French and Indian WarFrench and British conflict.
They were both very different.
French built Fort Duquesne in the region of Ohio River Valley.
Virginia governor sent military group to expel or remove them from that part of the land.
- British owned that part of land.
Writ of AssistanceThe royal governor of Massachusetts authorized the use of Writ of Assisstance.
The British came down on colonial smuggling to make sure that merchants weren't doing business in any French held territory.
They got a general search warant which allowed them to look inside the ships to make sure the good weren't being smuggled.
The merchants of Boston were outraged.
Treaty of ParisBritish surprise attack the French in Quebec.
Great Britian claimed Canada and virtually all of North America and East of Mississipi river.
British also got Florida from Spain.
The treaty allowed Spain to keep possessions from France.
ProclamationTo avoid further costly conflicts with Native Americans, the British prohibited colonists from settling in West of Appalachian.
Proclamation line across the Appalatians.
Colonists could not cross that line.
Sugar Act and colonists responseIt halved the duty on foriegn-made molasses.
Placed duties on certain imports that had not been taxed before.
Colonists accused of violating act would be tried in a vice-admiralty court.
The punishment is decided by one judge instead of a whole group.
Stamp Act and colonists responseParliament passed the stamp act .
This act put a tax on documents and printed items.
Wills, newspapers, and playing cards.
A stamp will be placed on it to prove that tax has been paid.
The colonists united to go against the law.
Artisans, and laborers organized a secret group called the Sons of Liberty.
Declaration ActSame day as the stamp act was repealed.
Parliament passed the declaration act.
It asserted parliament's full right “to bind the colonies and
people of America in all cases whatsoever.”
Sons of Liberty is formed and Samuel AdamsWith the help of men such as Samuel Adams, he led the colonists to boycotting the British goods. Samuel Adams was one of the founders of the Sons of Liberty.
Townshend Acts and colonists responseNamed after Charles Townshend, leading government minister.
Taxed goods that were imported to the colony from Britian.
Lead, glass, paint, paper.
It also imposed tax on tea.
It was probably repealed after because tea is very popular drink over there so the colonist got angry.
Boston MassacreA mob gathered infront of the Boston customs house and taunted the British soldiers standing gaurd.
The gaurds shot in the mob and killed or mortally wounded five colonists.
Crispus Attucks was one of those people.
John Locke's Social Contract"Every society is based on social contract"
An agreement where they choose government and obey it as long as they have their rights.
They can overthrow the government if rights are intefered.
Boston Tea PartyGroup of Boston rebels disguised as Native Americans got onto the ship.
They dumped 18,000 pounds of tea into the Boston harbor.
Tea ActLord North devised it to save nearly bankrupt British East In dia Company.
They sold tea without taxes to the colonists but the sellers had to pay.
American colonists protested.
Intolerable ActsParliament responded King George III by those acts.
One law shut down Boston harbor.
Quartering act, authorize commanders to give soldiers vacant homes.
General Thomas Gage became governor of Massachusttes, he put military rules on them.
First Continental Congress meetsIt was formed in response to Britians actions.
Delegates met in Philadelphia and wrote a declaration of colonial rights.
The colonies had a right to fight back against British.
MinutemenCivilian soldiers who were ready to fight British on a minute's notice.
They had secret weapons.
They fought in battle of Lexington which lasted 15 min.
Midnight RidersPaul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott rode in the dark night to spread the word about 700 British troops headed to Concord.
Battle of LexingtonThere were 70 minutemen ready to fight on the village green.
When the colonists didn't listen to the British commander, soldiers shot 8 minutemen and killed them.
10 were wounded.
It ended in 15 minutes.
Battle of ConcordThe British lined up to march back to Boston.
It became a slaughter because 3,000 - 4,000 minutemen had assembled.
Second Continental CongressIt was in Philadelphia.
Some wanted independence and some wanted reconciliation with Britian.
Congress appointed George Washington commander.
Continental ArmyCongress recognized the colonial militia as the continental army.
Appointed George Washington as its commander.
Battle of Bunker HillGage sent 2,400 British soldiers up the hill.
Colonists held their fire untill they started "mowing" them down.
When smoke cleared up colonists had lost 450 men, and British had about 1,000 csualties.
Olive Branch PetitionCongress sent it to the king.
They wanted to return to the "former harmony" between Britian and the colonies.
He rejected and put out a naval blockade to isolate the ships meant for American coast.
Loyalists and PatriotsLOYALISTS: people who didn't want independence and remained loyal to the King. They didn't want to be punished if British won.
PATRIOTS: they supported independence.
Many Americans remained neutral.
Publication of Common Sense50- page of pamphlet.
He attacked King George and Monarchy.
Sold 500,000 copies.
Declaration of IndependenceVirginia lawyer, Thomas Jefferson was to write the final draft.
Life, Liberty, and persuit Happiness, government can't interfere with rights.
Independence from Britian.
Redcoats push Washington's army across the Delaware River into PennsylvaniaThey pushed them back because they had poor reinforcements.
They tried to defend New York.
Washington's Christmas night surprise attackThey really wnted an early victory.
They went across Delaware.
And defeated garrison of Hessians in a surprise attack.
SaratogaHe was fighting the wrong people.
Burgoyne realized that British officers weren't coming.
The Americans surrounded him and he finally surrendered.
French - American AllianceFrench thought that America had a greater chance of winning so they made alliance.
France openly joined America in fights.
Valley ForgeThey were low on food, water, and supplies.
They fought to stay alive.
2,000 soldiers died.
Friedrich von Steuben and Marquis de LafayetteFriedrich von Steuben helped to train continental army.
Marquis de Lafayette lobbied French for reinforcement. He also led a command in Virginia in battles.
British victories in the SouthThey took Savannah and Georgia.
British captures Charles Town.
British surrender at YorktownFrance and America surrounded them and bombarded them.
After less then a month they surrendered.
Treaty of ParisThe American neggotiation team had; John Adams, John Jay, and Benjamin Franklin.
They signed the treaty assuring America its independence.