Relations with indigenous people

  • One tea farm

  • Unis in Bombay, Madras, Calcutta

    Elite schools such as Rajkumar College, Mayo College, Bombay's Cathedral School
    Produce "westernised Oriental Gentlemen" - racistly abbreviated to WOGs
  • Period: to

    Around 60,000 Indians entered uni

    Overwhelmingly in Arts
    Some 2000 in law
  • Period: to

    Graduates of 3 unis accounted for approx 1100 appointments to gov service

  • Period: to

    1712 students from Calcutta graduated

    A third entered government service
    Slightly more went into legal profession
  • Battle of Gwalior

    Reasserted British control
  • India passed into direct rule of the Crown

    Railways - geared to needs and control of trade
    Markets for agricultural produce - encouraged high value cash crops (rice and wheat) at cost of lower value grains - dependent on food imports, consumption per head declined
    Irrigation + land improvement - only 6% of land
    Cheap British manufacturers - unable to develop their own viable industries
    Schools and unis - only the elite
    Jobs - minority could obtain, physically demanding + racially segregated
    Poverty - famine and death rates high
  • Period: to

    Viceroy Canning exhaustive tour to win back people dispossessed or alienated by British rule

    Some lands and titles returned to Indians
    Stars of India medal introduced
    Positions in Indian Imperial Assembly or Statutory Civil Service shared amongst Indian nobility
    More educational institutes + teaching in English
  • Period: to

    Mary Carpenter visited India 4 times

    Helped establish corps of British teachers in India
    Girls school in Bombay and Ahmedabad
    College to train female Indian teachers
  • Discovery of Diamonds in West Griqualand

  • British annexed Basutoland

    Claimed that indigenous Africans wanted protection against Boers
  • 295 tea farms

  • British took West Griqualand

    Annexation of 2000 Griqua people
  • Formation of East Griqualand

    Griqua people trekked eastwards to escape British rule
  • East Griqualand annexed by British

  • British proposed federation

    Boers rejected
  • Xhosa War

    British disarmed neighbouring communities
    Annexed them to the Cape
    Boers maintained independence in East Transvaal - were less successful with Pedi people
    Boers reluctantly accepted British aid
  • British invasion of Zululand

    British defeated at Isandlwana - retreat
    Reinforcements sent
    British army defeated Zulus at Ulundi
    Town burnt to the ground
    Zululand incorporated into Natal
  • Boers declared independence

  • British failure at Majuba Hill

    150 Britons killed
  • Convention of Pretoria

    Recognised Boer self-government in Transvaal
    British still had right over external affairs
  • Egypt under control of British

  • Germans in south west Africa

    Raised British fears that Boers might form alliance with Germans
  • British annexed Bechuanaland

    Territory between German SW Africa and Transvaal
    Strategic attempt to prevent joining of German and Boer colonies
  • Gold discovered at Witwatersrand

    Sought by trading companies
    Bough about Uitlanders - non Boers who moved to area
  • Cecil Rhodes gains charter for company

    Wanted to create continuous British route from Cape to Egypt
  • Rhodes established fort in Salisbury, Mashonaland

    Home to Shona people
    Forced another area under British control