Road to Civil War

  • Ordinance of 1787 (Political)

    Ordinance of 1787 (Political)
    Created the first organized territory in the US on the new western frontier by allowing the admission of sovereign free states and replaced the Northwest Ordinances of 1784 and 1785.
  • Missouri Comprimise ( Political)

    Missouri Comprimise ( Political)
    Resolved tensions concerning whether new states would be admitted as free or slave states by drawing a line at the southern border of Mississippi to divide potential free land from potential slave land.
  • Nat Turner Rebellion (Social)

    Nat Turner Rebellion (Social)
    Nat Turner leads a slave revolt in Southhampton Country, Virginia where they go door to door and kill white families. Militia and local whites crushed this rebellion leading to the execution of all African Americans involved
  • Gag Rule (Political)

    Gag Rule (Political)
    Resolution that prevented the discussion of Slavery or abolitionist petitions in Congress that lasted from 1836-1840 until it was repealed due to resistance led by Adams.
  • Mexican War (Political)

    Mexican War (Political)
    A conflict where Mexican troops attacked US troops led by General Taylor who were occupying disputed territory. The war was caused by territorial disputes over whether the border was the Rio Grande or the Nueces River and the Annexation of Texas. Resulted in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo which Mexico gave the US immense western land for 15 million.
  • Annexation of Texas (Political)

    Annexation of Texas (Political)
    Americans emigrated to the Mexican territory of Texas and won their independence from Mexico. After much contention, Texas was admitted to the United States as a slave state.
  • Wilmot Proviso (Political)

    Wilmot Proviso (Political)
    Unsucessful attempt to prevent the spread of Slavery from Massachusettus Senator by banning slavery in the new territory acquired from the Mexican-American war.
  • Californian Gold Rush (Political)

    Californian Gold Rush (Political)
    Gold is discovered in the foothills of California, prompting the migration of many to California. This population contributes to sectional tensions as it was soon great enough for statehood as it wanted to be a free state.
  • Compromise of 1850 (Political)

    Compromise of 1850 (Political)
    Attempt by Henry Clay to settle sectional tensions. It admitted California to the Union as a free state, allowed New Mexico and Utah to choose to be free or slave states, defined Texas boundaries, banned Slavery in DC and stregthend the Fuguitive Slave Laws
  • Fugitive Slave Act (Political)

    Fugitive Slave Act (Political)
    Required that fugitive slaves in free teritories to be returned to their southern owners and put the federal government in charge of slave hunting and return.
  • Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin (Social)

    Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin (Social)
    Novel writen by Harriet Beecher Stowe about the life of a kind saint-like slave that recieved backlash from southerners and encorugaed northerns to fight agaisnt slavery.
  • Kansas Nebraska Act Ratified (Political)

    Kansas Nebraska Act Ratified (Political)
    Bill that split territory into 2 states( Nebraska and Kansas). This act repealed the Missouri Comprimise and allowing citizens of each state to vote on their slavery status. Led to violent tensions as Missourians moved to these territories to influence the decisions causing violence between the opposing viewpoints known as Bleeding Kansas.
  • Ostend Manifesto (Politcal)

    Ostend Manifesto (Politcal)
    Document from three US diplomats to Secretary of State Marcy suggesting the United States seize Spanish Cuba after they refused to sell it to the United States. Involved sectional tensions because if seized Cuba would likely be a slave territory.
  • Dred Scott Decision (Political)

    Dred Scott Decision (Political)
    Slave Dred Scott sued in 1847 for his freedom after his master died while he was in a free state and ownership of Scott was transfered to his masters brother Sanford. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of Sanford establshing that slaves were not citiczesn and the Missouri Comprimise was unconstitutional.
  • John Brown and Harper's Ferry (Social)

    John Brown and Harper's Ferry (Social)
    Abolitionist John Brown led a group to attack the federal armory and arsenal in order to arm slaves for a revolt. Failed and Colonel Robert E. Lee led Marines to crush revolt and John Brown was hung on the accounts of treason.