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Josh Duke Project

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    Josh Duke Project

  • The Pilgrims Journey

    The Pilgrims Journey
    The Pilrims left England of September 6, 1620 in order to find a new, better life. They were met with many unfortunate events from the start of their journey. From te start they were set up to fail. Their smaller ship, that was going to be used for fishing in the New World, leaked twice and they had to return to England both times. This proved to be a costly setback. Now the Pilgrims were set to arrive in the dead of the winter. Also, on the ride, they were met with a group of severe storms. B
  • The Pilgrims Arrival

    The Pilgrims Arrival
    After two months at sea the Pilrims had reached land in the New World. The land they had first reached was not ideal for survival, so they continued their search. A few days later they reached the perfect spot for settling, Plymouth. The first thing the Pilgrims did was pray. They got on their knees as soon as they touched land, and prayed to God. The settling could now start.
  • The Puritans' Arrival in the New World (cont.)

    The Puritans' Arrival in the New World (cont.)
    The Puritans made a great impact in the New World. They wrote historical/factual documents, poetry, and sermons. However, they did not write fiction or drama because they were considered sinful. They also centered their topics on self reflection, the glorification of God, and sin and redemption. This shows that the Puritans' writing style is best described as plain. They valued clarity of content over a clever style. (cont.)
  • The Puritans Arrival in the New World (cont.)

    They believed in predistination (Calvinism) and original sin, therefore they were religious. They felt that they woulkd only accomplish good only through continual hard work and self-discipline
  • Of Plymouth Plantation

    Of Plymouth Plantation
    Of Plymouth Plantation was written by William Bradford. Bradford was a Separatists leader in the Plymouth Colony. He was born in the United Kingdom, but he migrated to the New World with the other Separatists. Bradford was even part of the group that signed the Mayflower Compact.
    Of Plymouth Plantation was written during the Pilgrims migration to the New World, but it was not published until June of 1897.
  • Anne Bradstreet's "Upon the Burning of Our House" (cont.)

    Anne Bradstreet's "Upon the Burning of Our House" (cont.)
    Anne Bradstreet was born in the United Kingdom but migrated with a Puritan group to the New World. She was the first female writer in the North American colonies to be published. She set the benchmark for female writers to come.
    One of her better known poems is titled "Upon the Burning of Our House." The message Bradstreet is trying to portray is that we are oblivious to what we have until it is taken away. We take advantage of what God gives us and do not thank him. (cont.)
  • Anne Bradstreet's "Upon the Burning of Our House"

    The burning house is suppose to represent the devil taking away what God has given us. Bradstreet is trying to show that we need to follow God more and to not forgot that everything that we have, can simply be taken away.
  • Wonders of the Invisible World

    Wonders of the Invisible World
    Cotton Mather was born in Boston, Massachusetts. He lived a life of sorrow. He married three times and his first two wives died while his third went insane. He also had fifteen children but only six made it to early adulthood. This possibly could be the reason he wrote the Wonders of the Invisble World. Wonders of the Invisible World was written in support of the Salem Witch Trials. He believed that this they were a way to secure God's blessings.
  • Wonders of the Invisible World (cont.)

    He expressed this idea in Wonders of the Invisible World. It was rejected by some of the public while othere enbrcaed it. It mostly deoended on your beliefs.
  • Colonialism

    Colonialism
    American literature during this time period was mostly political. and it came in the form of pamphlets, speeches, and newspapers/almanacs. The topics of their literature centered on politics: relations with Great Britain and the nature of government. Americans were still not writing and fiction or drama. The style is described as persuasive. Most of what was eventually produced was public writing. The eighteent century is characterized as the Age of Reason because logical reasoning was the major
  • Colonialism (cont.)

    technique used by the writers of this period. Writing offered sound, clear arguments in support of the causes. Personal writing also showed the reasoning process. The Colonists believed that people are by nature good, not evil. They also beieved in free will, which is the opposite of predestination.
  • Edward Taylor's "Upon a Spider Catching a Fly"

    Edward Taylor's "Upon a Spider Catching a Fly"
    Edward Taylor was a man a many lives. He lived a life of many by beeing a teacher, physician, pastor, and a poet. However, he did not start writing poetry until his later years. This proved to be a very well thought out move, because now he is practically only known for his famous pieces of poetry. One of Edward's more famous pieces is called "Upon a Spider Catching a Fly." He personifies three things in it, a fly, a spider, and it's web. The web is supposed to represent the pitfalls of evil,
  • Edward Taylor's "Upon a Spider Catching a Fly"

    while the spider is supposed to represent the devil and the fly is supposed to represent the innocent persons who fall to evil. Taylor grew up in a very religious period that was starting to notice more evil happening in the world. Therefore, he wrote this poem to best simbilize the things that were occuring in the world.
  • Jonathan Edwards' "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"

    Jonathan Edwards' "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"
    Jonathan Edwards was a preacher, philosopher, and protestant. He was born in Connecticut but eventually moved to New Jersey He was also very verbal with his ideas of evreybody being corrupt and evil. Therefore, he created a sermon expressing his ideas. This sermon is titled, "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God." It represents the human race at the mercy of God, who will not give you a fvree pass to the afterlife.
  • Jonathan Edwards' "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"(cont.)

    He stresses the fact that what you do in life is greatly influenced on how you get in the afterlife. Edwards' believes that people are born corrupt, it's just in our nature. That is what "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" represents.
  • Benjamin Franklin

    Benjamin Franklin
    Benjamin Franklin was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He was an author, politician scientist, inventor, and activist. He was a major figure in just about anything he was a part of. He served in the Second Continental Congress and even helped form the Declaration of Independence. The speech of Polly Baker takes place in a court case. Polly Baker is accused of having a devil child for the fourth time. She strongly sticks up for herself and disagrees with the accusations.
  • Benjamin Franklin (cont.)

    Franklin also sticks up for her arguring that the charges are too extreme. Also he had another famous piece called the "Dialogue with the Gout." This piece refelects a time when he had the gout. He tries to personify the illness and ask why it has taken him and not someone else.
  • The Royal Proclamation

    The Royal Proclamation
    The Royal Proclamtion was issued after the French and Indian War by King George III. It was issued to forbid any settlement west of a line drawn on the Appalachian Mountains. This land was reserved for the Native Americans. The Proclamation also forced any French settlers out of the area. The Colonists did not agree with King George III's decision. They felt that since the helped the British win the Seven Years War that they deserved that land.
  • The Stamp Act

    The Stamp Act
    The Stamp Act was an act to restrict the colonists even more than they already were. The Stamp Act put a tax on what most people thought were essentials during that time. It called for a tax on any printed paper that was bought, such as newspapers and playing cards. This angered the colonists because Great Britain did not ask for their opinions on the matter. They passed it, thinking no one would notice, and tried to make a quick buck.
  • The Townshend Acts

    The Townshend Acts
    The Towshend Acts were a series of acts passed by the govenerment of Britain to further impose on the English settlers. The Townshend Acts consisted of madatory quatering of troops, taxation of tea, the Revenue Act, and the New York Restraining Act. In response to these acts, the colonists boycotted British goods. However, this hurt them as well as the British. Half of their products were imports so without them they started to lose money.
  • The Boston Massacre

    The Boston Massacre
    Due to all the taxes the British were imposing on the colonists, tensions were very high. When you combine an angry mob with a group of British troops you are practically setting up for a disaster. It started with crowds throwing rock filled snowballs at the troops but eventually led to an all out brawl. The coloinists then bagan to taunt the troops and threatening them. Then, after about an hour, one British troop fired and then they all fired.
  • The Boston Massacre (cont.)

    The first man killed was Crispus Attucks, an African- American. Then the dead started to add up. When it was all said and done, six colonists were injured while five were killed. The British troops that were involved got away with no jail time.
  • The Tea Act

    The Tea Act
    The Tea Act was just another attempt to get the British out of their overwhelming debt. The East India Tea Company was drowning in debt and they needed more income. Seeing the easy way, the just taxed the colonists more. Of course, the colonists didn't like the idea so they rebelled. They would buy Dutch tea because they didn't want the British to have their money. They even went to the extent of boarding a tea ship and dumping all the product into Boston harbor.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    The Boston Tea Party took place in response to the Tea Act imposed on the colonists by the British government. A rebel group called The Sons of Liberty organized a way to get the British back for all their taxations. They all dressed up as Mohawk Indians and stormed a tea ship in the Boston Harbor. They intended to destroy the ship and it's products, which they accomplished. They dumped the tea into the harbor and set the ship on fire hoping it would send a final message to Britain.
  • The Intolerable Acts

    The Intolerable Acts
    The Intolerable Acts were four weak acts passed only to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party. They consisted of the Boston Port Act, Massachusetts Government Act, Administration of Justice Act, and the Quebec Act. The one that hurt the colonists the most was the Quebec Act. This gave Canada land rich in resources that the colonists needed. This angered the colonists because they knew it was only to get back at them.
  • Patrick Henry's "Speech in the Virginia Convention"

    Patrick Henry's "Speech in the Virginia Convention"
    Patrick Henry was a famous politician. He served in the House of Burgesses. He also was a lawyer before his full on political life. All of his accomplishments eventually led to being the governor of Virginia. The Virginia Convention was a group of politicians that got together to discuss the issues in america. This is where Henry delivered one of his most famous speeches. After a long debate over current issues, Henry broke out the famous expression of, "Give me liberty or give me death."
  • Patrick Henry's "Speech in the Virginia Convention" (cont.)

    This was suggesting that he would rather die than have liberty taken away from him.
  • Paul Revere's Ride

    Paul Revere's Ride
    Paul Revere was an American silversmithand a patriot during the American Revolution. On April 18th, 1775 he was sent out by Dr. Joseph Warren to Lexington to warn Samuel Adams and John Hancock that British troops were on their way to them. He had to borrow a horse, black beauty, from a friend in Charlestown. He was also instructed to warn every village and town he came across on the way there.
  • Paul Revere's Ride (cont.)

    By the time Revere had reached Lexington it was already midnight and on his way back he ran in to some trouble. He and the other two riders (William Dawes and Sam Prescott) were stopped by British troops and arrested. Dawes and Prescott soon escaped but Revere was held for a while.
  • Lexington and Concord Battles

    Lexington and Concord Battles
    The battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military battles of the Revolutionary War. Both battles consisted of colonial minutemen and experienced British troops. Due to Paul Revere's warning ride, the colonists were ready. The first of the two took place in Lexington, Massachusetts. This is where the minutemen realized they were extremely outnumbered. It ended with the minutemen surrendering and the British advancing. Now they were on their way to Concord.
  • Battles of Lexington and Concord (Cont.)

    They were in search of a secret arms stash left by the colonists. When they got to Concord they found no arms and a significant amount of minutemen. This time the British would have to retreat because they were overpowered. They retreated all the way back to Lexington and the minutemen followed them the whole way.
  • The Battle of Bunker Hill

    The Battle of Bunker Hill
    The Battle of Bunker Hill took place in Massachusetts. It was an ambush attack on the British by the Americans. The Battle of Bunker Hill proved to be a sort of turning point for the Revolutionary War. Even though the Americans lost, they were still able to put a huge dent in the British army. They recorded a massive amount of British fatalities which weakened them substantially.
  • Thomas Jefferson's The Declaration of Independence

    Thomas Jefferson's The Declaration of Independence
    Thomas Jefferson was born in Pennsylvania. He was the third president of the newly remodeled United States. This was only a blimp on the radar compared to what he was a part of. He is better known for his involvement in the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Independence was the setting stone for our modern government. It set us free from British power, eventually. It is made up of the Bill of Right, which is still referred to today. and it also emphasizes the wrong-doings of KG3.
  • Thomas Paine's "The Crisis"

    Thomas Paine's "The Crisis"
    Thomas Paine, like Benjamin Frankiln, is known as one of our Founding Fathers. He was born in the United Kingdom but he migrated to the United States, New York specifically. He was a well known writer and is famour for his documents "Common Sense" and "The Crisis." The Crisis was written to boost military spirits. Patrick Henry stressex the fact that they needed to come together as one and fight. In order to get freedom, the would have to put up a fight.
  • The Battle of Saratoga

    The Battle of Saratoga
    The Battle of Saratoga was another turning point in the Revolutionary War. It was very important because it conviced the French to give the Americans military support. In turn, this caused the American's moral to be boosted because now they had a dominant power with them in the fight. The AMericans were led by Benedict Arnold and the British by John Burgoyne.
  • The End of the Revolution

    The End of the Revolution
    The end of the revolution came when General Cornwallis was forced to surreder in Yorktown. Although, the end was not due to surrendering it was due to the Treaty of Paris. American forces had pushed the British to the coast and had them trapped. Then, to make matters worse for the British, the French had also blockaded them from the sea. They had warships off the coast of Yorktown making Cornwallis's surrender inevitable. That was the unofficial to the Revoltionary War.
  • The End of the Revolution (cont.)

    The official end to the Revoultion came two years later, when the Treaty of Paris was signed. This gave the American's their land and forced the British out.