Rákóczi's War of Independence

By bogib
  • General discontent

    General discontent
    The abolishment of the right to freely elect a king and the right to resist, the absolutism Commission of Neoacquistion, the tax hike, the forceful counter- reformation and lastly the blown-up fortresses and Hungarian dismissed soldiers all resulted in general dissatisfaction. This discontent also played part in the outbreak of the revolt.
  • Uprisings before the revolt 1697, 1703

    Uprisings before the revolt 1697, 1703
    An uprising in Tokaj-hegyalja in 1697, where Bercsényi and Leopold I were included. In 1703 the Kuruc forces started an other uprising in Tiszahát, and Rákóczi was their leader.
  • National support for the national insurrection

    National support for the national insurrection
    The Patent of Vetés included a promise of tax exemption for the serfs who fought in the war.
    The Patent of Gyula included the prohibition of the loot of mansions.
    With these, they tried to maintain the support of the nation, and the people.
  • National insurrection

    National insurrection
    Besides national support, Louis XIV maintained the country financially supported. They also organized the KURUC army, with light cavalry, light infantry, and weak artillery. They had a hit-and-run tactic that didn't seem promising in sieges and open battles. Bercsényi, Károlyi, and Bottyán played an active role in the organization and insurrection.
  • Sucesses

    From 1703 to 1705 the Kuruc army had a streak of successes, including the East of the Tisza, Upper Hungary, Transylvania (which became the prince), the territories between the Danube and the Tisza, and Transdanubia. In spite of these achievements, in open battles, they didn't achieve anything. Moreover, important centers such as Buda remained intact.
  • Höchstädt (defeat)

    Höchstädt (defeat)
    Despite the successes, several defeats happened. Firstly in Höchstädt in 1704 the french and Kuruc army was defeated by the imperial troops. After the battle, the course of the war turned, and the fighting shifted to the land of France.
  • Diet of Szécsény

    Diet of Szécsény
    It was the first assembly of the Kuruc orders in Hungary during the Rákóczi War of Independence. The confederated estates of the kingdom of Hungary were there, with Rákóczi and the Senate. The Economic council also played an important role cause it arranged the supply of the army.
  • Other diets

    Other diets
    In 1707, Ónod the dethronement of the Habsburg dynasty was declared. General taxation was discussed and introduced.
    In 1708, Sárospatak:they promised the abolishment of serfdom to those who would fight till the end but this was not effective and people were still not motivated.
  • Crucial defeates

    Crucial defeates
    Crucial defeats happened in 1708, Trencsény, and 1710, Romhány. As a result, the army and the national coalition were disbanded.
  • The fail

    The fail
    After the recapture of the country, Charles III , Joseph III, and Pálffy János were ready to compromise but Rákóczi still resisted.
  • Final defeat

    Final defeat
    The imperial army recaptured the country and the war of independence was basically lost.
  • The Peacy Treaty of Szatmár

    The Peacy Treaty of Szatmár
    The treaty was signed between the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and II Rákóczi of Transylvania, who had led a rebellion against Habsburg rule. The treaty granted amnesty to Rákóczi and his followers and recognized their right to retain their estates and titles. It also granted autonomy to Transylvania and Hungary remained a part of the Habsburg Empire. It was important and favorable, solved the problems causing the revolt, and excluded the possibility of absolutism.