Progressive Era

  • The Secret Ballot Reform

    The Secret Ballot Reform
    Privacy at the ballot box ensures that citizens can cast votes without party bosses knowing how they voted. This would be considered social justice reform because it allowed people to vote in secret.
  • Tuskegee Institute Founded

    Tuskegee Institute Founded
    It was created by Booker T. Washington. This group focused on teaching African-Americans trade skills to earn a living and gain the trust of white society. It was social reform that was the result of segregation and inequality. The two of which were a problem that the Progressive party tried to address.
  • How the Other Half Lives published

    How the Other Half Lives published
    Jacob Riis publishes How the Other Half Lives. It exposed the living conditions of the poor in cities. It focused on tenement life. As a result NYC passed building codes to promote safety and health. This was some of the first social reform that sparked the progressive movement.
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    Sherman Anti-Trust Act
    This legislation passed by Roosevelt helped to make monopolies illegal. Monopolies controlled markets which undermined the capatistic ideology of our society. This would be considered business reform.
  • Eugene Debbs

    Eugene Debbs
    Eugene Debbs became the president of the American Railway Union. He was a proclaimed socialist and fought to change the whole economic system of our country, along with fighting for workers rights. He played a big role in the progressivism of the 1890's.
  • Henry Demarest Lloyd - Wealth Against Commonwealth

    Henry Demarest Lloyd - Wealth Against Commonwealth
    He wrote an expose, Wealth Against Commonwealth, it exposed the corruption within the Standard Oil Company. He was considered a muckraker because of the way he exposed Standard Oil through journalism. He helped bring about business reform which was a big part of progressivism.
  • Robert La Follette

    Robert La Follette
    La Follette was the Progressive Governor of Wisconsin. He sought reforn that was known as the Wisconsin Idea. He increased taxes on big business to benfit the people. He reduced excessive lobbying, backed labor legislation, and other social legislation.
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    Teddy Roosevelt

    In his first term he did much to regulate big bussiness to benefit the general public that he felt a duty to represent. He also began the construction of the Panama Canal. He was known for having very good relations with foreign countries. In 1904 he was elected for the first time by the public. Lastly he helped solved disputes with many coutries in south America. He issued the Roosevelt Corrolary which protected countries in the Americas
  • The Octopus - Frank Norris

    The Octopus - Frank Norris
    The fictional book exposed the monopolistic railroad companies practicing in California. As a result Northern Securities; who controlled the Northwest railroads was broken up. This was a type of business reform, in the way that government was having to regulate businesses in a free market.
  • Newlands Reclamation Act

    Newlands Reclamation Act
    This legislation encouraged conservation by allowing the building of dams and irrigations systems using money from the sale of public lands. They were tring to make the West a better place to live and this reform helped populate the West.
  • Elkins Act

    Elkins Act
    Outlawed the use of rebates by railroad officials or shippers. By doing this, companies could not demand rebates from the railroad companies. This made things more fair, and that was a goal of the progressive era.
  • Lincoln Steffens - The Shame of the Cities

    Lincoln Steffens - The Shame of the Cities
    The Shame of the Cities examined political corruption in cities across the United States. Cities began to use city commissions and city managers. The progressives wanted government reform to end corruption, so they would have agreed with this book.
  • Upton Sinclair - The Jungle

    Upton Sinclair - The Jungle
    Sinclair published the The Jungle. It was an attack on the meat packing industry in Chicago. It influenced the government to create the Food Drug Administration, or the FDA. This was exaclty the kind of reform progressivists fought for,
  • H.G. Wells publishes The Future In America

    H.G. Wells publishes The Future In America
    H.G. Wells was an English writer who wrote a lot about the different aspects of government. He wanted social reform just like other progressivists. He expressed his points through the Future in America.
  • Charles Evan Hughes

    Charles Evan Hughes
    Hughes beats William Randoph Hearst in the elections for New York Governor. Hughes established a progressive record in his two terms in office by securing labor legislation, insurance reform and the creation of a Public Service Commission.
  • Public Service Reform

    Public Service Reform
    The Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act are both passed, a direct consequence of the writings of investigative journalists.
  • the Hepburn Act

    the Hepburn Act
    It allowed the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) to set maximum railroad rates and inspect railroad companies’ financial records. This be a business reform that kept the companies from acting unjustly. Progressivism included all types of reform, business reform being one of them.
  • National Conservation Commission

    National Conservation Commission
    It was created to inventory the nation’s resources and manage their use more efficiently. I would consider this a public service reform, once again a type of reform that was progressive.
  • NAACP Founded

    NAACP Founded
    The NAACP was formed in resopnse to the increased violence towards African Americans in the South. They were fighting for the progressive idea of equality for everyone.
  • 16th Amendment Passed

    16th Amendment Passed
    The 16th amendment is approved, authorizing the federal government to collect income taxes. This allowed the government to fund the many programs that progressives would have wanted created to fix the ailments of the U.S.
  • Hiram Johnson

    Hiram Johnson
    Hiram Johnson becomes the governor of California helps push corruption out of the politics. He also pushed through an extensive program of progressive reforms.
  • Standar Oil Company Dissolved

    Standar Oil Company Dissolved
    The Supreme Court dissolves the Standard Oil Company, in light of its violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act. This proves that the progressive ideology is having an effect on the government.
  • William Jennings Bryan

    William Jennings Bryan
    He backed the free coinage of silver. He also wanted to help the farmers who were in a great amount of of debt. He wanted government control of railroads. The government control of railroads was one of the idea of progressivism.
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    Woodrow Wilson's Presidency

    Woodrow Wilson becomes president of the U.S. Wilson was a leading Progressive, arguing for a stronger central government and fighting for anti-trust legislation and labor rights.
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    The 17th Amendment is passed, providing the direct election of senators, intstead of by state legislatures. This put more power in the hands of the people, and it was a push for more democracy; which progressivism was all about.
  • Clayton Antitrust Act

    Clayton Antitrust Act
    It strengthened the Sherman Antitrust Act by outlawing the creation of a monopoly through any means, and it said that unions were not subject to the antitrust legislation.
  • Tax on Employment of Child Labor

    Tax on Employment of Child Labor
    In 1919 President Woodrow Wilson signed into law the "Tax on Employment of Child Labor." This created a ten percent tax on the profits of businesses that employed children under age fourteen or made them work more than eight hours a day, six days a week. This business reform was backed by the progressivists.
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    Jane Addams

    Jane Addams was the president if the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. She had a big impact on the fight for women's suffrage.
  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
    This Amendment was a social reform that made alcohol illegal. Social reform was a large part of progressivism, and this is it being shown on a more drastic level.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    Women's suffrage. Women are now legally allowed to vote. This social justice reform would have been very hard to bring about if it were not for the progressive movement.
  • Planned Parenthood Established

    Planned Parenthood Established
    Margaret Sanger the social reformer helps create what will later become planned parenthood. This was a public service reform that benefited the people and was very progressive.