive industries like farming
    2. was a reaction against the economic problems of earlier times
    3. development of colonies became very attractive during this era
  • Jamestown Colony (established)

    Jamestown Colony (established)
    1. established 13 years before Plymouth Rock
    2. in the beginning struggled to make a profit for the company
    3. 104 men and boys first arrived
    4. the colonists lacked the skills needed to survive in the New World
  • House of Burgesses

    House of Burgesses
    1. first asswmbly to make local government in Virginia more responsive to the colonists
    2. held in Jamestown
    3. inital session accomplished little
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    1. first governing document of Plymouth Colon
    2. signed by some passangers of the Maflower to keep peace
  • Plymouth Colony (established)

    Plymouth Colony (established)
    1. settled by the Pilgrams who had little religious tolerance
    2. originally 102 colonists
    3. left England in search of religious freedom
    4. learned and got along with the Indians
    5. By the end of winter half the orginal colonist had died
  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

    Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
    1. basic law for Connecticut from 1639 to 1662 2, tge charter if Connecticut in 1662 was largely based on the Fundamental Orders
  • Culpeper's Rebellion

    Culpeper's Rebellion
    1. in 1677 North Carolina colonists complained about the Navigation Acts
    2. a revolt in Albemarie against the appointed governor took place
    3. Culpeper led the revolt
    4. Culpeper was charged and tried for treason but never punished
  • Glorious Revolution

    Glorious Revolution
    1. established the victor of Parliament over the king
    2. all new taxes had to be approved by the Parliament
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    1. the final Colonial war
    2. the beginnign of open hostilites between the colonies and Great Britian
    3. England and France had been building toward a conflict in America since 1689
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    1. signed into law by King William III 2, one of the fundamental documents of English Constitutional law
  • Salem Witch Trials

    Salem Witch Trials
    1. more than 200 people were accused of practicing witchcraft, mainly women, and 20 were executed
    2. occured between 1692 and 1693
  • The Great Awakening

    The Great Awakening
    1. occured in the 1730s
    2. revitalization of religious piety that happened in the colonies
    3. marked a new effort by the colonists to reach out to Native Americans and African-Americans
  • Albany Plan of Union

    Albany Plan of Union
    1. adopted by 7 of the colonies
    2. was never carried out
    3. first important plan to conceive of the colonies as a collective whole united under one government
  • Proclamation line of 1763

    Proclamation line of 1763
    1. separated English land from the Indian's land
    2. angered many colonists who fought to gain new land
  • Pontiac's Rebellion

    Pontiac's Rebellion
    1. Cheif Pontiac and many other Indian's attacked the British at Fort Detroit
    2. They were successful in seizing man British hubs and forts
  • Sugar/Revenue Act of 1764

    Sugar/Revenue Act of 1764
    1. modified version of the Sugar Act that was passed in 1733
    2. three-pence per gallon
    3. taxable items: wines and cloth, coffee, tropical foods and silk
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    -imposed on all American colonists
    -taxed every piece of printed paper used
    -the money collected was to be used to help pay the costs of defending and protecting the American frontier near the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Virginia Resolves

    Virginia Resolves
    1. Patrick Henry proposed seven resoultions against the Stamp Act
    2. the first four resoultions were adopted and passed by the House of Burgeeses
  • Sons of Liberty

    Sons of Liberty
    1. Americans that opposed the Stamp Act
    2. started as the Loyal Nine consisting of shopkeepers and artisans
    3. existed in every colony
  • Townsend Act

    Townsend Act
    1. Taxed goods produced outside the colonies such as paint, tea, coffee and cocoa
    2. were to be paid in British pounds
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    1. was a street fight between a mob and a squad of British soldiers
    2. several colonists were killed
  • Gaspee Incident

    Gaspee Incident
    1. citizens of Rhode Island burned the British Naval cutter, the Gaspee
  • Commettees of Correspondence

    Commettees of Correspondence
    1. formed as a means of coordinating action against Great Britian
    2. 21 members
    3. first assignment was to prepare a series of reports outlining the colonists' rights
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    1. designed to prop up the East India Company
    2. lead to the Boston Tea Party
    3. colonists in Philadelphia and New York turned the tea ships back to Britian
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    1. the Sons of Liberty dressed as Indians and dumped British tea in the barbor
    2. Result of the Tea act and caused the Intolerable Acts
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    1. laws that were reall punishments for the colonies
    2. 5 acts in all: Impartial Administration of Justice Act, Massachusetts Bay Regulating Act, Boston Port Act, Quebec Act, Quarting Act
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    1. lasted until October 26, 1774
    2. held because the colonists were upset about the Intolerable Acts and the taxes
    3. held in Philadelphia
    4. each state sent a representative to the Congress
  • Edenton Tea Party

    Edenton Tea Party
    1. one of the earliest organized women's political action in the US history
    2. held in Edenton, North Carolina
    3. 51 women formed an alliance against the taxs
    4. Organized by Penelope Barker but held in Elizabeth King's home
  • Seoond Continental Congress

    Seoond Continental Congress
    1. decided to completely break away from Britian
    2. decided how to organize the militia of the colonies better
    3. appointed George Washington as commander-in-chief of the army
  • Mecklenburg Resolves

    Mecklenburg Resolves
    1. Mecklenburg Committee of Safety adopted a series of resolutions that became known as the Mecklenburg Resolves
  • Halifax Resolves

    Halifax Resolves
    1. first action taken by the colonies for independence
    2. were recommendations directed to all the colonies
    3. 83 delegates adopted the Halifax Resolves
  • Declaration of Independance

    Declaration of Independance
    1. written by Thomas Jefferson
    2. 56 delegates signed it
    3. most important American document
    4. justified the right to revoltt against a government that no longer guarranteed natuaral rights
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    1. created during the Revoluntinary War
    2. the first constitution of the US
    3. each state retained their "soverignty, freedom and independence"
    4. all 13 states signed it
  • Treaty of Paris 1783

    Treaty of Paris 1783
    1. formall ended the war for independance
    2. 9 articles in total
    3. was signed by John Adams, Bengamin Franklin, John Jay and others
  • Land Ordinance of 1785

    Land Ordinance of 1785
    1. one of the most legislative acts in American histor
    2. established a method for the survey and sale of Western lands
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's Rebellion
    1. clash between New England farmers and merchants
    2. rose in Massachusetts
    3. wound down in 1787 with a new government, better economy and the creation of the US Constitution
  • Federalists/Anti-Federalists Papers

    Federalists/Anti-Federalists Papers
    1. the purpose of the Federalists Papers was to gain support of the Constitution
    2. the Anti-Federalists Papers contained arguments against ratification of the Constitution in many forms
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    1. met in Philadelphia at the State House
    2. opened 11 days later than was originally planned
    3. all states were represented except Rhode Island
    4. 55 delegates attended
    5. Wasshington was selected as a presiding officer
  • Land Ordinance of 1787

    Land Ordinance of 1787
    1. adopted for the government of Confederation for the government of the Western territories ceded to the US by the states
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    1. whiskey rebels attacked and destoryed a tax inspector's house in response to the tax on whiskey