The French and Indian War1763-1754
Both the French and the British wanted to extend their “spheres of influence” in the frontier regions.
During and after this war, the British began to grow huge financial trouble, mainly because of the French and Indian war and in turn began to tax the colonists to try and remove this debt.
The colonists thought this was unfair and began rebelling.
The writ of assistance1: The writ of assistance took place in 1761-1767.
2: to force the colonists to assist the british army and gave the british army permission to conduct unauthorized searches of the colonists houses and properties.
3: The writ of assistance angered the colonists and they felt it violated their rights.
4: they strongly disliked the acts and then refused to acknowledge them.
Sugar Act:The Sugar Act took place in 1764. It took place in hopes to raise money, stop smuggling, and export and import all things as needed. This affected the colonists by helping them be able to ship certain things but also made it much more difficult because they had to fill out long, complicated forms to legalize their shipments. If even one little thing was left out, the cargo on the ship would be seized. The colonists reacted with a pleased manner. They thought it showed a symbol of Parliament tryi
Stamp Act:The Stamp Act took place in 1765. It took place in hopes to raise taxes to regain money they lost during the Sugar Act, as well as make people buy special watermarked paper for newspaper and all legal documents. This affected the colonists by making them extremely angry. They believed that they should not be taxed without representation from Parliament.
Quartering Act1765 and 1774
1765- The British would house their soldiers in American barracks and public houses
1774- Now the governors would be able to house soldiers in other buildings such as barns. They would also have to provide food to soldiers
Boston Massacre:The Boston Massacre occurred on March 5, 1770. It occurred because of conflict resulting in the death of a small German boy. This affected the colonists because the massacre resulted in five deaths, scaring and displeasing the colonists. They reacted with even more fear toward the British.
Tea ActMay 19, 1773
The parliament passed the Tea Act to get tea from the British East India Company to the American colonies cheaper
The colonists got “their tea” cheaper
The colonists believed that the British were trying to dupe them into paying the much hated taxes
The committees of correspondence1:1773
2:They were organized to share information between two political powers.
3:The colonies were drawn closer together due to the acts.
4:The colonies were a stronger force when drawn together.
Boston Tea PartyDecember 16, 1773
The colonists did not like the Tea Act in place, and decided to do something about it
This was the first real damaging attack on the British by the American Colonists
The colonists were finally beginning to damage the British.
Quebec act1:22 June 1774
2: It was developed to expand the British territory.
3: English speaking immigrants objected to the act saying it violated their rights.
4: the british
New England Restraining act1:March 30 1775
2:Were made in response to the unrest in massachusetts to try and control the colonists.
3: The act angered the colonists because it could destroy their economy.
4: It helped spark the New England Restraining act
Restraining Act1:April 1775
2: the same act as the New England act just cast onto the colonies of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Virginia, Maryland and South Carolina.
3: It angered all of the 13 colonies because it affected all of them.
4: Helped push the colonists to revolt.
The Battle of Lexington and ConcordApril 19 1775
The British dispatched troops to seize military weapons stored in Concord, Massachusetts
The British defeated the colonists in Concord and moved on to Lexington
The battle was won in Lexington and this victory encouraged the colonists to redouble their efforts
second continental congress1:summer 1775
2: For the 13 colonies leaders to speak in conference.
3: It brought the colonists closer together.
4: The Colonies became a stronger, more coordinated force.
Battle of Bunker HillJune 1775
Another battle between the Americans and British
The British eventually emerged victorious, but suffered casualties of 1000
The Colonists were encouraged further
Albany Plan of UnionJune 1754
Under this plan each colonial legislature would elect delegates to an American continental assembly presided over by a royal governor
Olive Branch Petition1:july 1775
2: A last attempt to avoid a war between the british and the colonies.
3:The colonists felt it was a lost cause and when the king rejected it the colonies went to war.
4: The Revolutionary war began.
COMMON SENSE (Thomas Paine)1:Common sense took place between 1775-1776
2:To inspire the thirteen colonies to fight back against the british.
3: It inspired the colonists to rally against the british.
4: The colonists agreed with the pamphlet and found it very inspiring.
battle of quebec 17751: the battle of quebec took place on december 31, 1775
2: The battle of Quebec took place for the americans to try and take the british stronghold to try to get the canadians to rally with the americans against the British.
3: It deterred the americans but they kept on fighting.
4: The colonists lost some great leaders and some good men but they were angerd by their loss and started fighting harder.
Proclamation of 17631763
The British passed the proclamation to close off all lands west of the heads of all rivers which flowed into the Atlantic Ocean from the west or northwest from the colonists
The British did this to calm the fears of native americans living there, as they thought the colonists would push them off their lands.
The colonists were celebrating their ability to go on the land that was lost by the french, but that celebration was greatly decreased because of the “lost” of land.
The Declaration of IndependenceJuly 4 1776
The final “straw” in America’s independence from Great Britain
The British lost their hold on the colonies in America
The Colonists were FREEEEEEEE!
Townshend Acts:The Townshend Acts were passed in 1767. The Townshend Acts placed small duties on all imported glass, paper, lead, paint, and tea. This affected the colonists by once again, making life much harder. They reacted by smuggling imports in, not afraid to protest.
Policy of non-importation1: April 18, 1806
2: Put in effect to stop buying certain British goods to try and coerce Great Britain.
3: The colonists were not affected due to the fact that it was not implemented.
4: The act was replaced with the embargo act of 1807.