American Revolution

  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    French and British conflict.
    They were both very different.
    French built Fort Duquesne in the region of Ohio River Valley.
    Virginia governor sent military group to expel or remove them from that part of the land.
    - British owned that part of land.
  • Writ of Assistance

    Writ of Assistance
    The royal governor of Massachusetts authorized the use of Writ of Assisstance.
    The British came down on colonial smuggling to make sure that merchants weren't doing business in any French held territory.
    They got a general search warant which allowed them to look inside the ships to make sure the good weren't being smuggled.
    The merchants of Boston were outraged.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    British surprise attack the French in Quebec.
    Great Britian claimed Canada and virtually all of North America and East of Mississipi river.
    British also got Florida from Spain.
    The treaty allowed Spain to keep possessions from France.
  • Proclamation

    Proclamation
    To avoid further costly conflicts with Native Americans, the British prohibited colonists from settling in West of Appalachian.
    Proclamation line across the Appalatians.
    Colonists could not cross that line.
  • Sugar Act and colonists response

    Sugar Act and colonists response
    It halved the duty on foriegn-made molasses.
    Placed duties on certain imports that had not been taxed before.
    Colonists accused of violating act would be tried in a vice-admiralty court.
    The punishment is decided by one judge instead of a whole group.
  • Stamp Act and colonists response

    Stamp Act and colonists response
    Parliament passed the stamp act .
    This act put a tax on documents and printed items.
    Wills, newspapers, and playing cards.
    A stamp will be placed on it to prove that tax has been paid.
    The colonists united to go against the law.
    Artisans, and laborers organized a secret group called the Sons of Liberty.
  • Declaration Act

    Declaration Act
    Same day as the stamp act was repealed.
    Parliament passed the declaration act.
    It asserted parliament's full right “to bind the colonies and
    people of America in all cases whatsoever.”
  • Sons of Liberty is formed and Samuel Adams

    Sons of Liberty is formed and Samuel Adams
    With the help of men such as Samuel Adams, he led the colonists to boycotting the British goods. Samuel Adams was one of the founders of the Sons of Liberty.
  • Townshend Acts and colonists response

    Townshend Acts and colonists response
    Named after Charles Townshend, leading government minister.
    Taxed goods that were imported to the colony from Britian.
    Lead, glass, paint, paper.
    It also imposed tax on tea.
    It was probably repealed after because tea is very popular drink over there so the colonist got angry.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    A mob gathered infront of the Boston customs house and taunted the British soldiers standing gaurd.
    The gaurds shot in the mob and killed or mortally wounded five colonists.
    Crispus Attucks was one of those people.
  • John Locke's Social Contract

    John Locke's Social Contract
    "Every society is based on social contract"
    An agreement where they choose government and obey it as long as they have their rights.
    They can overthrow the government if rights are intefered.
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    Lord North devised it to save nearly bankrupt British East In dia Company.
    They sold tea without taxes to the colonists but the sellers had to pay.
    American colonists protested.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Group of Boston rebels disguised as Native Americans got onto the ship.
    They dumped 18,000 pounds of tea into the Boston harbor.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    Parliament responded King George III by those acts.
    One law shut down Boston harbor.
    Quartering act, authorize commanders to give soldiers vacant homes.
    General Thomas Gage became governor of Massachusttes, he put military rules on them.
  • First Continental Congress meets

    First Continental Congress meets
    It was formed in response to Britians actions.
    Delegates met in Philadelphia and wrote a declaration of colonial rights.
    The colonies had a right to fight back against British.
  • Minutemen

    Minutemen
    Civilian soldiers who were ready to fight British on a minute's notice.
    They had secret weapons.
    They fought in battle of Lexington which lasted 15 min.
  • Midnight Riders

    Midnight Riders
    Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott rode in the dark night to spread the word about 700 British troops headed to Concord.
  • Battle of Lexington

    Battle of Lexington
    There were 70 minutemen ready to fight on the village green.
    When the colonists didn't listen to the British commander, soldiers shot 8 minutemen and killed them.
    10 were wounded.
    It ended in 15 minutes.
  • Battle of Concord

    Battle of Concord
    The British lined up to march back to Boston.
    It became a slaughter because 3,000 - 4,000 minutemen had assembled.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    It was in Philadelphia.
    Some wanted independence and some wanted reconciliation with Britian.
    Congress appointed George Washington commander.
  • Continental Army

    Continental Army
    Congress recognized the colonial militia as the continental army.
    Appointed George Washington as its commander.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Battle of Bunker Hill
    Gage sent 2,400 British soldiers up the hill.
    Colonists held their fire untill they started "mowing" them down.
    When smoke cleared up colonists had lost 450 men, and British had about 1,000 csualties.
  • Olive Branch Petition

    Olive Branch Petition
    Congress sent it to the king.
    They wanted to return to the "former harmony" between Britian and the colonies.
    He rejected and put out a naval blockade to isolate the ships meant for American coast.
  • Loyalists and Patriots

    Loyalists and Patriots
    LOYALISTS: people who didn't want independence and remained loyal to the King. They didn't want to be punished if British won.
    PATRIOTS: they supported independence.
    Many Americans remained neutral.
  • Publication of Common Sense

    Publication of Common Sense
    50- page of pamphlet.
    He attacked King George and Monarchy.
    Sold 500,000 copies.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Virginia lawyer, Thomas Jefferson was to write the final draft.
    Life, Liberty, and persuit Happiness, government can't interfere with rights.
    Independence from Britian.
  • Redcoats push Washington's army across the Delaware River into Pennsylvania

    Redcoats push Washington's army across the Delaware River into Pennsylvania
    They pushed them back because they had poor reinforcements.
    They tried to defend New York.
  • Washington's Christmas night surprise attack

    Washington's Christmas night surprise attack
    They really wnted an early victory.
    They went across Delaware.
    And defeated garrison of Hessians in a surprise attack.
  • Saratoga

    Saratoga
    He was fighting the wrong people.
    Burgoyne realized that British officers weren't coming.
    The Americans surrounded him and he finally surrendered.
  • French - American Alliance

    French - American Alliance
    French thought that America had a greater chance of winning so they made alliance.
    France openly joined America in fights.
  • Valley Forge

    Valley Forge
    They were low on food, water, and supplies.
    They fought to stay alive.
    2,000 soldiers died.
  • Friedrich von Steuben and Marquis de Lafayette

    Friedrich von Steuben and Marquis de Lafayette
    Friedrich von Steuben helped to train continental army.
    Marquis de Lafayette lobbied French for reinforcement. He also led a command in Virginia in battles.
  • British victories in the South

    British victories in the South
    They took Savannah and Georgia.
    British captures Charles Town.
  • British surrender at Yorktown

    British surrender at Yorktown
    France and America surrounded them and bombarded them.
    After less then a month they surrendered.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The American neggotiation team had; John Adams, John Jay, and Benjamin Franklin.
    They signed the treaty assuring America its independence.